AN UPDATE TO ‘BLOODY HARVEST’ & ‘THE SLAUGHTER’

Chapter Five: Approved Regional Transplant Centres

This category includes 20 armed forces and 48 civilian transplant centres. These are usually general hospitals of troops of all arms or major military commands, or local/ provincial hospitals or university affiliated hospitals located in provincial capital cities. Their transplant techniques and volume, though inferior to those of the national-level transplant centres described above, are still among the best.

This section includes a sample of regional transplant centres. A full summary of the 68 hospitals is at the end of this chapter.

Examples

No. 107 Hospital of Jinan Military Command

No. 107 Hospital of Jinan Military Command is the only approved liver transplant facility in the Yantai, Weihai region. It possesses leading technology in liver, kidney, pancreas, and combined liver-kidney transplants in both the military region and the province.794

The Hepatobiliary Surgery Department has 60 beds and 40 technical personnel, including 10 with senior titles and 10 postgraduates. Director Qu Ming successfully conducted the first combined liver-kidney transplant in Shandong Province in early 2004.

Deputy director Du Yingdong claimed, “Over 10 years ago, it took us over 10 hours to complete a liver transplant surgery. Now, our technology has matured, and a liver transplant only takes 4 to 5 hours. Sometimes, 3 to 4 surgeries can be completed in one day. The speed of development has caught up to that of high-speed rail.”795

In April 2012, a new ward building was put into use, increasing the hospital’s bed count from 600 to over 1,000.796

Rendering: New ward building put into use in 2012

First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University is the largest integrated research hospital in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, combining treatment, teaching, research, prevention, and management. It has two master’s degree programs, a doctoral program, and a clinical postdoctoral fellow research station. It has 1,320 doctoral and master’s students, 277 professors, 92 doctoral advisors, and 169 master’s advisors.797

Xinjiang Organ Transplantation Research Institute was established in this hospital in July 2002. As of March 26, 2008, its website stated, “There are 38 professionals in this Institute, including the director, Professor Wen Hao. They include 32 with senior titles and 6 with intermediate titles. There are liver transplantation, bone marrow transplantation, kidney transplantation, and cornea transplantation groups. The main research directions are transplantation of liver, kidney, bone marrow, cornea, heart, vascular graft, transplant anesthesiology, bones and joints, and tendon grafts. The goal is to develop the scale of organ transplants in a standardized way and to become the organ transplant centre in Xinjiang and central Asia.”798

Its medical staff published a paper titled “Preliminary experience of postoperative care of 4,207 liver transplant patients” in March 2003. Our researchers later searched for this article on Chinese websites and discovered that, although its title remained unchanged, the content was changed to caring for 5 liver transplant patients instead, a complete mismatch with its title. 799

Wen Hao, president of the hospital and the director of its transplant institute and liver transplant centre, is a member of the National Committee of the Chinese Medical Association Organ Transplantation Branch. In 2000, he completed the first liver transplant surgery in China to treat hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, a parasitic tapeworm liver disease. He received his PhD from the University of Salford in the United Kingdom in 1994. In 1995, he was a post-doctoral fellow at the digestive vascular surgery department and liver transplant centre at the Medical School of Franche-Comte University in France.800

Its urology department has 72 medical personnel, including 32 doctors, 38 nurses, and two technicians.801 The doctors wrote in a journal article that the Institute had completed 779 kidney transplants between August 1999 and September 2008.802 In September 2012, the hospital’s official website stated, “Since 2001, orthotropic kidney transplants from corpses and from living donors have already grown to a considerable scale. We have completed over 300 surgeries.” 803. Its number of transplants has not been updated since that time.

Zhengzhou People’s Hospital in Henan Province

Photo: The ward building of Zhengzhou People’s Hospital

 

With a history of over 100 years, Zhengzhou People’s Hospital is affiliated with Southern Medical University, which was formerly the First Military Medical University. It is a designated hospital for foreign guests in Zhengzhou and the base for postdoctoral fellows for research and development in Henan Province.804 The hospital has 2,692 personnel, including 280 senior experts, four postdoctoral fellows, 24 PhDs, and 480 master’s degree holders. It currently has 1,863 beds, 63 clinical departments, a provincial academician expert station, and a provincial post-doctoral research and development base.

It is the only hospital in Henan Province that has obtained a permit from the Ministry of Health to conduct heart, liver, kidney, small intestine, and pancreas transplants. Its transplant capabilities have reached an advanced level in the province.805

The hospital’s website claims that its kidney and liver transplants are advanced specialty departments in Henan Province, and that its transplant volume ranks among the highest in China. Its kidney transplant number ranked second in China for three consecutive years, from 2006 to 2008. Patients from Tibet, Qinghai, Yunnan, Beijing, and Shanghai sought treatment at this hospital.806

Its kidney transplant department was established in June 2002 and has 76 medical personnel and 90 extended hospital beds. On December 27, 2007, Director Qu Qingshan’s team in the Kidney Transplant Centre completed 13 kidney transplants within 21 hours.807 Qu had personally performed over 1,000 kidney transplants, as well as the first combined liver-kidney transplant in Henan Province.808

The hospital also carries out liver and multi-organ transplants.809 At present, the hospital’s website shows that Chen Guoyong, the hospital’s vice president and director of its Liver Transplant Surgery Department, had completed over 500 combined multi-organ procurement operations, over 500 kidney transplants,810 over 300 liver transplants, and dozens of combined liver-kidney and pancreas-kidney transplants.811 He had been a visiting scholar in Japan and South Korea and studied multi-organ and liver transplantation from living donors at Tianjin First Central Hospital and Shanghai Changzheng Hospital. He was the deputy director of the organ transplant centre at People’s Liberation Army No. 309 Hospital.

Dongfeng General Hospital Affiliated with Hubei University of Medicine

Dongfeng General Hospital is an affiliated hospital of a major motor company in Shiyan, a small industrial city in central China. It also serves as the clinical and the teaching hospital of several medical colleges, among them is Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology which was one of the earliest and largest organ transplant research centre and clinics in China.

It has 1,400 beds, more than 200 senior professionals, 160 personnel who hold PhDs or master’s degrees, 60 associate professors, and 30 master’s advisors812.

This is one of very few subsidiary hospitals of state-owned enterprises which have received transplant permits from the Ministry of Health in 2007.813 In 1979, the hospital carried out the first kidney transplant and created a precedent for industrial hospitals to carry out organ transplants. 814

In August 2000, Dongfeng General Hospital conducted 10 kidney transplants, one thyroid transplant, and 3 cornea transplants within the same day. It is known as the only hospital in northwestern Hubei capable of carrying out multiple types of organ transplants simultaneously.815 In addition to the regular kidney transplants,816 the hospital also performs liver, cornea, in situ parathyroid, bone marrow, and many other types of organ and tissue transplantation. In 2009, the hospital established an Organ Transplantation Research Centre. The hospital also has a breast transplant department with more than 40 beds, which is very famous in this field.817

Yuan Fangjun, Deputy Director of the hospital, said in 2010 that kidney transplant had become a routine surgery and almost all its surgeons can independently complete a kidney transplant.818 The hospital has over 10 surgical departments and more than 100 surgeons. How many transplants is the hospital performing to necessitate training almost all of its surgeons in the procedure?

According to an article dated December 29, 2010 on the hospital’s website, “Since 1978, Dongfeng General Hospital has completed a variety of more than 400 cases of organ transplants.”819 However, in a report by Shiyan Evening News on November 27, 2010, Dr. Wei Jian, the hospital’s Organ Transplant Ward Director, said that he alone had completed almost 400 cases of organ transplants. 820

Another report by Shiyuan Evening News said by 2016 the hospital had completed 500 cases of organ transplants821, which means from 2011 to 2015 the total number of organ transplant conducted is less than 100. This is likely another instance of lowballing the numbers, because the same report said the hospital completed a total of 75 transplants during 2014 and 2015.

Summaries

Hospital Highlights

Hospital Qualifications and Facts

16.

Navy General Hospital

Regional level liver transplant centre

  • City, Province: Beijing
  • Capacity: 1,776 beds
  • Certified transplant types: liver
  • Types of transplants actually conducted:
    • liver
    • kidney
    • heart
    • cornea
  • Hepatobiliary Surgery:
    • 40 medical staff, 5 with senior titles.
    • 51 beds
  • Unique Facts
    • thousands of transplants for end-stage liver cancer patients

This is the clinical hospital of the Second Military Medical University. It trains graduate students in collaboration with eight renowned institutions, including the People’s Liberation Army Postgraduate Medical University and Academy of Military Medical Sciences. It has established postdoctoral research stations and 27 doctoral and 64 master’s training programs. The hospital has 1,776 beds.822

Its archived web page shows that the hepatobiliary surgery department was the first in China to carry out liver transplants. The special edition of its introduction to liver transplantation states, “As liver transplantation has become the only effective treatment of end-stage liver cancer, the Navy General Hospital has helped thousands of end-stage liver cancer patients gain a second life through liver transplantation.”823

The centre is led by Qiu Baoan, so-called “China’s number one person in liver transplantation.” Qiu studied liver transplantation at the University of Pittsburgh Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute and became a member of the Academic Committee of the Beijing Organ Transplant Committee.824 All of its members are independently able to carry out donor organ procurement, transplantation, and postoperative care.825

During a special interview with CCTV in 2014, Qiu said the team has 40 medical staff, 90% of whom hold master’s degrees or above, 5 have senior titles. This department was established in 1988 and has 51 beds. It started liver transplants in 1999.826

Its urology centre was one of the earliest in the Beijing region to conduct allogeneic kidney transplants. Its kidney transplant capabilities have fully matured.827

Its heart transplant capabilities have also matured. In March 2005, Dr. Zhang Zaigao successfully conducted a transplant with a heart that had survived for 9 hours in vitro (the normal time in vitro for a heart is 4 hours).828

The hospital also conducts cornea transplants.829

2.

The 307th Hospital of Chinese People’s Liberation Army

(The Affiliated Hospital of Military Medical Sciences)
Regional level renal transplant centre

Urologic Surgery Department

This hospital is an affiliated hospital of the Academy of Military Medical Sciences. It offers first-class graduate programs in clinical disciplines and a post-doctorate station in pharmacology and immunology. The hospital has 1,500 beds.830

It is self-proclaimed as one of the earliest hospitals to carry out kidney transplantation in China, and has become one of Beijing’s largest renal transplant centres. With a high surgical success rate, the survival time after kidney transplant surgery has always been at a leading level domestically and attracts many specialists and transplant recipients from throughout the country. It has frequently assisted hospitals in other cities with renal transplant operations.831

“The Kidney Transplant Centre at the 307th Hospital of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army has won widespread praise from society and the academic field for its quality of health care services, and for its superb technology, low cost, and good transplant effects.”832

The centre has many talented personnel. Its experts have many years of experience in the field of kidney transplants. It can carry out allograft kidney transplants, relative donor kidney transplants, autologous kidney transplantation, kidney transplants for the elderly, pediatric kidney transplants and other kinds of kidney transplant. For their kidney transplant patients, the longest survival time reached to 22 years.

The department possesses sophisticated equipment, and can simultaneous work on clinical operations and do basic research for kidney transplants and transplant immunology.  It has set up a first-class immunology laboratory. It has 2 chief surgeons, 5 associate chief surgeons, 6 attending surgeons, 1 master’s degree tutor, and 1 PhD advisor. It has 80 inpatient beds.833

However, the hospital’s web page now only states “has successfully completed nearly one thousand cases of kidney transplantation,” 834 on average, less than 50 cases per year, which is seriously inconsistent with the status of “one of the largest kidney transplant centres in the capital.” The hospital is also one of the largest units working on hematopoietic stem cell transplants. The five-year disease-free survival rate has reached above 60% for bone marrow transplants and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.835

The kidney source liaison personnel at this transplant centre, Chen Qiang, stated that the hospital streamlined government agencies, police, and prisons in the trade of organs from Falun Gong practitioners, and could provide proof of identification of the Falun Gong practitioner donors.836

18.

PLA Second Artillery General Hospital

Regional level liver transplant centre

This is a clinical teaching hospital for the Second, Third and Fourth Military Medical Universities. It is also a joint training base for graduate students from Beijing Normal University Institute of Medicine, Wuhan University School of Medicine, Liaoning Medical University, and other institutions. The hospital staff includes 74 doctorates and postdoctoral fellows, and 175 with master’s degrees. It also engages 3 Academicians and over 200 well-known specialists as adjunct professors.837

Its liver transplant centre was established in July 2004 and has a medical team with a solid theoretical foundation and rich clinical experience in that subject. It can carry out various complicated liver transplant operations.838

Zhou Dinghua, vice president of the hospital and director of the transplant centre, is a doctoral advisor and a standing member of the Organ Transplant Committee. Zhou returned to the Second Artillery General Hospital from Nanjing General Hospital after his training at the postdoctoral station in 2003, and vowed to make liver transplantation a routine clinical operation at the General Hospital. In 2004, Zhou conducted the first liver transplant for the hospital.839 Zhou is now in charge of 12 projects funded by the National High-Tech Research and Development Program (“863 Program”), the National Natural Science Foundation of China, Tenth Military Five-Year Key Research Fund, Eleventh Military Five-Year Outstanding Talent Fund, and Twelfth Military Five-Year Key Research Fund.840

Li Chaoyang, a well-known liver transplant specialist in this transplant centre, participated in the establishment of the liver transplant department at Shandong Qianfoshan Hospital in 2003. Li helped several 3A hospitals in five provinces to carry out liver transplant operations.841

19.

The General Hospital of the Beijing Military Region

Regional level liver transplant centre

This hospital has 2,800 medical staff, including 500 senior professionals and 400 with doctoral or master’s degrees. It is a national-class doctoral and postdoctoral research station, with 200 professors and associate professors, 20 doctoral advisors, 34 master’s advisors, and 50 experts who receive special allowances from the State Council.

This hospital carries out liver, heart, kidney, cornea, blood vessel, and parathyroid transplants.

Its urologic surgery centre is one of the eight People’s Liberation Army specialty centres and enjoys a high reputation. It is also the teaching base of the urologic surgery department of clinical hospitals in Beijing affiliated with the Second and Third Military Medical Universities. It was among the earliest hospitals to perform organ transplantation and has performed clinical kidney transplants since 1992.842

Guo Yinglu, one of the founders of modern urologic surgery in China and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, served as the leader of the expert panel. He participated in the country’s first renal transplant in the early 1960s. In the 1970s, he went to Canada to study kidney transplantation. He later wrote China’s first Renal Transplantation monograph after he returned to the country.843

In 1999, the hospital’s liver transplant centre started performing clinical liver transplants, which are now routine surgery at the hospital. The medical staff includes 4 well-known senior specialists, 2 professors, 2 associate professors, 3 personnel with PhDs, and 4 with master’s degrees. The centre claimed to have established timely, unobstructed access to high-quality liver sources from around the Beijing area and from other provinces and cities.844

22.

Tianjin Medical University General Hospital

Regional level lung transplant centre

This hospital plays an important role in Tianjin’s healthcare system. It has two postdoctoral fellow research stations, 29 doctoral programs, 30 master’s degree programs, 75 doctoral advisors, and 212 master’s advisors.845

In 1995, this hospital completed Tianjin’s first and China’s second intestinal transplant. It was also among the earliest to start performing allogeneic liver transplants.846 It has also performed kidney transplants at a considerable scale.

Its lung cancer surgery department is subordinate to the Tianjin Lung Transplant Centre and approved by the Ministry of Health to carry out single and bilateral lung transplantation for end-stage lung diseases.847

The hospital was also the first in Tianjin to carry out clinical heart transplants. As of 2005, its cardiothoracic surgery department had 54 beds. In 2001, the department performed Tianjin’s first allogeneic heart transplant, which was also a combined heart-kidney transplant. In 2003, it demonstrated Asia’s first orthotopic cardiac allograft following removal of a left ventricular assist pump, filling a gap in Tianjin.848

In the 1950s, the ophthalmology department became one of the first in China to begin conducting cornea transplants. It also established a nationally influential ophthalmic pathology laboratory. Its medical personnel include 14 with senior titles, 8 with intermediate titles, 2 PhD advisors, 6 master’s advisors, 8 PhDs, 2 PhD students, 7 master’s degree holders, and 18 with GCP certifications. The department has 42 beds and conducts more than 2,000 surgeries annually.849

By the 1980s, the urologic surgery department had already performed 90 kidney transplants. In the 1990s, the general surgery department began performing liver, small intestine, and allogeneic liver transplants.850

24.

Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces

(Affiliated Hospital of Armed Police Logistics College)
Regional level kidney transplant centre

Formerly known as the Affiliated Hospital of Tianjing Armed Police, this hospital has 1,900 beds, 4 doctoral advisors, 107 master’s advisors, and 6 experts who enjoy privileged government allowances. This hospital has undertaken more than 100 national and provincial research programs and key projects.851

Dr. Wang Guoqi from the hospital’s burn unit testified at a hearing of the U.S. Congressional Human Rights Committee that he was dispatched by the hospital more than one hundred times to execution sites and crematoriums to remove skin and corneas from executed prisoners. Since the publication of the Matas/Kilgour report in 2006, this hospital has deleted almost all relevant information on its website.

The hospital also later removed content regarding its kidney transplant and nephrology departments, leaving the respective columns blank on the official website.852

We were able to see the scale of organ transplants performed at this hospital through pieces of information remaining on medical and physician websites, as detailed below.

The 70-bed nephrology department mainly focuses on kidney transplantation.853 It conducts the second highest number of kidney transplants annually in Tianjin.854

The hospital’s data shows that its bed utilization rate had reached 107.6%, with an average bed turnover rate of 35.8 times per year.855 The organ transplant division is one of the hospital’s specialty departments with the most research and clinical strength.

This department has 44 medical personnel, including 4 surgeons with senior titles, 4 holding doctoral degrees, and 5 with master’s degrees.856

The web page of Li Hui, director of the nephrology department, states that he has operational and management experience in over 1,000 kidney transplants (this number appears to have been deflated).857 He claimed that his team has performed the most kidney transplants in the Armed Police system, and that its transplant volume is at the forefront in the Beijing and Tianjin areas and among China’s top 20 major hospitals.858

Professor Liu Weiru, the department’s chief surgeon, studied in Beijing Friendship Hospital’s urologic surgery and kidney transplantation department. He is skilled in performing various major surgeries, including kidney transplants.859 According to the report, in March 2006, this hospital carried out an unusually high number of kidney transplants on a daily basis–sometimes six in one night.860

25.

The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University

Regional level kidney and heart transplant centre

This is the largest comprehensive 3A hospital in Hebei Province integrating medical care, education, and research. It has one academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, one Hebei “High-End Talent,” and 25 doctoral advisors. Among its medical personnel, 59 receive privileged allowances from the State Council.861

The hospital conducted the first cadaveric kidney allograft in the province in 1976. It completed the first living-donor kidney transplant in 2001. Kidney transplantation has become one of its routine operations.862

According to the 2002 issue of Liver Transplant Technology of Hebei Public Health Yearbook, “to advance the development of organ transplantation, the hospital formed a multi-organ transplant leading group, mainly to develop heart, liver, kidney, and other multi-organ transplants.” The group’s chairman was hospital president Cai Wenqing, and its vice chairman was hospital vice president Liu Huaijun. Other members included relevant transplant experts and responsible parties.863

Its urologic surgery department claims that its kidney transplant team, led by Professor Li Wei, is at an advanced level in China and has a high reputation among patients.864 Professor Cai Wenqing, hospital president and doctoral advisor, led the urologic surgery department to complete the first living-donor kidney transplant in the province. He studied in the urologic surgery department at Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine.865

The 72-bed department has 16 chief and associate chief physicians, 8 PhDs, 15 with master’s degrees, one doctoral advisor, and 6 master’s advisors.

Its hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery department carried out the first liver transplant in the province in 2001.866 Deputy director Bian Wei studied liver transplantation at the Tianjin First Centre Hospital.867

The cardiac surgery department’s heart transplantation leads the province and is at an advanced level in the country. It has 8 chief surgeons/professors, 6 associate chief surgeons/associate professors, 5 residents, 3 PhDs, and 15 members with master’s degrees. It has 70 open beds.868

The hospital’s vice president Liu Su pursued advanced studies in the United States, Germany, and Australia. After returning to China, he led the first adult and pediatric heart transplants in the province.869 On April 7, 2011, Liu’s expert group performed a heart transplant for 13-year-old Hua Jiale; the hospital found a matching child donor for the patient in under a week.”870

26.

The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University

Regional level liver transplant centre

This is a sister institution of the hospital listed above. It has 166 staff with senior professional titles, 257 with associate senior professional titles, 9 doctoral advisors, 130 master’s advisors, 7 provincial Outstanding Experts, and 20 experts who enjoy privileged government allowances.871 It has performed liver, kidney, hematopoietic stem cells, cartilage, cornea, and other types of transplants.872

Its hepatobiliary surgery department carried out its first liver transplant in 2002. It claims that it ranks first in the province by the quantity and other aspects of transplantation.873

Dou Jian, the hospital’s vice president and director of the hepatobiliary surgery department, not only routinely performs liver transplants but also leads post-graduates in conducting related basic research. He has published more than 20 papers in domestic and international journals and edited two books.874

The hospital is very low-key regarding the scale of its transplant activities. Its official website stated that it has performed “nearly 200 liver transplants to date, entering an advanced level in the country.”875 The hepatobiliary surgery department web page does not list the number of beds or personnel, and states it has “conducted more than 60 transplants as of end of 2011.”876 Director Dou Jian stated to a media reporter that he had individually completed more than 160 liver transplants.877 These figures are contradictory. How could an average volume of less than 10~20 per year rank first in the province? How could it be at an advanced level in the country?

The hospital has no permit to carry out the kidney transplant. Its urologic surgery department carried out the first kidney transplant in the province and has conducted the most kidney transplants. It has 3 chief surgeons / professors, 2 associate chief surgeons / associate professors, and 5 attending surgeons.878

Li Wenping, director of the urology department, was the first in the province to carry out kidney transplants. He conducted postdoctoral research at the Baylor College of Medicine.879

Deputy director Guo Yuexian pursued advanced studies at the University of Maryland Medical Centre and the MD Anderson Cancer Centre in the U.S. In 2001, he completed the first kidney transplant at this hospital.880

37.

The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University

Regional level liver transplant centre

This hospital’s organ transplant centre mainly focuses on liver transplantation. It conducted its first liver transplant at the end of 2001. In 2004, it carried out the first secondary liver transplant in northeastern China. In 2006, it performed its first living-donor liver transplant between adults.881

The centre has collaborated with the Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic (HPB) Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Medical University to conduct remote medical consultation. It established a communication platform with the University of Heidelberg in Germany to further develop the discipline. The hospital employed Zheng Shusen, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and professor of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, as a part-time academician.

Professor Tian Xiaofeng, doctoral advisor, is the hospital’s current president and director of the general surgery department. He took the lead in clinical and basic research in organ transplantation in the region, led the department to complete its first liver and combined pancreas-kidney transplants, including living-donor liver transplants, secondary liver transplants, and other complicated cases. The department’s capabilities have thus achieved a nationally advanced level.882

Wang Liming, MD, PhD, is the hospital’s vice president and director of its transplant centre. He “is mainly engaged in organ transplantation, general clinical surgery and scientific research. As the leading specialist in Liaoning Province, he carries out orthotopic liver, living-donor liver, kidney, pancreas-kidney, and living-donor kidney transplants. He has obtained a number of leading technical achievements that have filled a gap in Dalian’s medical history.”883

In mid 2006, patients paid only 50,000 RMB for transplants at this hospital. Doctors traveled in special vehicles provided by the hospital to pick up donor livers.884

The hospital is also notable because the father of the plastination procedure, Gunther Von Hagens, accepted a visiting professorship at Dalian Medical University in 1996. Although he initially complained about not receiving an adequate supply of fresh cadavers on which to do his experiments, by 1999 von Hagens had received an honorary citizen award from Dalian mayor Bo Xilai and started his first plastination company. Von Hagens’ Chinese partner Sui Hongjin would ultimately run a company named Dalian Medical University Plastination. In 2003, von Hagens claimed that the Dalian plastination operation was responsible for 80% of his profits.885

The hospital has carried out kidney transplants since 1997. However, information regarding kidney transplantation is not available on its website.886

The chief physician of its ophthalmology department, Professor Zhao Fengrong, specializes in cornea transplantation. He won the Dalian New Technology Pharmaceutical Application Award for two cornea transplants he performed.887

Lei Xiaojun, associate professor and deputy chief physician of ophthalmology, studied under the tutelage of renowned ophthalmologist Professor Chen Jiaqi. Lei is renowned in his unique treatment of cornea diseases. He has completed many cornea transplants.888

23.

TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital

Regional level heart transplant centre

This hospital serves as the Cardiovascular Disease Clinical College of Tianjin Medical University. The Heart and Great Vessels Surgery Department was among the first in Tianjin to carry out heart and combined heart-kidney transplants. It was established on September 26, 2003 with 500 beds.889 It has 16 physicians, including 7 chief physicians, 4 associate chief physicians, and 4 attending physicians. Two of them hold doctoral degrees, and 9 have master’s degrees.890

The hospital’s president, Liu Xiaocheng, is a well-known cardiovascular surgery expert, professor, and PhD advisor. He receives special allowances from the State Council. Liu studied heart surgery at Prince Charles Hospital in Australia in 1984. In 1987, he founded Mudanjiang Cardiovascular Disease Hospital. In July 1992, he performed heart transplants for two late-stage heart disease patients in six days. In December of the same year, he performed China’s first combined heart-lung transplant. In 2001, he began to build the TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital and completed China’s second combined heart-kidney transplant.891

Professor Liu Zhigang, the hospital’s vice president and chief physician of the heart surgery department, trained at multiple internationally renowned heart centres in the United States. He has engaged in heart surgery for over 20 years and participated in more than 5,000 heart and great vessel surgeries of various types. He has completed more than 3,000 surgeries as lead surgeon, covering procedures for virtually all congenital and acquired heart diseases, including heart transplants.892

Chen Tienan, chief physician of the heart surgery department, joined TEDA in 2003. Since 2005, he has fully participated in heart and heart-kidney transplants, as well as perioperative management. He has completed more than 2,500 surgeries as lead surgeon and participated in over 5,000 cardiovascular surgeries of various types. He studied in Germany in 2009 and Japan in 2014.893

Associate chief physician Guo Zhipeng has participated in over 3,000 heart surgeries in ten years. He studied heart transplantation techniques at the Indiana University Methodist Hospital in the United States.894

According to Northern Economic Times, this hospital completed a combined heart-kidney transplant and an orthotopic heart transplant for two patients on April 28, 2006 and July 6, 2006, respectively.895

(right: Liu Xiaocheng, Chen Tienan, and combined heart-kidney transplant recipient from Qatar)

27.

No. 281 Hospital of Beijing Military Region

(Beidaihe Health Resort of Beijing Military Command)
Regional level kidney transplant centre

The People’s Liberation Army 281 Hospital is part of the Beijing Military Command Beidaihe system of nursing homes, along with the People’s Liberation Army 178 Hospital and the Navy Beidaihe nursing home. At one point, it performed the most kidney transplants in the Beijing Military Command and in Hebei Province.896

This hospital started performing kidney transplants in the 1970s and completed its first allogeneic kidney transplant in 1987.897 As of 2007, the hospital has performed 6 to 9 simultaneous kidney transplants on 28 occasions.898

Its 40-bed kidney transplant centre has 30 medical personnel, including 4 chief and associate chief physicians and 4 attending physicians with doctoral or master’s degrees. It has published more than 150 papers in medical journals at home and abroad.

The centre receives patients from around the country. The youngest recipient was 9 years old; the oldest was 75.899

Director Yang Guangting is a member of the Beijing Military Command’s Department of Urology Professional Committee and a standing member of the Qinhuangdao Urology Professional Committee. He has a wealth of clinical experience in kidney transplantation and has won a first prize Qinhuangdao City Technological Progress Award.900

Pei Xiangke, the centre’s deputy director, trained under Shi Bingyi at the People’s Liberation Army Organ Transplant Centre.901

The centre performs kidney procurements and tissue matching at an alarming rate. On January 28, 2002, this unit undertook seven cadaveric renal allografts. One patient experienced a renal arterial embolization seven days after surgery, on February 4, 2002. The next day, the patient was administered a “transplant nephrectomy and in situ re-transplantation.” In other words, the wait time for the second transplant, including organ sourcing and tissue matching, took only one day.902

30.

First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University

Regional level liver and heart transplant centre

This hospital is a central base of medical services, education, and research in Shanxi Province. It has 518 staff with senior professional titles, 22 doctoral advisors, 218 master’s advisors, and 46 with privileged allowances from the State Council.903

The hospital conducted cornea transplants between 1963 and 1966.904 Its urology department worked independently to perform kidney transplants in 1998. Its combined pancreas-kidney transplant operation in 1999 set a precedent in Shanxi Province. It has also undertaken a number of kidney transplant research projects.905

In September 2001, the hospital conducted its first pancreas-kidney transplant in collaboration with the Third Hospital of Peking University.906 In 2002, it carried out many other kidney and pancreas-kidney transplants independently.907

On March 27, 2001, the General Surgery Division completed its first liver transplant.908 In 2002, the hospital completed two more liver transplants independently, setting a precedent in Shanxi Province.909 Liver transplantation has become the focus of the division’s development.

In March 2006, the hospital formed a new division specializing in organ transplantation. It moved into the new No. 1 Inpatient Building, with 90 beds. In 2010, the division expanded to 140 beds.910

On December 1, 2003, Director Liu Qiang of the General Surgery Division led the team to complete its first heart transplant, filling a gap in Shanxi Province and marking its nationally advanced level of transplant capabilities.911

Division chief Liang Zhixing designated heart transplantation as the  key research project and assigned dedicated staff to the “donor heart excision group,” “myocardial conservation group,” “implant operation group,” “patient care group,” and “support group.” Through continuous experimentation and training, the team has mastered heart transplantation.912

The transplant group includes quite a few experts and specialists in kidney and multi-organ transplantation, such as Wang Dongwen and Liu Chun.

33.

First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University

Regional level heart and lung transplant centre

This is the largest modern, comprehensive 3A hospital in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, with 773 senior professionals, 557 intermediate professionals, 140 members with doctoral degrees, 672 with master’s degrees, and 3 experts who receive privileged allowances from the State Council.913

The hospital is this region’s only heart and lung transplant centre. 914 In recent years, the hospital has carried out the first heart, liver, small intestine, kidney, cornea, stem cell, and other types of transplants in the region. Some of these types of transplants have become routine operations for the hospital.915

The heart and great vessels surgery department has become a national heart centre. It carried out the Autonomous Region’s first orthotopic heart allograft and second lung allograft. It has 56 beds, 4 chief physicians, 3 associate chief physicians, 2 attending physicians, and 2 physicians. Five of them hold doctorate degrees, and 5 have master’s degrees.916

The hospital’s 48-bed hepatobiliary surgery department is subordinate to its transplant surgery department and has 7 chief physicians, 3 associate chief physicians, one doctoral advisor, 3 master’s advisors, 9 PhDs, 2 master’s degree holders, and 3 visiting scholars in Japan.

Hospital president Meng Xingkai is a well-known expert in the hepatobiliary surgery department. Between 1997 and 2006, he studied abdominal surgery at the Peking Union Medical College Cancer Hospital under the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, digestive surgery at the Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University (now University of Toyama) in Japan, and organ transplant at the Beijing Armed Police Corps Hospital Organ Transplantation Research Institute. In 2004, he performed the first piggyback liver transplant in Inner Mongolia, filling a gap in the autonomous region.917

Meng directed the Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Centre of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and is a member of the Chinese Medical Association Organ Transplantation Society. He received training from the Organ Transplantation Research Institute of the Beijing Armed Police Corps Hospital.

The urologic surgery department began performing kidney allografts in 1990. In 2006, it collaborated with the general surgery department to complete the autonomous region’s first combined pancreas-kidney transplant. It has 80 beds, 3 chief physicians/professors, 6 associate chief physicians/associate professors, 2 attending physicians, and 2 residents. Among them are 5 PhDs, 7 with master’s degrees, and one PhD student.

The hospital published the list of service charges for various types of transplant surgery based on the “Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Medical Service Prices 2012 Edition”. 918 These prices are per operation, cover the transplant surgery only, and exclude the organ and procurement costs:

  • Penetrating Keratoplasty (PKP), Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE), and Intraocular Lens (IOL) Implantation (all three combined): 1,100 RMB
  • lung transplant: 3,000 RMB
  • liver transplant: 3,000 RMB
  • cornea transplant and retinal reattachment: 1,000 RMB
  • cornea transplant: 600 RMB
  • multi-organ transplant: 5,000 RMB
  • peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplant: ¥2,500
  • small bowel (intestinal) transplant: 2,000 RMB
  • heart-lung transplant: 5,000 RMB
  • heart transplant: 4,000 RMB
  • pancreas transplant: 2,500 RMB
  • post-transplant hepatectomy + retransplant: 4,000 RMB
  • allogeneic spleen transplant: 2,000 RMB
  • allogeneic kidney transplant: 2,000 RMB
  • heterotopic allograft and pancreatectomy: 800 RMB

39.

AnSteel Group Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This hospital has over sixty years of history.  This comprehensive 3A hospital has nearly 1,300 beds and plans to expand to 2,000 beds within three years. It has about 300 medical personnel with senior and associate senior titles, 7 master’s advisors, and 80 doctoral and master’s students (including those trained overseas).919

In 1982, the hospital carried out the first kidney transplant in Anshan City.920 It has also conducted the most kidney transplants among hospitals in Anshan. In 2005, it performed the first liver transplant in the city.921 As soon as the patient arrived at the hospital, a donor with a matching liver was found.922 In 2006, the hospital’s heart centre completed the first heart transplant in Anshan.923

Chi Shuping, the director of its urologic surgery department, studied in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital’s urologic surgery department and kidney transplant centre in 1999. He began to perform kidney transplants in 2001.924 He is a member of the Liaoning Organ Transplant Subcommittee. His “Treating End-Stage Uremia with Kidney Allograft” project won a first-prize Anshan Municipal Science and Technology Award in 2006.

According to a WOIPFG telephone investigation recording, staff at this hospital claimed to have sufficient donors, and that people from Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai often came here by plane to pick up organs.925

In 2006, an investigator made two inquiry phone calls to the hospital (also called the Anshan Tiedong Hospital) under the guise of a patient’s relative. Below are excerpts of the two transcripts:926

First inquiry:

A nurse in the Kidney Surgery Department: Don’t worry about blood type. We care more about the physical condition of the patient; we have just finished nine cases. If you want to come, you’d better rush. We do several operations simultaneously.

Second inquiry:

Investigator: May I ask whether you are able to conduct a kidney transplant?

Nurse: Yes, we are.

Investigator: How much does it cost for an operation?

Nurse: Regarding kidney transplants, from tissue matching, to locating the organ source, to the operation, it’s going to be somewhere between 40,000 to 50,000 yuan.

Investigator: What’s the success rate?

Nurse: 95%.

Investigator: It’s unheard of that hospitals in Anshan can do this. How many such surgeries have you performed?

Nurse: We’ve done 100 cases, 40 of which were last year. Last month alone, we had 10 cases.

Investigator: Are your surgeons all local or from other regions?

Nurse: We just have local surgeons.

Investigator: How long do we have to wait?

Nurse: It depends on the blood type. Some can be operated on right away, while others may need to wait for several months.

Investigator: Is the source of your organs executed prisoners, or could it be that they’re from the [sic] elderly, the weak, the invalid, or the handicapped?

Nurse: The source of our organ transplants is kept confidential.

28.

Shanxi Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional level liver transplant centre

This hospital is one of the largest medical institutions in Shanxi Province. Its heart, liver, and combined pancreas-kidney transplants were firsts in the province.927

In 2000, this hospital sent a liver transplant team to Tianjin First Central Hospital for systematic training. The two hospitals have maintained close cooperation. In the same year, it carried out the first combined liver-kidney transplant in the province. Its liver transplant capabilities have led the province.

Yet, the hospital’s website shows that it has completed 23 liver transplants to date–a number is equivalent to fewer than two cases per year, even less than the minimum requirement to qualify as a transplant centre approved by the Ministry of Health. Thus, this figure is most likely falsified.928

Xu Jun, the vice president of Shanxi Provincial People’s Hospital and director of its General Surgery Department, studied liver transplantation and perioperative management as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Pittsburgh Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute in 2003 and 2004, where he trained under Professor Thomas E. Starzl, the world’s “father of liver transplantation.”

Upon Xu’s return to China, he started clinical liver transplantation in Shanxi Province.929 He managed a number of provincial-level liver transplantation research projects and conducted in-depth studies on immunological tolerance in solid organ transplantation. He has received a number of provincial honors and awards for his achievements.930

38.

Dalian Friendship Hospital (Dalian Red Cross Hospital)

Regional level kidney transplant centre

Dalian Friendship Hospital is a comprehensive 3A hospital that integrates medical care, education, research, first aid, health care, and rehabilitation. It is also the Dalian Red Cross Hospital. It has nearly 300 senior medical staff and around 1,200 beds.931

In November 1997, Dalian Friendship Hospital set up its kidney transplant ward and independently completed its first kidney transplant. It set up a laboratory for organ transplantation in 2001 and completed the first liver transplantation in Dalian that December. On February 1, it completed one liver transplant and four kidney transplants within 14 hours. In March 2003, it established the Dalian City Kidney Transplant Centre. On November 10, 2003, it completed the first combined liver-kidney transplant in northeastern China. On October 28, 2005, it conducted an orthotopic heart transplant.932

With its renal transplant patients ranging from 14 to 67 years old and an overall success rate of over 95%, the hospital has reached an advanced level domestically and attracted patients from Beijing, Harbin, and other areas.

Hu Zhilin, chief of the Dalian City Kidney Transplant Centre of Dalian Friendship Hospital, is a member of the National Organ Transplant Research Committee and the Professional Society of Organ Transplantation in Liaoning Province. He started clinical and research work in kidney transplantation in 1985. As of September 27, 2006, he had conducted more than 500 kidney transplants.933

Tan Wenxiang, the current chief of surgery at Dalian Friendship Hospital, has engaged in hepatobiliary surgery for more than 20 years and specializes in liver transplantation.

Fu Weili, chief physician of hepatobiliary surgery, specializes in liver transplantation and postoperative patient management. 934

41.

No. 463 Hospital of Shenyang Military Region

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This hospital has 1,120 beds and 125 medical personnel with senior professional titles, nearly 100 of whom hold either PhD or master’s degrees, and7 graduate advisors. The institute has focused on vigorously developing special technologies for organ transplantation.935

The institute became the first hospital in the northeastern region to carry out kidney transplantation in the early 1990s.936 Its quantity of kidney transplants performed and graft survival rate lead domestically.937 It has always maintained a leading technical position in the military and in the region of Shenyang City and Liaoning Province.938 In 2004, the institute became the first hospital under the Shenyang Military Command to perform an orthotopic liver transplant successfully.939

The hospital is the home to the Liaoning Province Eye Bank, which claims to be the largest cornea bank in the northeastern region and have the most abundant source of highest-quality corneas.940

Guo Hongxin, director of the urologic surgery department, is also the director of urologic surgery centre at Shenyang Military Command. He successfully conducted the first kidney transplant surgery in 1997 and made significant contributions to urologic surgery in Liaoning Province. He led more than 20 minimally invasive surgeries and is known as a pioneer in that field of kidney transplantation. He is the deputy director of Liaoning Province Organ Transplant Professional Committee. In 1979 he was among the first group of urology doctors to be sent to Britain and America for study. He won third prize of military research award twice and published more than 20 papers.941 942

Shi Qixing, deputy director of the urologic surgery department, has been involved in kidney transplantation since early 1990s. He is also a member of the Liaoning Province Organ Transplant Professional Committee. 943

42.

The First Hospital of Jilin University

Regional level liver and kidney transplant centre

The First Hospital of Jilin University was formerly known as the First Military Medical University. It has 5,939 beds and more than 8,600 employees, including 348 professional staff with senior titles, 415 with associate senior titles, 104 doctoral advisors, and 369 master’s advisors. In 2015, the hospital ranked 36th in comprehensive influence in China.944 945

Both the quantity and quality of its kidney transplants put it among the top ten of over 300 kidney transplant hospitals in China. The hospital is ranked first within the three provinces of northeastern China. Its number for kidney transplants performed ranks among the top three nationwide.946

The hospital’s urologic surgery organization has a total of 150 beds and is divided into the Urology I and II departments:

The kidney transplant discipline of the Urology II department, led by Fu Yaowen, is a key clinical specialty of the Ministry of Health. The unit ranks among the top ten of the 167 approved transplant hospitals in terms of its quantity and quality of kidney transplants. It currently has 79 open beds and 66 employees, including 23 doctors, among them, 8 professors, 5 associate professors, one PhD advisor, and 8 master’s advisors; 15 hold PhDs, 12 have master’s degrees, and 13 have studied aboard.947

Per his biography in Jilin Celebrity, Fu Yaowen, the founder of the kidney transplantation and blood purification centre, had completed 3,000 kidney transplants as of April 2009. With 22 other surgeons, this centre carries out a huge number of kidney transplants. However, its website currently shows that the centre has conducted only 3,000 kidney transplants to date, a number that appears to have been deflated.948

Fu is a renowned organ transplant expert in China, a doctoral advisor, and deputy director of renal transplantation of the China Organ Transplant Association. He led a series of innovative and practical research work that substantially increased the kidney transplantation patient/graft survival rate. His centre recruits 2-3 doctoral students and 5-7 master’s students each year. It has taken up over 80 national, provincial, and university-level research projects, and has received more than 12 million RMB of research funding. The unit has published over 300 academic papers.949

The Urology I department has 71 beds in total. Its head professor, Wang Chunxi, is also a committee member of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Jilin Province Medical Association. Most of its medical doctors have master’s degrees or above, including 6 with PhDs in medicine and 3 in the doctoral program.950

The hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery organization has two independent medical departments with a total of 178 beds.

The first department contains the liver transplantation centre of Jilin University, which is a key national clinical discipline. The department currently has 20 doctors, including 3 professors, 3 associate professors; 3 doctoral advisors, 5 master’s advisors, 6 with doctoral degrees, 4 in the PhD program, and 7 who have gone abroad for further study. With 90 beds, the department admits 3,000 patients and performs 2,000 surgeries each year.

It offers accredited Master’s and Doctoral courses in medicine and a postdoctoral research station. Its hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery department has become a highly specialized medical teaching and research centre in China. It is the base for international cooperation in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, and provides training in general surgery for the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and the College of Surgeons of Hong Kong. It has received 30 national and provincial research projects and 10 million RMB of research funding. It has published 200 academic papers and received 30 national and provincial awards.951

The second department has 88 beds and 12 doctors, including 3 professors, one associate professor, one doctoral advisor, and 3 master’s advisors. Among them, 5 hold PhD degrees, and 6 have studied abroad.952

The hospital’s living organ sources mainly consist of young people between the ages of 20 and 30. It has its own kidney sources and does not rely on the national unified deployment system.953

57.

Nanjing First Hospital

(Nanjing Hospital affiliated with Nanjing Medical University)
Regional level heart transplant centre

This is the Third Clinical Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. It has 302 senior medical professionals, 37 master’s and doctoral programs, and one national postdoctoral research station.954 It has a history of performing multi-organ transplants, while kidney and cornea transplants have become its routine surgeries.955 The Nanjing Red Cross Eye Bank is located at this hospital.956

Its cardiothoracic surgery department has led the province. It currently has 3 professors, 6 associate professors, 8 chief physicians, 8 associate chief physicians, 13 attending physicians, and 6 residents, among whom 95% have a doctorate or master’s degree. The department has 120 beds.957

On December 13, 2013, the hospital carried out two heart transplants for one patient.958 This was the second successful heart re-transplant in Jiangsu Province; there have been fewer than 5 such cases nationwide.959

The hospital has also performed two heart transplants simultaneously. According to a people.cn report on June 23, 2014, two patients surnamed Zhang and Li received notice at the same time on May 30 that donor hearts were available. The hospital’s vice president Chen Xin decided that the two heart transplant surgeries would proceed simultaneously. That afternoon, the two patients entered operating rooms at the same time. It took half an hour to transport the donor hearts to the First Hospital. After Chen Xin “installed” a new heart for the first patient, he immediately “installed” a different heart for the second patient. The whole process took over two hours.960

Chen is a well-known cardiothoracic surgery expert. He is the vice chairman of the Jiangsu Medical Association Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Society and chairman of the Nanjing Medical Association Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Society. In the early 1990s, the hospital began a cooperative relationship with the Ocala Heart Institute in the United States, and Chen was selected to pursue advanced studies in heart transplantation in the U.S. Two years later, Chen studied heart transplantation at the Cleveland Clinic Heart Centre. Less than three months after returning to China, he performed a successful heart transplant independently. In 2011, the cardiothoracic surgery department was designated a National Key Clinical Discipline by the Ministry of Health and received 5 million RMB in support from the national government. Chen Xin has also led 20 research projects under the National Natural Science Foundation, made 29 accomplishments of various types, published more than 140 papers, attended international conferences, and authored academic reports.961 962

Chen Xin’s team has accomplished many national “firsts” in heart transplantation. It performed the earliest heart transplant in the province, carries out the most heart transplants, and has achieved the longest recipient survival time. It also holds the following records:

  • largest weight difference between donor and recipient (61%, where the difference must normally be less than 20%)
  • heaviest recipient (113 kg / 249 pounds)
  • oldest recipient (71 years)
  • fastest heart transplant operation in China (41 minutes)

34.

The Third Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College

(Baogang Hospital)
Regional level liver, kidney transplant centre

This hospital can perform liver, kidney, small intestine, and pancreas transplants. It provides clinical theory teaching, clinical internships, and residency training in eight specialties for undergraduate and professional students of several universities and medical colleges. 963 It has 40 master’s advisors, 288 with senior professional titles, and 90 doctoral and graduate students.964 It has 1,500 beds.965

In 1984, the hospital performed the first kidney transplant in the Inner Mongolia region. Its diagnosis and treatment in kidney transplantation is mature.

Its General Surgery division is the Inner Mongolia Liver Transplant Centre, the only unit approved by the Ministry of Health to conduct liver transplants in Inner Mongolia. It completed the first living-donor liver transplant in Inner Mongolia in 2004.966 It is also the educational centre for postgraduate students for Inner Mongolia Medical University. It has 18 professionals with senior titles, 6 with an MD degree, 17 with a masters degree, and two masters’ advisors.

Liu Zhizhong, the director of the urologic surgery department, started performing kidney transplants in 1990; he started performing such operations independently in 1997, with kidney transplantation being his major field of study. In 2004, he successfully completed the first living-donor liver transplant in the autonomous region.967

Ophthalmology at this hospital has been officially selected as a Key Discipline of Baotou City, with cornea transplants as its featured and opportune technology.968

43.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University

Regional level liver transplant centre

This is the largest medical centre in Heilongjiang Province, with 4,398 beds and 908 staff with senior and associate senior professional titles. It collaborates with more than 90 hospitals within and outside of the province, as well as with neighboring countries and regions.969 Its general surgery department is a national key discipline (a fostered discipline). Among its 76 physicians, 82% hold doctoral degrees. There are 7 doctoral advisors and 18 full or associate professors.

The institute is the only hospital in Heilongjiang Province approved to carry out liver transplants. It is known to be the best in the world in allogeneic spleen, hand, and arm transplants. Its liver, pancreas, intestine, and cornea transplantation takes a leading role in China.970 Surgical discipline leader Jiang Hongchi is a well-known liver and pancreatic surgeon in China.

The Ophthalmic Hospital affiliated with the First Hospital of Harbin Medical University was one of the earliest ophthalmic disciplines in the field of cornea transplantation. It claims to be at an advanced level in the country and at a leading position in the province. It houses the Heilongjiang provincial eye bank. It currently has more than 180 professional and technical personnel, including more than 90 physicians and 94 nurses and technicians, among whom 51 have senior professional titles, 56 have mid-level titles, 39 have doctoral degrees, and 42 have master’s degrees. This hospital has 229 beds. It treats 190,000 patients and conducts more than 10,000 surgeries each year.971

The president of the Ophthalmic Hospital is Professor Liu Ping, a doctoral advisor and an expert enjoying special allowances from the State Council. He also serves as the director of the Heilongjiang Province Eye Bank and the Key Laboratory of the Harbin Medical University Eye Centre. He led the formation of the eye bank and delivered multiple technical innovations in cornea transplantation and preservation that lead the field domestically.972 The eye bank was established in 1999 but received only one donation in its first five years of operation. Liu Ping said, “We have to find alternative sources of corneas to use for our transplants.”

In recent years, Liu has received funding for three projects under the National Natural Science Foundation, one sub-project under the national Eleventh Five-Year Program, one under the Department of International Cooperation, and eight provincial research projects. He has won more than 20 New Technology Achievement Awards. He has published six books and more than 200 papers in core journals at home and abroad, including over 30 SCI papers.

44.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University

Regional level kidney, heart, and lung transplant centre

This large-scale, comprehensive 3A hospital has 3,100 beds. Among its 767 medical personnel with senior and associate senior titles, 57 are doctoral advisors, 294 are master’s advisors, and 18 receive special allowances from the State Council. The hospital has 19 doctorate programs in Level 2 disciplines and 32 doctorate programs in Level 3 disciplines. It also has a post-doctorate fellow research station in clinical medicine and a post-doctorate research station in clinical pharmacy.973

The hospital’s organ transplant centre was the first in Heilongjiang Province to carry out transplants of heart, lung, liver, spleen, kidney, combined heart-lung, pancreas-kidney, thyroid-parathyroid-thymus, testicular, cornea, bone marrow, and other types. It assumes a leading position nationwide in transplantation variety, quality, and capability. Kidney transplants have become a routine operation at this hospital.

Professor Xia Qiuming was the only one in the heart transplant field to win a national “Outstanding Contribution Award” in organ transplantation in 2015.

In 1992, the hospital completed the first heart transplant in China with the longest patient survival. 974 On September 4, 2012, it performed a second heart transplant on the same patient, a rare surgery in the world and the second case in China. The donor heart matching and all other surgery preparation were completed in 4 days. 975  In October 2015, the hospital performed the first multi-organ transplant in Heilongjiang Province. 976

Professor Han De’en, director of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, studied liver transplantation at the University of Pittsburgh in the U.S. from 1996 to 1997. After returning to China, he led the development of liver transplants at the hospital; the longest survival among his patients was over 9 years, a record for the province. He currently serves as the executive director of the Heilongjiang branch of the Chinese Medical Association and a member of the Chinese Medical Association Organ Transplant Branch Liver Transplant Committee. He has received over 600,000 RMB in research funding from the Provincial Science and Technology Commission and the Provincial Education Commission in the past five years. He has received a number of provincial scientific research achievement awards and published dozens of clinical research papers related to liver transplantation.977

54.

Changhai Hospital affiliated with Second Military Medical University

Regional level kidney and heart transplant centre

The hospital has more than 300 experts and professors, including 90 doctoral advisors and 130 master’s advisors. Among them are an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and two pre-academician candidates of the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department. The hospital has a capacity of 2,100 beds.978

The hospital’s kidney transplantation operation holds a leading position in China. It is a key discipline in Shanghai and a national key discipline. 979

Its urological surgery department has nearly 100 beds, 4 professors, 5 associate professors, 12 attending surgeons, 7 residents, 3 PhD advisors, and 4 master’s advisors. Its website promoted its kidney transplantation as follows:980

  • Rapid recovery after surgery with high-quality kidneys
  • Short waiting time for transplantation due to a sufficient supply of kidney sources
  • Low cost, with an average hospitalization fee of 50,000 RMB

This webpage is no longer accessible, though an archived version exists. The hospital has deleted most pages under its organ transplant centre and left only two expert profiles. Very little information remains.

Professor Zeng Li is the director of the organ transplant centre and a PhD advisor. He focuses his research on damage and repair mechanisms in organ transplantation. He is a member of the People’s Liberation Army Organ Transplantation Professional Committee, a youth member of the Chinese Medical Association (CMA) Organ Transplantation Professional Committee, a member of the CMA Pancreas, Kidney, and Small Intestine Transplant Group, and an editor of multiple journals and monographs. He has led and participated in 5 million RMB worth of research projects and published more than 20 articles in SCI journals. He has received multiple achievement awards and three patents.981

Professor Zhu Youhua, a PhD advisor at the centre, is currently director of the People’s Liberation Army Organ Transplant Research Institute, Chairman of the Chinese Medical Association Organ Transplantation Subcommittee, an expert consultant on the Central Military Commission Health Committee, director of the Shanghai Kidney Transplant Quality Control Centre, and a member of the People’s Liberation Army Organ Transplant Specialists Committee. He was one of the first in China to work on fast whole-kidney extraction techniques, increasing the utilization rate and quality of donor kidneys. He began conducting combined pancreas-kidney transplants, filling a gap in Shanghai. He was one of the first in China to research and use preservation fluid for kidney and other organs in clinical practice, leading China to enter an internationally advanced level in this field. He is deputy editor-in-chief of the Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation and an editor of the Organ Transplantation journal, Chinese Journal of Transplantation (Electronic Version), and Practical Journal of Organ Transplantation (Electronic Version). He has edited 5 monographs, published more than 100 articles, and received 5 national patents.982 983

In May 2007, the hospital’s chief kidney transplant surgeon, Li Baochun, committed suicide by jumping out of the building in which he had conducted kidney transplants.984

122.

Zhongshan People’s Hospital

Regional level liver, kidney, heart, pancreas and small intestine transplant centre

Zhongshan People’s Hospital serves as a clinical training base for graduate students from the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and Zhongshan School of Medicine of Sun Yat-sen University. It has 409 senior staff, including 49 PhDs and 308 with master’s degrees. It has 1,500 beds.985

The hospital established its organ transplant centre in 2001 and began performing heart, liver, autologous stem cell, xenogeneic islet cell, cornea, and other types of transplants. Its transplant skill is at the forefront in Guangdong Province. The hospital began kidney transplantation in 1993, which has now become a routine procedure at the hospital. In 2006, it performed the first combined heart-kidney transplant in Guangdong Province, the fourth such surgery in China. In May 2009, it began to conduct combined liver-kidney transplants.986

The hospital was one of the earliest units in Guangdong Province to begin conducting organ transplants. It currently performs heart, lung, liver, autologous stem cell, islet cell, and cornea transplants. It began carrying out kidney transplants in the early 1990s, established an organ transplant centre in 2001, performed its first liver transplant in the same year, and carried out its first heart transplant in 2004. In 2006, its transplant  centre was designated a Zhongshan City key medical specialty. It performed its first combined heart-kidney transplant in 2006, its first combined liver-kidney transplant in 2009, and its first bilateral lung transplant in 2015.987

The hospital has achieved comprehensive development and Ministry of Health approval in heart, liver, and kidney transplantation. The transplant centre built dedicated laminar flow operating rooms and monitored wards. The centre has a 20-room isolation ward and laboratories for tissue matching and transplant pathology. It employs a large group of medical experts experienced in transplantation and performs difficult liver-kidney, pediatric split liver, and liver re-transplants. Its basic research in liver transplantation and related fields leads Guangdong Province.988 On March 13, 2014, the hospital performed a simultaneous heart, liver, and kidney transplant for one patient.989

The centre performs orthotopic and living-donor liver transplants. It is one of the few units around the Pearl River Delta to perform liver transplants at scale. Since 2000, its research projects in liver transplantation have won first, second, and third prizes of the Zhongshan City Science and Technology Progress Award.990 The Zhongshan Medical Association relied upon the hospital’s strength in transplantation to establish its Organ Transplant Professional Committee in 2013.991

The hospital began developing allogeneic kidney transplants in 1993 and achieved certification in Guangdong Province in 2004. The kidney transplant department has 10 dedicated isolation rooms and a transplantation-experienced team, whose surgeons all have intermediate titles or above and at least master’s degrees. The team is capable of conducting complicated kidney transplants. It began performing living-donor kidney transplants in 2002 and conducted the first combined heart-kidney transplant in Guangdong Province in January 2006 and the hospital’s first combined liver-kidney transplant in May 2009. It now performs kidney transplants as a routine procedure and at an expanding scale.992

The hospital’s ophthalmology centre has the strongest ability, highest surgery volume, and highest comprehensive skill among eye centres in the city of Zhongshan. It is also relatively influential in Guangdong Province. The centre is subordinate to the ocular surface disease and cornea transplant specialty. It has matured in cornea transplantation and performed the hospital’s first cornea transplant surgery. It conducts penetrating keratoplasty, deep lamellar keratoplasty, limbal stem cell transplants, total cornea transplants, and other types of cornea transplants.993

63.

No. 81 Hospital of Nanjing Military Region

Regional level liver transplant centre

This People’s Liberation Army Tumor Centre and Liver Disease Treatment Centre includes over 100 senior specialists and over 20 doctoral advisors and master’s advisors. It is a clinical and teaching hospital for more than ten military and civilian medical universities and colleges.994

The People’s Liberation Army No. 81 Hospital’s People’s Liberation Army Liver Disease Centre established in 2001, is a specialty branch of the No. 81 Hospital. In 2005, it merged with the Nanjing Military Command Liver Transplant Centre. In 2008, the People’s Liberation Army headquarters designated it a People’s Liberation Army Liver Disease Centre.995

Its official website shows that for the past two years, it has conducted more than half of all liver transplants in Jiangsu Province.996 The centre collaborated with the Organ Transplant Centre at the University of Iowa in 2002 and pioneered liver transplantation operations in the PLA. An interdisciplinary liver transplantation centre was established in 2003 and has become the major liver transplantation base in eastern China.

The centre has 125 open beds. It has one master’s advisor, one scholar who holds an overseas degree, 5 senior specialists, 5 PhDs, and 5 professionals with master’s degrees.997

In a patient counseling article on its website published in August 2010, Director of the liver transplant centre, Wang replied to a patient, “To date, our centre has done more than 300 clinical liver transplants of various types, one liver-kidney transplant, 10 emergency liver transplants, and 10 relative-donor liver transplants.”998

On May 24, 2014, the hospital’s website showed that it was able to perform two liver transplants simultaneously. It became one of the main bases for liver transplantation in eastern China. The hospital has completed more than 300 combined liver-kidney transplants, including 15 emergency liver transplants.999 In a June 2014 report by the Nanjing Morning News, Wang said the hospital has performed more than 200 transplants since its first liver transplant in 2003.1000

The inconsistencies in these numbers suggest that they have been falsified. For example, the cumulative figure on its website for 2014 was the same as for 2010, and the number Wang provided in 2014 was 100 fewer than that in 2010. The figure of 300 total cases is equivalent to fewer than 30 cases each year, in which case only two beds and one surgeon would have been needed.

68.

Anhui Provincial Hospital

Regional level liver, kidney, heart, lung, pancreas, small intestine transplant centre

Anhui Provincial Hospital, previously known as Hefei Christian Hospital, was built in 1898. It is a general hospital with advanced equipment, comprehensive specialties, and strong technical capability. It has 4,171 beds and 691 staff with senior professional titles, including 186 PhDs and 1,038 with master’s degrees. Among its staff, 102 experts receive a special government allowance, and 34 were honored as “Outstanding Doctors in the Jianghui Area.” The centre has 32 doctoral advisors and 190 master’s advisors.

The hospital gives special assistance in developing organ transplantation technology. It claims that its technology in heart and combined heart-lung transplantation are at the forefront in China, and that its living-donor liver and kidney transplantation leads Anhui Province.1001

This hospital began conducting kidney transplants in the 1970s, and kidney transplantation has now become a routine operation. It began liver transplants in 2003 and was one of the pioneers of liver transplantation in China. In 2004, it performed the first living-donor liver transplant in Anhui Province.

Its Heart Surgery Department has successfully conducted heart and heart-lung transplants. Its heart transplantation capabilities have ascended to a leading position in China.

Liu Hongtao led the development of kidney transplantation after transferring to Anhui Provincial Hospital from the Xiangya Second Hospital Organ Transplantation Centre at the end of 2006. A high-standard organ transplantation ward was established in January 2011. As more transplants were conducted, the hospital’s quantity of living-donor kidney transplants once ranked among the top five in China.

On April 11, 2015, the hospital performed a living-donor kidney extraction and three kidney transplants in 23 hours.1002

69.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University

Regional level liver, kidney, pancreas and small intestine transplant centre

This 3A hospital holds a permit from the National Health and Family Planning Commission to conduct liver, kidney, pancreas, small intestine, and other types of transplants.

Its organ transplant centre conducted its first liver transplant in 1998. It was one of the earliest centres to perform liver transplantation in China. In 2003, it carried out the first living-donor adult liver transplant.1003

The centre is well-equipped to meet the clinical requirements for various complicated liver transplants and other large organ transplants. Its medical professionals have rich clinical experience in organ transplantation. Its website claims that the centre has one chief surgeon / professor, two associate chief surgeons / associate professors, and 3 staff members with intermediate professional titles. Among them, two hold PhD degrees, and two hold master’s degrees.

Geng Xiaoping, the hospital’s vice president and director of its organ transplant centre, studied liver transplantation at the Hannover Medical School in Germany and at the liver transplant centre of Hong Kong University. In 1998, he completed the first liver transplant in Anhui Province. In the same year, he conducted “research in clinical practice and applications of allogeneic liver transplantation,” which won second prize of the Anhui Science and Technology Progress Award and was the first application of a venous bypass in liver transplantation in China.1004

The general surgery department’s vice director Zhao Hongchuan studied under Professor Chen Guihua, a renowned expert in liver transplantation, for his PhD. Zhao studied clinical organ transplantation at Yale-New Haven Hospital and St. Josef Hospital of Ruhr University Bochum in Germany. He has successfully implemented a large number of transplants, including kidney, liver, liver-kidney and combined abdominal organ transplants.1005

The hospital’s organ transplant centre wrote in its hospitalization process, “Other than emergency liver transplants, the preparation time for elective liver transplants usually requires 1-4 weeks. The goal is to understand your physical condition and whether you have a contraindication for the procedure, but it is mainly dependent upon whether there is a matching donor.” This implies that the wait time for a donor for elective liver transplantation is between one and four weeks.1006

Organ transplant centre

The hospital’s website indicates that its liver transplant centre has 28 formal beds and features highly mature surgical skill and perioperative treatment. Let alone, it is suspicious that such a large scale transplant centre has only 28 beds, it further states that the centre had performed 23 total liver transplants of various types, as of May 2010.1007 This implies that, in the 13 years after 1998, the centre performed an average of fewer than two liver transplants a year, a figure that far from justifying its 28 beds and custom-developed follow-up management software. Furthermore, a liver transplant conference that the centre hosted in September 2011 was attended by more than 30 patients who had received liver transplants at this hospital.1008

According to the hospital’s website, to manage the follow-up work of the centre’s large volume of liver transplant patients, the centre’s director Geng Xiaoping instructed associate chief physician Zhao Yijun to design and work with Hefei Hengtong Software Development Company to develop the “Kangheng Medical Follow-Up Management System,” which entered clinical use in April 2012 and was granted a national patent (number 2012SR096297) that November.1009

The urological surgery department has 100 beds and 77 medical professionals, including 6 chief physicians, 6 associate chief physicians, and 12 PhDs and PhD candidates. The department has a dedicated kidney transplant team, which was one of the earliest groups in the province to begin conducting kidney transplants in the 1970s.1010

70.

Fujian Provincial Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

As the largest 3A general hospital in Fujian Province, it has 1,800 beds, 3 doctoral and 24 graduate specialties. Among its staff, over 200 hold senior professional titles, over 400 hold intermediate professional titles, and over 140 hold PhDs and master’s degrees.1011

Although the hospital is only certified to do kidney transplant, there is a price list on its website for an extensive number of other organ transplants (organ cost not included). 1012 They are:

  • Bone marrow transplantation: 7,000 RMB
  • Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: 7,000 RMB
  • Cord blood transplantation: 7,000 RMB
  • Keratoplasty: 3,000 RMB
  • Penetrating keratoplasty combined with cataract extraction: 3,000 RMB 1013
  • Lung transplantation: 22,500 RMB
  • Lung transplantation (bilateral): 28,000 RMB
  • Heart transplantation: 29,000 RMB
  • Heart-lung transplantation: 33,000 RMB
  • Carotid artery aneurysm resection and vascular graft: 5,000 RMB  1014
  • Liver transplantation: 25,000 RMB
  • Liver transplantation and re-transplant: 25,000 RMB
  • Pancreas transplantation: 15,000 RMB
  • Allogeneic kidney transplantation: 7,500 RMB  1015

The hepatobiliary surgery department has 96 beds and has over 3,500 patients annually. The actual bed occupancy rate is 100-130%. The chief surgeon Wang Yaodong went to the US to learn the liver transplant techniques and successfully performed the first liver-kidney transplant in Fujian Province in 2001.

Its Urological Surgery Department combines medical treatment, education, and research in one unit. It has the strongest comprehensive capability in the urological surgery field in Fujian Province. The department has 30 doctors, including 5 professors, 5 associate professors, 5 chief surgeons, and 5 attending surgeons. There are 150 beds. 1016

He Yanyu, director of the Urological Surgery Department, is also deputy director of the China Organ Transplantation Committee. He pioneered kidney and combined liver-kidney transplantation in Fujian Province.

Yan Maolin is a member of the Organ Transplantation Association, an affiliate organization of the Fujian Surgery Society. Yan specializes in liver transplantation and participated in writing Liver Transplantation with Living Donors.1017

74.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University

Regional level liver transplant centre

As the largest 3A general hospital in southwestern Fujian Province, this facility has 1,909 beds and over 1,700 professionals with intermediate and senior titles, including more than 600 staff who hold doctoral and master’s degrees.1018

Its Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery was established in 2003. Its annual surgical volume leads Fujian Province. It has accomplished many provincial firsts in organ transplantation. This department has successfully performed emergency liver transplants, and has actively developed multi-organ transplantation.1019

The department hired academicians Wu Mengchao, Huang Zhiqiang, Tang Zhaoyou, Zheng Shusen, and Liu Yunyi, as well as Professor Dong Jiahong and other leading experts in the field, as chief experts of its academic committee for hepatobiliary surgery. Meanwhile, it maintains close relationships with well-known hospitals in China, including the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital in Shanghai, the No. 301 Hospital in Beijing, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Fujian Provincial Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, and Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command. It has also established long-term training plans with the Oregon Health & Science University, the Southwest Medical Centre in Washington state, and the Mercy Medical Centre in Baltimore.1020

The department currently has 2 chief physicians/professors, 4 deputy chief physicians/associate professors, 3 attending physicians, a scholar holding a degree from overseas, 3 PhDs, and 6 members with master’s degrees. Its director Li Bin was the first academic and technical leader of organ transplantation in Xiamen. He studied at the Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine and Southwest Medical Centre in Washington state.

The hospital’s website no longer has information regarding liver transplants. However, we found some clues from early news reports.

On August 12, 2003, the Xiamen Evening News published a report titled “New Breakthrough at Xiamen First Hospital: Two Liver Transplants in One Day:” In the morning of August 12, the hospital simultaneously completed liver transplants for two patients. Li Bin, director of the vascular hepatopancreatobiliary surgery department, stated that if there are sufficient organ sources and recipients, they can perform three liver transplants in one day.  The hospital obtained two donors at the same time from the largest organ transplant centre in eastern China–the affiliated hospital of Zhejiang University. It also received technical support from academician Zheng Shusen. According to the report, the department had reached an organ sourcing and technology sharing agreement with the affiliated hospital of Zhejiang University. The affiliated Zhejiang hospital has a nationwide system of organ sources and basic research in key laboratories, both of which could be borrowed by the First Xiamen hospital.1021 However, it is apparent that its newly detached vascular hepatobiliary surgery department can in fact perform three liver transplants per day.

The hospital’s website stated in 2008 that its vascular hepatopancreatobiliary surgery department had completed more than 20 liver transplants in its first five years of operation, or 4 transplants per year.1022 However, since the department can carry out 3 transplants in a single day, it would have finished its entire year’s transplant volume in less than two days. The transplant numbers on its website are not compatible with the level of investment and number of personnel in the hospital.

77.

Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional level liver, kidney, pancreas, small intestine transplant centre

The hospital was established in 1897 and has 1,522 beds. Its staff includes 165 chief physicians, 261 associate chief physicians, 40 PhDs, 256 master’s degree holders, 4 doctoral advisors, and 84 master’s advisors.1023

Its organ transplant department started kidney transplants in 1994 and liver transplants in 2001. It has also performed heart, bone marrow, liver-kidney, liver-pancreas, and other types of transplants.1024 The hospital is well ahead of others in the province in the number of transplants performed, and it has reached a leading position in the nation.1025

The hospital formed a dedicated liver transplant team in 2001. It performed its first heart transplant in 2002. In 2005, the hospital officially established its organ transplant department, the first complete and standardized transplant department in the province. In 2006, it independently performed the province’s first combined liver-kidney transplant. In 2013, the department became a leading discipline at the hospital. Its “series of research in and clinical application of different forms of liver allografts” program won second prize of the Jiangxi Province Science and Technology Progress Award.1026 1027

On March 31, 2015, the transplant department successfully performed 6 transplant surgeries within 19 hours. Its website stated that it started the first liver transplant at 02:00 and the second one at 10:45; it started two more at 13:30 and another two at 17:00. All six surgeries were completed by 21:00.1028

In the week before January 30, 2014 (Chinese New Year), the department performed 12 transplants, including 4 liver and 8 kidney transplants. Included in the report was a photo of all of the patients in their beds.1029

Two weeks later, in the afternoon of February 14, the department consecutively performed one liver and two kidney transplants. The liver transplant patient was transferred from another hospital in a hepatic coma for an emergency transplant.1030 The surgery began immediately after this patient was transferred to this hospital,1031 indicating that the hospital has readily available liver sources.

The hospital’s website reported in 2013 that along with large-scale development of transplant surgeries, the transplant department would open a new ward and expand from 4 beds for transplant monitoring to 8 beds. This suggests that the department can perform up to 8 transplants simultaneously.1032

Li Xinchang, the director of the organ transplant department, is a member of the Kidney Transplantation Group of the Organ Transplantation Society, an affiliate of the Chinese Medical Association. He has performed kidney transplants for over 20 years. He also led a specialized team to perform liver, complicated liver-kidney, pancreas-kidney, and other types of transplants. He takes the lead in both transplant quantity and quality.1033

Luo Wenfeng, Long Chengmei, Luo Laibang, Zhang Youfu, Ding Limin, Shi Jun, Hu Guozhu, and many other doctors are involved in large numbers of liver and kidney transplants.

The Jiangxi Eye Bank is located in this hospital’s eye centre. Chief physician Cui Hua has performed over 500 cornea transplants.1034

78.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University

Regional level liver, kidney, pancreas, small intestine transplant centre

This is the most capable comprehensive hospital in Jiangxi Province. The facility has 3,200 beds, 29 personnel who receive special allowances from the State Council, 274 chief surgeons, and 159 PhDs.1035

As early as in 1991, the hospital became the first in the province to perform kidney transplants, followed by heart, liver, combined liver-kidney, combined pancreas-kidney, bone marrow, and cornea transplants. “To develop its transplant business, our hospital made a comprehensive effort in investing in human and material resources. It set up the first organ transplant centre in the province. This is the only hospital in Jiangxi Province with an independent organ transplant centre. Our organ transplant centre is the best and most completely equipped in the province.”1036

The hospital employs a large number of high-profile experts of different ages from within the province and the country for technical support. It plans to send full-time transplant-related personnel for different types of training. It also hired a transplant-centre director who has 16 years of clinical and research experience in transplantation and a PhD from overseas.

The hospital’s transplantation activities have also received support from government leaders. For example, Meng Jianzhu, former Jiangxi Provincial Party Secretary and current Party Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Central Political and Legal Affairs Committee, has historically supported this hospital’s transplantation activity. He personally played a matchmaking role in establishing a collaborative relationship between this hospital and the Shanghai Organ Transplant Centre (Shanghai General Hospital).

Within the first 4 months since its official opening, the centre acquired the capability to perform 6 vital-organ transplants in one day.

The centre has 31 transplant beds and 22 specialists, all of whom hold either PhDs or master’s degrees in transplantation or related fields. Two of them are chief surgeons and professors.

Professor Yan Yehong, director of the organ transplant department, received training in living-donor liver transplantation at Kyoto University of Japan. He received his PhD and clinical training in abdominal organ transplantation at the University of Leuven in Belgium. Upon his return to China, he started the clinical kidney transplant program in Hainan Provincial People’s Hospital, which has become a routine operation at the hospital. He later established the organ transplantation department at First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, where kidney transplants are now a routine operation. He has directed several research programs in transplantation and published a number of articles in core transplant journals in China and abroad. He also contributed his writing to a few core transplant books in the country.1037 The interviews (from before March 2006) regarding transplantation with Yan Yehong on the government news website jxnews.com.cn have since been deleted.

Professor Peng Guizu, deputy director of the organ transplant department, received training in liver transplantation from various hospitals in Hangzhou, Shanghai, and Beijing. He has independently completed a large number of liver transplants. Chief physician Xiao Jiansheng obtained his PhD in transplantation from the Institute of Organ Transplantation at Tongji Medical University. Chief physician Li Jianfeng received his master’s degree from the Organ Transplantation Centre of Shanghai Jiao Tong University and is also specialized in transplantation.1038

88.

Weifang People’s Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This hospital was founded in 1881 and is a non-directly affiliated hospital of Weifang Medical School. It has 2105 beds, 543 staff with associate senior professional titles or above, and 808 staff with doctorate and graduate degrees.1039

The hospital has made breakthroughs in stem cell transplantation and organ transplantation, and is advanced domestically in several major technology projects. 1040

Its Urologic Surgery Department is the largest and strongest diagnosis and treatment centre in Weifang City and the central Shandong region, and has carried out many kidney transplants. It currently has 72 beds, 19 doctors, including 5 Master’s advisors, 4 staff with PhDs, and 13 staff with Master’s degrees.

President and director of the department Lu Hongkai is a leader in the field of kidney transplantation. He began performing allogenic kidney transplants in 1996 and since then gained extensive experience in transplant surgery and postoperative patient management. He boasts a successful survival rate for transplant recipients. Liu is a member of the Shandong Organ Transplant Committee and a key member of the kidney transplantation research group.1041

He has undertaken projects for the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and several provincial projects in recent years, all of which were reported as successful in state reports. Over ten of his research projects have received scientific awards in Weifang City. He has published over 80 papers in China’s core journals on transplant issues, and advised over 20 master students. 1042

Liu Ludong, director of the urologic surgery department, claims that his kidney transplant success rate is high. He is a committee member of the transplantation sub-committee in both the Chinese Medical Association and the Chinese Doctors Association in Shandong Province. 1043

According to the hospital’s academic journal, from 1999 to 2006, the hospital attempted to improve liver procurements from “fresh corpses” and carried out 5 piggyback liver transplant surgeries, 4 classic liver transplant surgeries and 26 simulated experiments.1044

142.

Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional liver transplant centre

Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital is the provincial Red Cross Hospital and the affiliated People’s Hospital of Guiyang Medical University. It has 2,300 registered beds, 620 professionals with senior titles, 130 PhDs, 140 PhD and master’s advisors, and 38 provincial core experts, provincial experts, and experts who enjoy special government allowances.1045

The hospital completed its first liver transplant on August 6, 2004.1046 It also performed the first combined pancreatoduodenectomy and liver transplant in the province (second in the country).1047

Its hepatobiliary surgery department focuses development on liver transplantation as its key discipline. It can routinely carry out liver, pancreas, and other types of large-organ transplants. It established an academician workstation with Academician Zheng Shusen’s team at Zhejiang Medical University. This department has 150 beds. The department has one post-doctoral fellow, 6 PhDs, 16 members with master’s degrees, and 4 master’s advisors.1048

Huang Jianzhao, director of the hepatobiliary surgery department, was a post-doctorate researcher at the Tongji Medical College Transplant Research Centre for three years and a former student of Xia Suisheng, one of China’s transplantation pioneers. He has conducted many liver, pancreas, and small intestinal transplants, and participated in the first combined liver and intestinal transplant in Asia.1049 1050

Many surgeons at this hospital are liver transplant specialists. On August 6, 2004, Zhang Zhongmin, then deputy director of general surgery, completed the hospital’s first liver transplant.1051 Fan Wei, director of hepatobiliary surgery, also specializes in liver transplantation and has led or participated in liver, pancreas, small intestine, and other types of transplants.1052 The current director of gastroenterology, Zhang Zhongmin, is also a liver transplant expert.

This hospital is not certified to conduct kidney transplants, and its official website does not contain that subject. However, its 2016 medical service price list shows kidney transplants at 3,510 RMB (excluding organ and organ’s nephrectomy).1053

This hospital also is not certified to conduct heart or lung transplants. However, it received funding from the Guiyang municipal government in 2009 for research related to heart transplantation and cardiac allograft rejection.1054 This shows that the hospital had started to develop heart and lung transplants several years ago. In April to June of 2012, the hospital sent a three-person team to the Berlin Heart Centre to witness 300+ heart, lung, and combined heart-lung transplants. In August 2015, this hospital established a cardiac surgery centre at its branch hospital; the news report indicated that patients would undergo heart transplants there in the future.1055

The ophthalmology department started performing penetrating keratoplasty (cornea transplant) surgery in 2007. It currently performs the most cornea transplants in the province1056 and charges 1,118 RMB for each operation (penetration and keratoplasty, excluding donor).

133.

Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital

Regional level kidney organ transplant centre

Founded in 1952, this large, comprehensive 3A hospital is the only kidney transplant centre designated by the Ministry of Health for Hainan Province. It’s affiliated with Hainan Medical College, and is the appointed kidney transplant hospital by Hainan Province. It has 1,800 beds and 2,256 personnel, including 250 with senior titles, 12 PhDs, 130 master’s degree holders, and 18 national and provincial-level Outstanding Experts.1057

Its urologic surgery department began performing kidney and testicular transplants as early as in 1982. With abundant experience in kidney transplantation and medical personnel resources, it achieves nearly a 100% success rate in kidney transplantation.1058 It has 4 sets of kidney transplant surgery equipment and can conduct 4 kidney transplants simultaneously. Its medical team includes 3 senior professionals, 5 associate senior professionals, two PhDs, and one master’s degree holder. It currently has 42 beds.1059

The hospital’s president, Professor Xiao Jinzhu, completed the hospital’s first kidney allograft transplant in 1994.1060 He is a member of the Organ Transplant Committee of the Chinese Medical Association, and the Chairman of the Organ Transplant Committee of Hainan Province. He studied organ transplantation at Tongji Medical University in 1994, received training in urology in Singapore National University Hospital in 1997, and studied at the University of California in 2000. He has published 14 academic papers.1061 1062 The hospital also carries out bone marrow and stem cell transplants.

96.

Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

The hospital was established by the merger of the Zhengzhou Cardiovascular Disease Institute and Urology Medical Institute.

Its kidney transplant department was established in 1987 and performed kidney allografts relatively early in China. It claims that its quantity and quality of kidney transplants in the past 20 years ranks first in the province. In 2000, it completed the first combined liver-kidney and pancreas-kidney transplants. Between 2001 and 2002, it completed the first heart allograft in the province.1063

Its new hospital building went into operation in 2009. The first phase opened with 600 beds, including kidney transplantation and other specialist departments.1064

The department’s professional team has 38 members, including 2 chief surgeons, 8 attending physicians, and 5 master’s degree students.1065 It has 46 beds; in 2015, the utilization rate exceeded 130%.1066

According to the kidney transplant department’s website, “Since the establishment of our specialist department, we have conducted more than 2,000 kidney transplants. We have conducted 130 kidney transplants from living relatives.” 1067

According to an update published by the kidney transplant department on March 31, 2015:1068

“In 2014, our department completed over 50 kidney transplants, leading the entire province. Size of the department: there are 46 approved beds, but the number of patients is now usually maintained at 70 or more. The bed utilization rate exceeds 130%.”

The claimed transplant volume in this update does not make sense for the department’s bed count: with such a high bed utilization rate, 50 kidney transplants per year would require only 3 beds; with 46 beds with occupancy as high as 130%, a conservative estimate using a 20-day hospitalization period would show that 46 beds can accommodate over 1,000 cases. (annual capacity of beds = 46 * 1.3 * 365/20 = 1091)

The department’s academic discipline leader, Wang Changan, is a member of the Henan Organ Transplant Society and has participated in nearly 1,000 transplants. In 2000, Wang carried out the province’s first liver-kidney transplant. He has led many research projects and received many provincial and municipal science and technology progress awards.1069

Chief surgeon Han Lin of the department has also engaged in kidney transplantation for a long time. He is a member of the Henan Organ Transplant Society.1070

102.

Dongfeng General Hospital affiliated with Hubei University of Medicine

Regional level liver, kidney, pancreas and small intestine transplant centre

  • Types of transplants actually conducted:

Liver, kidney, breast, thyroid, cornea, parathyroid, bone marrow, and many other types of organ, tissue, and cell transplantation

  • Main departments involved:

Over 10 surgical departments and more than 100 surgeons have participated in kidney transplants.

Hepatobiliary Surgery Dep.

  • 10 liver transplant experts

Urologic Surgery Dep.

  • 80 beds
  • 15 kidney transplant experts

Breast Transplant Department

  • more than 40 beds
  • 3 chief physicians
  • 2 associate chief physicians,
  • 4 attending physicians
  • 3 residents

This is an affiliated hospital of a major motor company in Shiyan, a small industrial city in central China. It has 1,400 open beds, more than 200 senior professionals, more than 160 personnel who hold PhDs or Master’s degrees, more than 60 associate professors, and more than 30 Master’s advisors1071. It also serves as the clinical school of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and the teaching hospital of several other medical colleges.

In 1979, the hospital carried out the first kidney transplantation and the patient survived 4 years and 7 months, creating a precedent for industrial hospitals to carry out organ transplants. 1072 The hospital’s organ transplant works has had inputs of training and support from Tongji Medical College, which was one of the earliest and largest organ transplant research centre and clinics in China.

Business Card of Shiyan

The hospital is the only prefecture-level city hospital in Hubei Province accredited by the Ministry of Health to perform organ transplantation, and the only accredited organ transplant centre in the region of 26 million people. In less than ten years, the explosive growth in this hospital’s transplantation activities “caused the local economy to prosper,” “elevated the city’s reputation,” and gradually replaced the Dongfeng vehicle as the new “business card of Shiyan.”1073

In August 2000, Dongfeng General Hospital conducted 10 kidney transplants, one thyroid transplant, and 3 cornea transplants within the same day. It is known as the only hospital in northwestern Hubei capable of carrying out multiple types of organ transplants simultaneously.1074 In addition to the regular kidney transplants,1075 the hospital also performs liver, cornea, in situ parathyroid, bone marrow, and many other types of organ and tissue transplantation. In 2009, the hospital established an Organ Transplantation Research Centre.

All Hands on Deck

Yuan Fangjun, Deputy Director of the hospital, said in 2010 that kidney transplant had become a routine surgery and almost all their surgeons can independently complete a kidney transplant.1076 The hospital has over 10 surgical departments and more than 100 surgeons, he said.

How many transplants is the hospital performing to necessitate training almost all of its surgeons in the procedure?

Yuan’s statement has been corroborated by below example of the Breast Transplant Department.

Breast Transplant Department

The hospital has a breast transplant department with more than 40 beds, 3 chief physicians, 2 associate chief physicians, 4 attending physicians, and 3 residents.1077 These doctors’ web pages are no longer accessible.

According to an article dated December 29, 2010 on the hospital’s website, “Since 1978, Dongfeng General Hospital has completed a variety of more than 400 cases of organ transplants.”1078 However, in a report by Shiyan Evening News on November 27, 2010, Dr. Wei Jian, the hospital’s Organ Transplant Ward Director, said that he alone had completed almost 400 cases of organ transplants. 1079 Dr. Wei started to work in this hospital after graduating from medical college.

Another report by Shiyuan Evening News said by 2016 the hospital had completed 500 cases of organ transplants1080, which means from 2011 to 2015 the total number of organ transplant conducted is less than 100. This is likely another instance of lowballing the numbers, because the same report said the hospital completed a total of 75 transplants during 2014 and 2015.

109.

Chenzhou No.1 People’s Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

Chenzhou First People’s Hospital was founded in 1907. It is now affiliated with Southern Medical University and a few other universities. It has 2,823 open beds, 81 clinical departments, and 6 medical centres. Currently it has 3,118 employees, including 492 with intermediate or senior professional titles, 35 master’s advisors, one doctoral advisor, 38 professionals with PhDs in medicine, and 379 with master’s degrees in medicine.1081

The hospital has successfully performed heart, liver, kidney, bone marrow, and cornea transplants.1082 Its kidney transplant ranks among the top in Hunan Province. Its Hepatobiliary Surgery Department has performed many liver transplants.1083 The hospital’s heart transplantation is at an advanced level in the province.1084

In the past this hospital’s organ transplant information was publicly accessible. The hospital has now removed nearly all information about organ transplants from its website.

Below is sporadic information about the hospital remaining on various websites:

Chen Shanqun, head of the Urologic Surgery Department, was previously head of the hospital’s Transplant Blood Purification Centre. He is a member of the Hunan Province Organ Transplant Professional Committee. In 2004, he was named the academic lead of Chenzhou City in organ transplantation and awarded second prize of the Chenzhou City Science and Technology Progress Award.1085

In the afternoon of September 1, 2015, the 2015 Hunan Directors of Organ Transplantation Forum was held at Chenzhou First People’s Hospital. The forum was organized by the Hunan Province Medical Association’s Organ Transplant Professional Committee and the First People’s Hospital of Chenzhou City. Directors of organ transplantation from nine hospitals in the province all participated.1086 This reflects the influence the Chenzhou First People’s Hospital among the local organ transplantation community.

The hospital’s ophthalmology research project on “cryopreserved allogeneic cornea transplant treatment and cornea perforation clinical research” was awarded a municipal second prize, reflecting the maturity of its cornea transplantation capabilities.1087

A reader from mainland China wrote in a letter to Minghui.org, “One day in late-April 2004, I took a relative to the Opthalmology [sic] Division at the No.1 People’s Hospital in Binzhou City. When the doctor checked his eyes, he said: ‘You need a cornea transplant.’ My relative asked: ‘How much for the operation?’ The doctor said: ‘It will cost 7,000 yuan.’ He added: ‘You are really lucky, because we will have a cornea tomorrow.’ I asked: ‘Is it from a dead person, or someone else?’ He quickly replied to me: ‘It’s good anyway.’” 1088

91.

No. 401 Hospital of the Jinan Military Region

Regional level liver and kidney transplant centre

This is a teaching hospital for the People’s Liberation Army Second Military Medical University, Medical College of Qingdao University, Weifang Medical College, and Dalian Medical University. It has over 1,000 beds and close to 400 intermediate and senior technical staff. It claims that its liver and kidney transplantation is industry-leading both domestically and internationally.1089

Its Urologic Surgery Department began to carry out kidney transplant surgeries in 1988, and was the earliest facility in Qingdao to carry out kidney transplants. It performs the most kidney transplants and boasts the highest success rate in Qingdao. In November 2011, it had once completed 10 kidney transplantations in succession.1090 On September 25, 2003, it carried out its first liver transplant.1091

Yuan Weisheng, director of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the Liver Transplantation Centre, also serves as member of Hepatobiliary Surgery Professional Committee of the military, and the deputy director of the Qingdao Municipal Organ Transplant Professional Committee. He carried out Qingdao City’s first liver transplant in 2003 and first living donor liver transplant in 2008. He is very knowledgeable in liver transplant and has published over 30 research articles and obtained a military medical achievement prize.1092

Yang Shizhong, deputy chief physician of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department, associate professor, and master’s advisor, is a backbone in the field of liver transplantation. He has carried out various kinds of liver transplants.1093

94.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This is the largest comprehensive hospital of traditional Chinese medicine in Henan Province. It has 1,700 beds, one national medical master, 7 experts who have made national outstanding contributions, 20 well-known veteran doctors of traditional Chinese medicine, and 11 outstanding Henan provincial experts.1094

Kidney transplantation has become the hospital’s brand and signature service.1095 The kidney transplant department has a well-established management model for kidney transplantation.1096 It uses state-of-the-art perioperative examination methods and is capable of performing various types of cross-matching before transplantation, biopsy pathology for kidney transplantation, etc. In particular, the medical team combines traditional Chinese and western treatment methods, and thus minimizes the incidence of chronic allograft nephropathy to a large extent. Its advanced follow-up system improves long-term graft survival.1097

The kidney transplant department has 50 in-patient beds and over 30 medical professionals.

Chief surgeon Wang Guangce of the urologic surgery department is the vice chairman of the Henan organ transplant society. Wang started his engagement in kidney transplants at the Zhengzhou air force hospital (now People’s Liberation Army no. 153 hospital) in 1988. In 1993, he received further training in kidney transplantation at the Xinqiao hospital of the People’s Liberation Army third military medical university.1098  The website stated that Wang has experience in managing more than 1,400 kidney transplants.1099  in that case, why is his 2016 total 400 fewer than that of 2014?

In Wang’s July 2006 paper titled “discussing factors affecting kidney re-transplants (a report of 50 cases),” he analyzed 50 re-transplants out of his 810 kidney transplants. Among the 50 cases, 46 were second Transplants, 3 were third transplants, and one was a fourth transplant. Five of the cases were orthotopic re-transplants within 10 days of the original transplant operation. The duration between transplants and re-transplants among the 50 cases ranged between 2 hours and 8 years.1100

This indicates that, as of July 2006, Wang Guangce had performed at least 810 kidney transplants. In 5 such cases, a second kidney and its “donor” was found and transplanted within 10 days. In at least one case, another kidney was found within 2 hours. Thus behind the scenes, some individual transplant patients have taken the lives of 3-4 people, i.e. 3-4 “donors”.

The following year, Wang’s article titled “Effects and Influencing Factors of Second Kidney Transplants” included one case in which the first transplant led to a severe rejection response. The transplanted kidney was then removed, and, within two hours, a second kidney from the same donor was transplanted in its place.1101

This indicates that the donor was located near the surgery location, waiting to have the second kidney extracted. In addition, the donor must have been living in order to guarantee warm ischemia times within the prescribed time limits (the organ must be removed and filled with perfusion fluid before blood coagulates).

87.

Tai’an City Central Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

The hospital has 1,926 beds, 439 staff with senior professional titles, 85 postdoctoral fellows and PhD students, and 697 master’s students.1102 It has developed new technologies in liver, kidney, pancreas-kidney, bone marrow, stem cell, and other types of transplantation.1103

Its Urologic Surgery Department established a professional kidney transplant team, which has performed routine kidney transplants since 1993. It began to perform pancreas-kidney transplants in 2005, filling a gap in Shandong Province.1104 In September 2002, the hospital carried out its first liver transplant. It took only one month from the diagnosis to finishing the liver transplant. 1105 The hospital has also successfully conducted bone marrow transplantation. 1106

Zhao Yongwei, director of the Urologic Surgery Department, carried out the hospital’s first liver transplant and the first kidney transplant. He was the first in the province to perform HLA typing. He has carried out nearly 400 kidney transplants for uremia patients and successfully performed a double-kidney sequential transplant, which was a breakthrough for highly sensitive patients. He has published more than 30 papers, edited or participated in the editing of 4 books, and has been granted two patents for his inventions.1107

Its ophthalmology department was the first in the city to perform cornea transplants, and built the first standardized eye bank in southwestern Shandong Province.1108

110.

Yiyang Central Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

Established in 1906 and formerly known as the Lutheran Church Hospital, Yiyang Central Hospital now serves as the clinical school of Xiangya School of Medicine. It employs 60 personnel with senior professional titles, 195 with associate senior titles, 42 master’s degree holders, one PhD, and 4 experts who receive special allowances from the State Council. 1109

In 2000, this hospital became the first in the province to start performing kidney transplants.1110 In 2004, it established a kidney transplant centre with independent wards. The centre’s success rate of 99.6% is at an advanced level domestically. In 2009, it scored among the top ten in the CSRKT ranking.1111

Facing demand growing by the day, the hospital increased its investment in equipment and facilities and is currently constructing a new 25-story surgical building.1112

The centre claims to collaborate with the People’s Liberation Army General Hospital and the kidney transplant centre affiliated with the First Military Medical university.1113 The centre’s mandate states, “We select the best kidneys. We perform overall examinations of the donor kidneys to ensure that the best-quality matching kidneys are chosen. Patient treatment costs charged are lower than the standard of other hospitals within and outside of the province.”1114

The centre currently has 7 surgeons/physicians, 12 nurses, and one technician, including 5 members with senior titles, 4 with intermediate titles, and 3 with master’s degrees.1115

Its director, Ding Shouning, was selected for the National Committee of Chinese Dialysis and Transplantation Society in 2014.1116

The centre’s website does not contain bed count information. Its “expert profiles” section lists only associate chief physician Ding Shouning, whose profile is blank.1117

101.

Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University

Regional level liver and kidney transplant centre, specializes in transplants from donations after cardiac death (DCD)

Affiliated with Wuhan University, Zhongnan Hospital has a capacity of 3,300 beds and has attracted many renowned doctors. It has more than 500 staff members with senior professional titles. Among them, 51 are doctoral advisors, 195 are master’s advisors, and 21 are eligible for discretionary government allowances from the State Council. The hospital has a key laboratory to serve transplant medical technology in Hubei Province.1118 1119

In 2006, former French President Jacques Chirac laid the first stone of the Liver and Gallbladder Disease Research Institute, which was formally established at Zhongnan Hospital in 2007. The institute’s medical centre specializes in liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, portal hypertension, abdominal surgery and minimally invasive surgery. The hepatobiliary surgery department and transplant surgery department performs conventional liver, kidney, pancreas, small intestine, combined kidney and liver, allogeneic liver cell, spleen cell, and islet cell transplantation. It claims that its total transplant volume ranks sixth in the country. The clinical department (including liver gallbladder and transplant surgery), a subdivision, has a top-grade ward and laminar-flow operating rooms and an ICU. It has more than 150 specialist beds and 10 ICU beds. 3

The institute named former president of The Transplantation Society Jeremy R. Chapman, and former president of Transplantation Society of Australia and New Zealand Philip O’Connell, as honorary professors. The team has successfully launched 23 new technologies and new businesses. It has received more than 10 national and provincial science and technology awards and more than RMB 10 million in research funding. It has published more than 10 SCI papers and held numerous international and national conferences. 1120

Vice President Ye Qifa is currently the director of the Ministry of Health’s Transplantation Medicine Engineering Research Centre and the chairman of its technical committee. He was formerly the head of surgery in an important Ministry of Education organ transplantation laboratory and the first surgeon in China to implement a variety of new techniques in liver transplantation. Ye is an innovator in liver transplantation surgical method in China, and was known to have made many national “firsts.” He studied abdominal surgery and transplantation at Heidelberg University, University of Bonn and University of Rostock in Germany from 1989 to 1994. He has received more than 20 national funding projects and over 10 national and provincial science and technology awards. He has edited/co-edited more than 10 books, and published more than 300 papers.56 Ye has also now mentored more than 80 master’s and PhD students.1121

This hospital became the first unit approved by the Ministry of Health to perform transplants using donations after cardiac death (DCD). Ye Qifa was one of the most important proponents of the Chinese DCD operations, of which his team has performed the most. Huang Jiefu called this team the domestic icon of the DCD field.1122

According to a report from www.cnhubei.com dated July 9, 2015, a 26-year-old man was diagnosed with a rare disease called “TTR amyloidosis” at Nanjing General Hospital in May 2015. The only treatment was liver transplant. The report stated Zhongnan Hospital found a matching donor 1123 which enabled Ye Qifa to perform transplant surgery for this patient on June 15—less than a week later.1124 The report didn’t indicate how the hospital found a donor in such a short period of time, nor provide any information on the donor’s identity.

160.

Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional level liver transplant centre

This provincial-level, comprehensive 3A hospital has 1,500 registered beds, 1,800 open beds, and 909 personnel with intermediate and senior professional titles. Among them, 30 are provincial-level leaders of academic disciplines and 49 are doctoral or master’s advisors.1125

The hospital’s general surgery department carried out the first piggyback liver transplant in the province.1126 It has 14 chief and associate chief physicians, 62 professional nurses, and 114 beds.1127

Its urologic surgery department is a provincial key discipline and started performing kidney transplants in 1982.1128 It has 5 chief or associate chief surgeons/physicians, 19 nursing professionals and technical personnel, and one deputy director of nursing. The department has 43 beds.1129

The general surgery department led the province in launching piggyback liver transplantation and takes on primary responsibility for technological innovation in the province. In recent years, it has undertaken programs such as “liver grafts clinical research of organ transplant applications in Qinghai,” which is led by the Qinghai Science and Technology Department. The department has published hundreds of articles.1130

142.

Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional level liver transplant centre

Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital is the provincial Red Cross Hospital and the affiliated People’s Hospital of Guiyang Medical University. It has 2,300 registered beds, 538 professionals with senior titles, 125 PhDs, 122 PhD and master’s advisors, and 36 provincial core experts, provincial experts, and experts who enjoy special government allowances.1131

The hospital completed its first liver transplant on August 6, 2004.1132 It also performed the first combined pancreatoduodenectomy and liver transplant in the province (second in the country).1133

Its hepatobiliary surgery department focuses development on liver transplantation as its key discipline. It can routinely carry out liver, pancreas, and other types of large-organ transplants. It established an academician workstation with Academician Zheng Shusen’s team at Zhejiang Medical University. This department has 150 beds. The department has one post-doctoral fellow, 6 PhDs, 16 members with master’s degrees, and 4 master’s advisors.1134

Huang Jianzhao, director of the hepatobiliary surgery department, was a post-doctorate researcher at the Tongji Medical College Transplant Research Centre for three years and a former student of Xia Suisheng, one of China’s transplantation pioneers. He has conducted many liver, pancreas, and small intestinal transplants, and participated in the first combined liver and intestinal transplant in Asia.1135 1136

Many surgeons at this hospital are liver transplant specialists. On August 6, 2004, Zhang Zhongmin, then deputy director of general surgery, completed the hospital’s first liver transplant.1137 Fan Wei, director of hepatobiliary surgery, also specializes in liver transplantation and has led or participated in liver, pancreas, small intestine, and other types of transplants.1138 The current director of gastroenterology, Zhang Zhongmin, is also a liver transplant expert.

This hospital is not certified to conduct kidney transplants, and its official website does not contain that subject. However, its 2016 medical service price list shows kidney transplants at 3,510 RMB (excluding organ and organ’s nephrectomy).1139

This hospital also is not certified to conduct heart or lung transplants. However, it received funding from the Guiyang municipal government in 2009 for research related to heart transplantation and cardiac allograft rejection.1140 This shows that the hospital had started to develop heart and lung transplants several years ago. In April to June of 2012, the hospital sent a three-person team to the Berlin Heart Centre to witness 300+ heart, lung, and combined heart-lung transplants. In August 2015, this hospital established a cardiac surgery centre at its branch hospital; the news report indicated that patients would undergo heart transplants there in the future.1141

The ophthalmology department started performing penetrating keratoplasty (cornea transplant) surgery in 2007. It currently performs the most cornea transplants in the province1142 and charges 1,118 RMB for each operation (penetration and keratoplasty, excluding donor).

167.

No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region

Regional level kidney transplant centre

Formerly the Urumqi Air Force Hospital, this facility has 800 beds, 220 intermediate and senior professional personnel, one postdoctoral fellow research station, and 3 master’s programs. It has 7 master’s advisors, 4 PhD students, and 46 master’s students.1143

In March 2007, the Organ Transplantation Blood Purification Centre of Lanzhou Military Command was formally established. It actively carries out kidney transplants and can complete 12 kidney transplants at once. Its kidney transplantation has reached an advanced level nationwide and takes the absolute lead in Xinjiang.1144

Its Organ Transplantation Blood Purification Centre has 62 open beds and 12 intensive care beds dedicated to transplantation. The utilization rate of these beds exceeds 110%. The centre has 4 chief and associate chief physicians, 5 attending physicians, 3 staff members with PhDs or master’s degrees, 1 PhD student, and 2 master’s students.1145

Its department of ophthalmology was designated a “PLA Ophthalmology Centre” by the Department of Health of the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department. It serves as an education base for the PLA’s ophthalmology departments and provides medical care, education, and research. It has a group of skilled medical experts and advanced equipment. The department has 260 inpatient beds and carries out over 18,000 surgeries annually, including cornea transplants and other major eye surgeries. Its high-risk cornea transplantation work has reached an advanced level domestically and internationally.1146

Chief surgeon Li Lin was one of the earliest doctors in the military to carry out cornea transplants. He has completed more than 1,000 such transplants.1147 Associate chief surgeon Li Baojiang has also carried out lamellar keratoplasty, penetrating keratoplasty, and amniotic membrane transplantation.1148

132.

Hainan General Hospital

Regional level liver/heart/ lung transplant centre

Founded in 1881, its predecessor was the church hospital called Haikou Gospel Hospital.  It was the first post-doctoral research station in the Hainan health system. As a non-directly-affiliated hospital of the University of South China and Hainan Medical University, the hospital undertakes integrated undergraduate education and recruits master’s and PhD students. It operates the training centre for national-level general practitioners in Hainan Province. It has close to 800 interns and nearly 100 postgraduates. In the last 4 years, it undertook 24 national research projects and 83 provincial and ministerial research projects, published 2,281 articles collected by SCI, and edited 13 monographs.

It has 2,700 beds and 4,063 staff, including 721 senior technical staff and 615 staff with PhD and master’s degrees.1149

Its Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery is the largest clinical base and research centre for hepatobiliary, pancreatic, and splenic organ transplantation in Hainan Province. It has 75 beds and an independent SICU (Surgical Intensive Care Unit) with 9 beds. Its 45-member medical team includes 6 chief surgeons/physicians, 4 associate chief surgeons/physicians, 4 staff with PhDs, 9 with graduate degrees, one PhD advisor, and 2 graduate advisors. Several doctors in the department studied and trained at renowned medical schools in the United States and Canada. The department undertakes one major project supported by National Key Technology Research and Development Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, 3 projects for the National Natural Science Foundation, and more than 10 provincial and ministry-level research projects.1150

Li Zhuori, president of the hospital and an expert in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, quickly led the hospital’s liver transplant capabilities to reach an advanced level domestically.1151 He has published 60 articles in SCI and other journals, edited 2 hepatobiliary surgery monographs, and coedited 3 monographs. He has trained 19 graduate students and one PhD student.1152

In the evening of January 9, 2015, Li performed surgery for Zheng Nansheng, who had been hospitalized the previous day for a massive hemorrhage of the upper digestive tract, hemorrhagic shock, and severe hepatic coma. On April 1, the patient had another massive hemorrhage of the upper digestive tract. On April 22, the hospital formed a 15-member organ transplant team and successfully performed a second liver transplant for the patient under the guidance of an expert from the Zhongshan School of Medicine at Sun Yat-sen University.1153

134.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University

Regional level kidney, liver, pancreas, small intestine transplant centre

The hospital was established by the Shanghai First Medical College (now affiliated with Fudan University) with the most advanced equipment and technology. It is a large-scale, comprehensive teaching hospital with 3,200 beds and sees patients both from throughout China and overseas. It is surrounded by 21 teaching and 75 advising hospitals.1154

Chongqing Organ Transplant Centre is part of this hospital and covers multiple disciplines. The hospital started performing cornea transplants in the 1960s1155 and kidney transplants in 1981. It performed its first parathyroid gland transplant in 2000 and first successful liver transplant in 2001. It began to develop allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants in October 2005.1156 In 2009, it established the largest stem cell transplant unit in the city.1157

The hospital’s website published a list titled “Chongqing City Medical Service Prices (Trial),” issued on March 26, 2004 by the Chongqing Pricing Bureau and the Chongqing Health Bureau.

The list includes a full range of organ, tissue, and cell transplants. These prices are per operation, cover the transplant surgery only, and exclude the organ and procurement costs: 1158

  • Cornea transplant 1,100 RMB/operation
  • Simultaneous penetrating keratoplasty (PK), cataract removal and intraocular lens implantation (triple procedure) 1,500 RMB/operation
  • Lung transplant (excluding donor and storage/transportation) 5,000 RMB/operation
  • Lung resection 1,900 RMB/operation
  • Heart transplant 5,000 RMB/operation
  • Heart and lung transplant 6,500 RMB/operation
  • Kidney transplant 2,800 RMB/operation
  • Spleen transplant 2,200 RMB/operation
  • Small intestine transplant 3,000 RMB/operation
  • Pancreas transplant 5,000 RMB/operation
  • Bone graft 650 RMB/operation
  • Liver transplant 1,500 RMB/operation
  • Transplanted liver resection + new transplant 16,000 RMB/operation
  • Combined organ transplant 17,000 RMB/operation
  • Bone marrow transplant 2,700 RMB/operation
  • Peripheral blood stem cell transplant 2,800 RMB/operation

Its hepatobiliary surgery department is a national key clinical discipline and serves as the Chongqing Organ Transplant Centre, with accredited programs for graduate and PhD degrees. Its medical team includes 6 professors, 8 associate professors, and 14 PhDs, half of whom have received professional training abroad. The department has 150 beds.1159

The department’s director, Du Chengyou, is very knowledgeable in liver transplantation and other areas, and has superb surgical skills. He received his PhD from the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at West China Medical University (now Sichuan Medical University) and studied anti-rejection drugs at AstaTech Inc. in the U.S. He also studied liver transplantation at the University of Strasbourg in France and the Affiliated Hospital of Kyoto University in Japan.1160

Chief surgeon Wu Zhongjun specializes in liver resection, repair, transplantation, and prevention of post-transplantation complications. He started his career in October 2005 after receiving a clinical postdoctoral degree from Zhejiang University. From September 2008 to June of 2009, he was a visiting scholar at Université de Toulouse Liver Transplant Centre in France.

Associate chief surgeon Huang Ping has also been heavily involved in liver transplants. He received his doctorate in surgery from Chongqing Medical University and undertook research and study at the Huazhong University of Science & Technology Tongji Hospital Transplant Research Centre. He was a senior visiting scholar at Hong Kong University Queen Mary Hospital’s hepatobiliary surgery department under Professor Sheung Tat Fan. He also pursued further study and research at the University of Strasbourg hepatobiliary surgery department and organ transplant centre in France.1161

The website for the hospital’s Department of General Surgery official website claims that it has performed 132 liver transplants since 2001.1162 However, Du Chengyou wrote in his thesis that the research was targeting 10 patients who suffered biliary complications among the 140 liver transplant patients at the organ transplant centre between January and March of 2005. This means that from January to March of 2005, this centre performed 140 liver transplants, which is greater than the 15-year total on the official website.1163

The urologic surgery department carried out the first allogeneic kidney transplant in Chongqing and serves as the Chongqing Kidney Transplant Centre. The department has 8 senior staff, 10 associate senior staff, 2 PhD advisors, 12 graduate advisors,67 nurses, 3 in-patient wards, and 156 beds. The department’s website does not provide any statistics regarding its volume of kidney transplants.1164

Its ophthalmology department began conducting cornea transplants in the 1960s and administratively hosts the Chongqing Eye Bank. It ranks among the top in the country for cornea transplant volume and for the most donor corneas received.1165

139.

Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional level liver, kidney, pancreas and small intestine transplant centre

In 2002, Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital merged with the Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences to form the current Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital. It currently has 6,455 staff members, including 866 senior specialists. This hospital currently has 4,300 beds.1166

The hospital operates a clinical transplant centre that integrates many kinds of organ and cell transplants. It was established in March 2007 and ranked 28th among more than 160 organ transplant centres across the country in 2009.1167

It has carried out clinical liver, kidney, small intestine, pancreas, combined pancreas-kidney, combined liver-intestinal, and other types of transplants. In June 2009, it opened the first and only organ transplant specialist outpatient clinic in the province. It has over 100 beds, and the vast majority of its doctors hold PhD degrees.1168

Deng, Shaoping, an academic leader in the field, has been engaged in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery for 29 years. Deng had researched clinical medicine and basic organ transplantation for a long time in well-known universities in Europe and the U.S. He has developed advanced techniques in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery and organ and cell transplantation, especially in the research of islet xenotransplantation.1169

Yang Hongji, the director of the Organ Transplant Centre, has won multiple awards from the World Transplant Congress. Yang is a xenotransplantation expert with rich experience in clinical combined pancreas-kidney, liver-intestinal, and living-donor liver transplantation, as well as pediatric split-liver transplantation. He has trained a group of young transplant doctors.1170

Huang Xiaolun, a master’s advisor at Southwest Jiaotong University and deputy director of the Organ Transplant Research Institute, had studied under Huang Jiefu. He worked in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery in the transplant surgery division at the University of Virginia Hospital in the U.S. from July 2006 to February 2010, and served as the director of the cell transplant program. He returned to China in March 2010 and is currently Chairman of the Sichuan Society of the Immunological Organ Transplantation Committee.1171

86.

Liaocheng People’s Hospital

Regional level liver transplant centre

This is a provincial regional medical centre and has over 800 senior technical personnel and over 1,500 staff with doctoral and graduate degrees. It has 3,200 beds.1172

In August 2003, the hospital successfully carried out Liaocheng City’s first liver transplant. It has since begun carrying out routine allogeneic orthotopic liver transplants. Its Hepatobiliary Surgery Department currently has one chief surgeon, 3 associate chief surgeons, 1 PhD, 3 PhD students, and 3 members with master’s degrees. It has 43 beds.1173

In 2003, the hospital’s cardiac surgery department was the first among municipal-level hospitals in Shandong Province to develop heart transplant surgery, and successfully carried out 4 heart transplants consecutively. In 2004, it performed China’s first single-lung transplant.1174 In October 2005, it carried out three transplants – heart, liver, and kidney–all in one day.1175

Ma Zengshan, the director of the cardiac surgery department, performed the region’s first heart transplant on May 23, 2003, the first allogeneic right lung transplant, and China’s first single-lung transplant combined with an atrial septal defect repair. He studied at heart centres in Lyon, Berlin, Humboldt University, Toronto, Minnesota, and other places.1176

In the 20 days between January 18 and February 8, 2007, the hospital performed 6 transplants, including 2 orthotopic heart allografts, 3 liver allografts, and one kidney transplant.1177

On April 10, 2008, head nurse Zhang Chunyan shared on the hospital’s website, “Our cardiac surgery department’s nurses, while performing our duties during routine heart surgeries, are also responsible for postoperative care for heart, liver, kidney, and lung transplants.” “During transplants, because of special aspects of the donor organs, we often need to do heart, liver, and kidney transplants simultaneously. This increased our workload more than ten-fold. Every person is overloaded with work every day and put in multiple times the effort.” This indicates that the department extracts the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, and other organs at the same time from one donor. Multiple transplant surgeries involving multiple types of organs are performed.

She included one example: “In October 2005, we performed heart, liver, and kidney transplants in one day. This was a major test for us.” The team first carried out the heart transplant, followed by kidney and then liver.

She stated, “In over a month [October 2005], we did postoperative work for 3 heart, 5 liver, and 6 kidney transplants.”1178

Based on the above, the hospital has performed 6 known heart transplants: the first one on May 23, 2003, three in October 2005, and one between January 18 and February 8, 2007. However, the hospital’s website claims that it has performed only 4 heart transplants.1179 We find that the figure from the media report and Zhang Chunyan has already exceeded the website’s number by 50%.

124.

The People’s Liberation Army No. 458 Hospital

(The Air Force Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command)
Regional level liver and kidney transplant centre

The hospital includes a key specialty centre, a People’s Liberation Army laboratory, and one of the largest transplant centres in southern China. It was one of the earliest in China to conduct kidney transplants and began performing liver transplants in 2004.1180 1181

Its liver transplant centre has 108 beds and can simultaneously carry out two liver transplants and one regular surgery. Patient rooms are well-equipped with amenities, including air conditioning, televisions, telephones, central gas, intercoms, refrigerators, and microwaves. The centre also has five “presidential suites” with high-speed internet access.1182

Yu Zhouyao is a former vice president of the People’s Liberation Army No. 458 Hospital, vice director of the People’s Liberation Army Liver Disease Research Institute, a high-level Air Force official, and an adjunct professor at Southern Medical University. He led a team of specialists to perform the hospital’s first orthotopic liver transplant.1183

This department has one chief surgeon, 3 associate chief surgeons, 2 staff members with PhDs, and 3 with master’s degrees.1184

Its website states, “Our hospital is one of the medical units qualified for liver transplants as designated by the Ministry of Health. Guangdong currently has five medical organizations qualified to perform liver transplants. [We] have very rich clinical experience in liver transplantation. Our hospital’s liver transplant surgery department has completed around 150 liver transplants; each year, more than 20 liver transplants are completed here.” 1185 In 2006, a Lifeweek report titled “Medical Stories Behind the Lens” featured a segment regarding liver transplants at this hospital:1186

On September 28, 2006, Dr. Sun Ningdong of the People’s Liberation Army 458 Hospital’s hepatobiliary surgery department hosted his first photography exhibition. Sun was most proud of one photo that had won many photography awards, “It’s Again the Dead of Night.” That was a scene of the hospital’s first liver transplant: “At that time, this surgery had already lasted 6 hours at night. Some people were dozing off, and some were moving. If you magnify it, you can see the eyes of the lead surgeon–they are really bright.” The 458 Hospital has now performed over 140 liver transplants…

This report shows that in the two years after its first liver transplant in 2004, this hospital carried out more than 140 liver transplants. Twelve years later, however, its total number of liver transplants has not grown on paper.

If this were really the case, the hospital could not have maintained its certification by the Ministry of Health. The hospital also self-reported doing 20 liver transplants each year (the minimum requirement to maintain its Ministry approval). Based on this number, by 2016 it should have performed nearly 400 liver transplants. Using a conservative figure of 70 cases per year from the media report, it would have accumulated nearly 1,000 liver transplants to date. Based on the hospital’s ability to carry out two transplants simultaneously, if we assume that each operating room is used only once per day (otherwise, only one operating room for liver transplants would suffice), it would have performed 800 per year, or 10,000 to date. We estimate that the hospital’s public numbers represent about 1/70 of its actual liver transplant volume.

Kidney transplantation is a traditional program of the hospital’s urologic surgery department. “Since our department carried out its first kidney transplant in the early 1990s, it has helped many uremia patients attain new lives. Our department, along with the dialysis centre and the liver disease centre, collaborated to develop an abdominal organ transplant program, enabling our hospital’s transplant skill to grow quickly and become one of the large-scale organ transplant centres in southern China.”1187

The hospital’s kidney transplant department is a key development area and can routinely provide various types of kidney and stem cell transplants. It integrates traditional Chinese and Western medicine to treat chronic transplant kidney disease. Over years of development focusing on kidney transplants, it has formed specialties in blood purification, stem cell transplants, and multi-organ transplants.1188

The department has an independent ward with 35 regular beds and 4 ICU beds. Patient rooms are bright and spacious, with air conditioning, central gas, central paging, and cable television. The department has 20 medical personnel, including 7 physicians with senior and intermediate titles and 4 with master’s degrees. On average, they have more than 10 years of clinical experience in urologic surgery.

Yet, this “large-scale transplant centre in southern China” declares that it performs only more than 50 kidney transplants annually. This kind of volume would require fewer than 4 beds. Based on its public kidney transplant volume being 2.5 times that of its liver transplants, it is very possible that its actual number of kidney transplants is proportional to that of its liver transplants, in which case its actual kidney transplant volume may be nearly 2,000 per year.

An insider reported, “From 2003 to 2004, there were 5 to 10 kidneys shipped to the hospital every 2 to 3 days on average, usually at midnight and escorted by armed plainclothes policemen. Every few days, the plainclothes officers took away large amounts of cash. Most of the kidney recipients were foreigners.”1189

The hospital had enough cornea supplies not only to provide for itself but also to supply other hospitals. On May 15, 2011, the director of the ophthalmology department, Jing Lianxi, visited Purei Eye Hospital in Shanghai and promised to provide Purei with a stable supply of high-quality cornea transplant material.1190

127.

The People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Regional level heart and lung transplant centre

This is a large, comprehensive provincial 3A hospital and medical centre in Guangxi Province. Its main campus (excluding the branch) has 3,742 staff, including 545 with senior titles and 745 with PhDs and master’s degrees. The hospital has 1,896 open beds.1191

The hospital’s website states that its techniques for various types of organ transplants have matured. It has conducted heart, liver, kidney, cornea and other types of transplants since the early 1990s. The cardiothoracic surgery department’s continuous beating heart direct observation technique is advanced both domestically and internationally. The hepatobiliary surgery department has conducted liver transplants since the beginning of 2000; its capabilities have since matured. The urology department has conducted allogeneic kidney transplants since 1991. Transplantation has become a main treatment option for end-stage kidney diseases at this hospital, whose capabilities are advanced both domestically and internationally. Its ophthalmology department had performed hundreds of cornea transplants by 1992.1192

Lin Hui, director of the cardiothoracic surgery department and executive vice president of the hospital, began to conduct heart transplants in 2001. He, Pan Yuchen from People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital, and other experts performed experiments and clinical applications in heart transplantation. They applied a partially continuous beating technique (extending the heartbeat while excising the heart from the donor, in order to keep the organ fresh for a longer period of time) to orthotopic heart transplants for 34 patients. The technique is advanced internationally and received a provincial science and technology progress award in 2013. It has been applied in other hospitals, including Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Guangdong General Hospital of Zhongshan, Dalian City Central Hospital, Liuzhou City Workers Hospital, etc.1193

The centre has 20 doctors, including 5 with senior titles, 5 with associate senior titles, 4 with intermediate titles, one who studied abroad, one doctoral advisor, 3 master’s advisors, 4 PhDs, and 14 with master’s degrees. It has 46 beds and 15 intensive care beds. The German Heart Centre (Berlin) has established a training base at the hospital.1194

Its urologic surgery department has conducted allogeneic kidney transplants since the beginning of 1990. Its success rate is at the forefront of the nation, and kidney transplantation has now become a routine procedure for the department.1195

According to the website of the hepatic department, it successfully completed its first allogeneic liver transplant in 2004.1196 Its director Liu Tianqi had studied at a hospital affiliated with the University of Sydney and the Australian National Liver Transplantation Unit. Liu studied under renowned hepatic and splenic surgery specialists, including academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and specialists abroad.

The hospital’s ophthalmology department also carries out a large volume of cornea transplants.1197

145.

First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province

Regional level liver and lung transplant centre

This provincial comprehensive hospital has 2,145 open beds, more than 600 senior specialists, 62 experts recognized for “outstanding contributions,” 143 master’s and PhD advisors, and 403 staff with master’s and PhD degrees.1198

The hospital has reached an advanced level both nationwide and in Yunnan Province in the field of organ transplantation. It successfully completed the world’s first pediatric heterotopic liver transplant (the donor liver was partially cut to reduce the liver volume and was implanted in the spleen nest). It also conducted the first allogeneic hand transplant in southwestern China.1199

Its organ transplant centre includes a kidney transplant team and a liver transplant team. It has 2 professors, 3 associate professors, and 3 members with PhDs in medicine.

The hospital’s website has deleted the introduction to its organ transplantation department. Based on a version saved on transplantation.org.cn on January 9, 2014, the hospital claimed to have conducted 18 liver transplants between April 2005 and February 2014, and 21 liver transplants to date.1200

However, we found a liver transplant study published by one of its doctors, for which the patient sample size was six times the number of transplants that the hospital had claimed. These samples were only a small portion of a large number of transplants that met the study criteria. Therefore, the hospital’s actual number of liver transplants is most likely well above the figure of six times the official number.

For example, Mo Yiwo, current director of the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, published a study that he conducted on eight piggyback orthotopic liver transplants between August 2000 and July 2002 (23 months).1201 Another doctor from the hospital published a paper about lung infections in 55 orthotopic liver transplant patients between April 2005 and May 2007.1202 Zeng Zhong, deputy director of the transplantation centre, published a paper about biliary reconstruction of 55 orthotopic liver transplant patients between April 2005 and March 2007.1203 Another paper randomly selected 12 orthotopic liver transplant patients who underwent the surgery at the hospital between 2007 and 2009.1204

The team performed liver transplants for three patients simultaneously on June 24, 2005. Its total number of liver transplants performed puts it at a leading position in Yunnan Province.1205 Chen Mingqing, the president of the hospital who passed away in 2012, studied liver transplantation at the University of Colorado Hospital Transplant Centre in the U.S. and the Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong.1206

The kidney transplant team performed its first kidney allograft in 1983. Professor Ma Chaolong has 29 years of clinical experience in urologic surgery and kidney transplantation. He studied kidney transplantation at the University of Colorado in the U.S. between March 1998 and June 1999.1207

The online profile of the hospital’s transplantation department states that it has conducted 41 kidney transplants since 1983, including 17 with living relative donors.1208

However, doctors at the hospital published a study in 2008 based on 50 “living relative-donor kidney transplants” between February 2002 and May 2008.1209

Based on this number, in the six-year period between 2002 and 2008, the number of “living relative-donor kidney transplants” is three times the hospital’s total claim for the 33-year period. Another study was based on a sample of 18 out of 84 kidney transplants.1210 From these fragments, one can see that its publically advertised transplant volume has been severely deflated.

The hospital’s cardiothoracic surgery department is the only qualified lung transplant unit in Yunnan Province. It conducted the first allogenic lung transplant in the province in 2005 and won a provincial science and technology progress award. It also performed an allogeneic heart transplant in the same year.1211 The department continuously sends its experts to study at famous heart and lung centres in the United States, Germany, Russia, Beijing Fu Wai Hospital, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Guangzhou Heart Research Institute, etc.1212 The department has 83 beds, including 12 ICU beds, and 6 medical professionals who studied abroad, 4 professors and chief physicians, and 6 associate chief physicians.

129.

Ruikang Hospital Affiliated with Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine

Regional level kidney transplant centre

The hospital is one of the three largest in China that integrates traditional Chinese and Western medicine. It has 1,961 staff, including 81 professors and chief surgeons/physicians, 168 associate professors and associate chief surgeons/physicians, 67 with PhDs, over 400 staff with master’s degrees, over 20 studied abroad, and one national medical master.1213

Ruikang Hospital is one of the only two traditional Chinese medicine hospitals qualified to perform transplant surgery.1214 Its Department of Urologic Surgery leads in the quantity of, and skill in kidney transplants in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Its medical staff of 28 currently includes 5 senior experts, 7 staff with PhD and master’s degrees, 4 graduate advisors, one staff member studying abroad, and 4 attending physicians.1215

The hospital’s website firmly establishes its Department of Urology as the leading regional kidney transplant program in both surgical volume and transplant capabilities.1216 The department performs allogeneic kidney, liver, combined liver-kidney, and other types of transplants.1217

Dr. Hongjun Gao, vice president of the hospital, graduated from Southern Medical University (formerly known as The People’s Liberation Army First Military Medical University) and majored in organ transplantation. He studied islet cell transplantation in Canada in 2004 and has worked at the General Hospital of Shenyang Military and Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University. Gao led hundreds of kidney, liver and other organ transplants. His surgery success rate is comparable with that of other prominent transplant centres in China.1218

Xinwei Gu, director of the transplant department, specializes in liver, kidney and combined multi-organ transplants. He participated in 2,000 kidney transplants, over 200 liver transplants, over 20 combined liver-kidney transplants and multi-visceral transplants. He led more than 300 kidney transplants and 50 liver transplants. 1219

Minzhuan Lin, chief surgeon and guest professor at the hospital, has been engaged in kidney transplantation for 19 years. Lin has personally participated in close to 2,000 kidney transplants.1220

The hospital has undertaken 114 research projects since 2009, including 37 national-level projects and 77 provincial-level projects, amounting to over 40 million RMB in funding. It has made 30 scientific and technological achievements.1221

143.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical University

Regional level liver and kidney, pancreas and small intestine transplant centre

The hospital was one of the earliest to be affiliated with medical schools in southwestern China. It has 2,035 registered beds but actually uses 2,300 beds. It has 798 senior specialists, 120 staff with PhD degrees, 560 with master’s degrees, and more than 400 PhD and master’s advisors. It is approved to carry out liver, kidney, small intestine, and pancreas transplantation.1222

Its hepatobiliary surgery department operates an organ transplantation research laboratory, which has advanced equipment and holds a leading position in the province. It has 120 beds, 4 senior specialists, 11 associate senior specialists, 6 staff with PhD degrees, one Ph.D. advisor, and 9 master’s advisors.1223

The Hepatobiliary Surgery Department specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of liver, biliary, pancreatic, and spleen disease; it is the Guizhou Provincial Organ Transplant Centre and a clinical pharmacology testing base under the Ministry of Health.

The department has 67 medical staff, including 4 chief professional personnel, 11 associate chief professional personnel, 6 PhDs, 6 doctoral advisors, 9 master’s advisors. It has a designated capacity of 80 beds but actually has 120 beds. It admits up to more than 3,000 patients and performs more than 1,500 surgeries per year. It has an organ transplant research laboratory equipped with advanced instruments and able to carry out experimental research on hepatobiliary and pancreatic disease in the fields of cell and molecular biology. The department leads the province in these subjects.

The urologic surgery department has 5 professors, 8 associate professors, and 6 attending physicians, among whom 3 hold PhD degrees (including one from the U.S.) and 5 have master’s degrees. The department has 7 master’s advisors and 3 deputy directors of nursing. It has 120 beds and an in-patient ward for kidney transplantation. The department successfully completed the first homograft kidney transplant in the province in 1985.1224

151.

Tibet People’s Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

Formerly known as Lhasa People’s Hospital, this is a centre for medical care, research, and education in the Tibet Autonomous Region.1225 In addition to providing health care for cadres in the autonomous region, the hospital is responsible for health care for local Tibetan cadres, groups travelling to Tibet, important leaders, and celebrities. The hospital often sends experts to all types of hospitals in the autonomous region to provide consultation and guidance.1226

This 3A hospital has 650 registered beds, 60 senior specialists, and 226 intermediate specialists. Its staff includes 3 members with PhDs, 15 with master’s degrees, 5 PhD students, and 13 master’s degree students.1227

In March 1987, the Tibetan Institute of Medical Sciences was merged into the hospital, and several research projects won many national or provincial science and technology awards. The hospital has established cooperative relationships with many domestic and foreign medical institutions, including those in the United States, Japan, and Britain, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Union Hospital, and West China Hospital of Sichuan University. The hospital’s surgical experts are skillful in brain, chest, abdominal, and urologic surgeries.

There is no organ transplant-related information on its website. However, Chinese media have repeatedly reported that hospitals in Tibet have invited a number of transplant experts from interior provinces to guide and conduct organ transplant surgeries in Tibet.

On December 15, 2002, Xinhua reported:

On the 14th, Lhasa People’s Hospital in Tibet had its first successful orthotopic liver transplant in the Tibet Autonomous Region. This was the first such operation in the world to take place at an altitude of 3,700 metres. The surgery took place at 15:00 on the 13th. The four surgeons included Tang Jinhai, dean of Lhasa People’s Hospital, and Professor Yan Lvnan of Affiliated Hospital of Sichuan Huaxi Medical University. The surgery lasted 14 hours.

Dean Tang Jinhai said that the success of the operation sets an example for future medical research and practice in the plateau region, and puts an end to the part of Tibetan history that does not include major organ transplantation, and that it owes [its success] to the support of the central government.1228 1229

In order to carry out liver transplants in Tibet, the hospital’s surgical team, led by Dean Tang Jinhai, was sent in groups to receive training from West China Medical University, the hospital’s liver transplant centre.1230

Tang also related this: Because Lhasa is at an altitude of 3,600 meters: “In order to ensure the activity of the liver’s hepatocytes, the extraction of the liver from the donor must take place simultaneously with the removal of the bad liver from the receiver. Otherwise, if the aircraft carrying the donor could not fly from outside the region to Tibet on time due to bad weather – and such situations in Tibet are quite common during the winter – the consequences would be disastrous.”1231

According to this evidence, a living “donor” was killed – when his/her liver was excised – at the same time as the recipient’s bad liver was removed.

146.

First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University

Regional level liver, kidney, pancreas and small intestine transplant centre

The hospital is also known as the No. 1 School of Clinical Medicine at Kunming Medical University, with 3,000 registered beds. It has 568 senior specialists, 39 PhD advisors, 253 master’s advisors, and 969 staff with PhDs or master’s degrees.1232

The hospital operates the Yunnan Province Organ Transplant (Liver and Kidney) Research Centre. The hospital claims that, according to the Ministry of Health, “Our department’s liver transplant index (including the total number of cases, transplant quality, efficacy, data integrity, etc.) ranked 38th among the 80 hospitals qualified to conduct liver transplants in the country; our department’s index ranked 10th among the 122 hospitals qualified to conduct kidney transplants.”1233

Zeng Zhong, vice president of the hospital and a well-known expert, leads the liver transplant team. He has completed more than 200 liver transplants and supervised more than 600 kidney transplants. The kidney transplant team is led by Professor Ma Chaolong.1234

The organ transplant centre once completed three orthotopic liver transplants and four kidney transplants in the same day. The centre successfully performed China’s first special liver transplant, during which a donor liver was shared by two patients through sectioning. The operation took place on December 20, 2006. One patient was from Beijing, and one was from Kunming.1235

144.

Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This 3A general hospital is directly under the jurisdiction of the provincial government and provides medical services for the northern area of Guizhou Province. It has 2,800 open beds, 596 senior professionals, 70 with PhDs, 4 post-doctoral fellows, and 178 master’s advisors. It has a provincial key laboratory–the “Laboratory of Anesthesia and Organ Protection.” It was among the first group of institutions to be approved by the Ministry of Health to conduct kidney transplants.1236

The hospital is approved by the Ministry of Health to conduct only kidney transplants, but it actually performs liver, kidney, bone marrow, cornea, stem cell, and other types of transplants.1237 Its urologic surgery department started conducting kidney transplants in 2000 and has carried out the most of this type in Guizhou Province as of 2007.1238

The department has 100 beds, and its number of inpatients stays at around 100. The department currently has 4 chief physicians who are professors and master’s advisors, 3 associate chief physicians, 6 attending physicians, and 3 residents. Among them, 5 hold PhDs, and 7 have master’s degrees.1239

In 2005, the hospital’s kidney transplant centre established a tissue typing and drug monitoring laboratory. In 2007, it established an organ transplant laboratory in collaboration with Hannover Medical School in Germany. It also pioneered living-donor kidney transplantation in Guizhou Province in 2007.1240 The centre has 2 professors, 5 associate professors, 3 with PhDs, and 3 with master’s degrees; most have studied kidney transplantation elsewhere.1241

Treating liver cancer using transplantation is a signature procedure of its liver surgery department. It has begun to perform transplants for end-stage liver disease patients. It performed the first successful emergency liver transplant in Guizhou Province.1242 It performed a number of liver transplants between 2003 and 2007.

The liver surgery department has 12 doctors and 13 nurses, including 5 chief surgeons, 5 associate chief surgeons, 5 personnel with intermediate titles, 3 with master’s degrees, and 6 master’s advisors. It has 50 beds, including 4 in the ER and one in the ICU; they all have ECG monitoring and rescue equipment.

148.

First Hospital of Kunming City

(Affiliated Ganmei Hospital of Kunming Medical University)
Regional level liver transplant centre

This hospital was founded in 1914 and has 240 senior specialists, 18 PhDs, 139 professionals with master’s degrees, 6 experts who enjoy special government allowances from the State Council, and 1,100 registered beds.

The hospital contains the Yunnan Provincial Liver Transplant Centre and the Kunming Organ Transplant Research Centre.1243

Its hepatobiliary surgery department has one chief surgeon, 2 associate chief surgeons (two of whom hold PhD degrees), and 5 PhD students.1244

Professor Li, the president of the hospital, supervised the first liver transplant in Yunnan Province in 1999. He directed the first partial living-relative-donor liver transplant in 2003 and the first combined liver-kidney transplant in Yunnan Province in 2005. He led the first liver transplant at this hospital in May 2006 and carried out the province’s first partial living-relative-donor transplant between adults in July of the same year.1245

Li is also a doctoral advisor and has conducted post-doctorate research at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. He is an academic and technological leader among youth and middle-aged groups in Yunnan Province, a member of the Chinese Medical Association Transplant Surgery Committee, Chairman of the Yunnan Medical Association Transplant Committee, and an editor of the Chinese Journal of Transplantation and the Organ Transplantation journal. He has published 66 academic papers, including 4 listed in SCI.1246

Ran Jianghua is the hospital’s vice president and vice chairman of the Yunnan Medical Association Organ Transplant Committee. He participated in the province’s first liver transplant in October 1999, first combined liver-kidney transplant in April 2001, and first living-donor liver transplant in December,2003. He participated in over 20 liver transplants (including living donors) surgeries annually. He has received more than ten provincial science and technology progress awards and Ministry of Health science and technology achievement awards. He studied liver transplantation at West China Medical University (now West China Medical Centre at Sichuan Medical University). He conducted post-graduate research and studied liver and multi-organ transplantation at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) and the Nazih Zuhdi Transplant Institute in Oklahoma. He has published more than 160 papers in domestic academic journals, including 70 as the first author and 9 in SCI.1247

The first OPO (Human Organ Procurement Organization) for the Human Liver and Kidney Transplant Centre in western China was established at the hospital on October 11, 2013.1248

149.

Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City

Regional level heart transplant centre

This hospital was formerly known as Shanghai Yan’an Hospital before it was moved to Kunming in 1970. It is also the Yunnan Cardiovascular Hospital. It has 1,302 registered beds and 13 national-level, 20 provincial-level, and 30 municipal-level experts.1249 This hospital’s heart and great vessels surgery department ranked 13th in China on the list of best clinical departments published by the National Medical Data Centre in 2015.1250

Its cardiothoracic surgery department conducted the first heart transplant in Kunming in 2003 and the first combined heart-lung transplant in southwestern China in 2004.1251 The hospital performed the first combined single lung transplant and congenital heart disease correction surgery in the city in March 2006.1252 In 2007, the Ministry of Health designated it the “Yunnan Province Heart Transplant Centre.”1253 The hospital began carrying out kidney transplants as a routine operation in 1987. 1254

In 2005, this department established the “Yunnan Cardiovascular Hospital – Berlin Heart Centre Technology Collaboration Centre” and began a long-term relationship with the University of Pennsylvania Heart and Vascular Centre and other well-known heart centres. It invited foreign experts for academic exchanges and business tutorials, and sent its key members to domestic and international heart centres to study, conduct research, and attend international academic conferences.1255 This centre has made over 50 research achievements and published more than 200 professional papers in provincial or higher journals (including 4 listed in SCI).1256

Li Yaxiong, the hospital’s vice president and director of the heart and great vessels surgery department, mainly engages in surgical treatment of and clinical research for minimally invasive heart surgery and organ transplantation. Li has reached an advanced level in the field of heart-lung transplantation within China.1257

Li performs over 800 cardiovascular surgeries each year. He has studied and conducted research at the Berlin Heart Centre and the University of Pennsylvania. He has led various research projects under the National Natural Science Foundation and National Twelfth Five-Year Plan science and technology programs, received eight municipal and provincial science and technology progress awards, and published over 50 papers in major provincial journals, including 2 listed in SCI. He has mentored over 10 graduate students, trained over 200 people in 30 groups from 15 different hospitals, and helped more than 10 hospitals to perform over 1,000 heart surgeries.1258

153.

Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This hospital serves as the Shaanxi Provincial Research Institute of Clinical Medicine and a national institution for clinical drug trials. The hospital has over 500 senior professional staff, 77 of whom are experts who have made outstanding contributions to the province or the country. It has 88 PhD or master’s advisors and 714 PhD and master’s students. The hospital has 3,000 beds and focuses on liver, kidney, lung, bone marrow, and other types of transplants.1259

Its kidney transplant department has a strong technical force and a positive reputation in northwestern China. It can routinely carry out various operations related to kidney transplantation.1260 The department has 40 beds.1261 The transplantation department has a separate 40-bed for renal transplant, which is highly capable and renowned in northwestern China.1262

Luo Yongkang, director of the kidney transplant department and chief physician, has more than ten years’ experience in renal transplantation and independently completed over 400 renal transplant operations. He has published more than 10 research articles, and is well known in Northwestern China for renal transplantation.

Its thoracic surgery department performed the first lung transplant in northwestern China in July 2005. It carries out a variety of transplants targeting end-stage lung diseases.1263

The hospital’s hepatobiliary unit has 100 beds, with 4 chief surgeons, 3 deputy chief surgeons, 4 PhDs, 3 in PhD studies, and 6 master’s degree holders. The unit actively carries out clinical research and has published more than 70 academic papers, including over 10 listed in SCI and Chinese journal collections. It has undertaken 9 national and provincial-level research programs, and is a teaching hospital for Xi’an Jiaotong University, and Xi’an Medical College; it’s also responsible for clinical teaching and basic physician training.1264

156.

Gansu Provincial Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This hospital has 3,370 beds and 438 staff with senior professional titles. Its staff includes 15 experts who receive special allowances from the government, 8 “outstanding experts” in Gansu Province, 20 provincial “Leading Talent,” 84 with PhDs, and 639 with master’s degrees. The hospital owns the first da Vinci robotic surgical system approved by the National Health and Family Planning Commission for the Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang autonomous regions.1265

Its urology department was founded in the mid-1950s and has become one of the most important units in the health care system of Gansu Province. Director Shi Baoguang and deputy director Guo Lijun have led their team to achieve an advanced level in the province in kidney transplantation.1266 In April 2013, the unit carried out the first relative living-donor kidney transplant in the province.1267 It currently has one doctoral advisor, 4 professors and chief surgeons/physicians, 6 associate chief surgeons/physicians, 4 attending physicians, and 4 residents. Among the medical team, 4 have PhDs and 12 have master’s degrees. The department currently has 103 beds.1268

The urology department is a teaching unit for the clinical urologic surgery program of Lanzhou University for doctoral and master’s degree students. It also assumes responsibility for the clinical teaching for a few colleges and universities. It has completed a number of research projects and received a number of scientific and technological progress awards. It has published several journal articles and 6 monographs.1269

The hospital’s president, Chen Yirong, is a member of the Organ Transplantation Committee of the Chinese Medical Association and a PhD advisor. He studied in France and the United States and has a high reputation in China.1270

157.

The First Hospital of Lanzhou University

Regional level liver transplant centre

This hospital has 2,306 beds, 350 staff with senior professional titles, and 9 experts who receive special allowances from the State Council.1271 It also has 21 doctoral advisors and 75 master’s advisors.

The hospital`s liver transplant centre is housed at the Second Section of General Surgery Department of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University. It has 2 chief surgeons/physicians, 2 professors, and 5 associate chief surgeons/physicians. Among the staff, 7 hold PhDs and 11 have master’s degrees.1272

Its liver transplant centre carried out the first liver transplant in the Gansu, Qinghai, and Ningxia regions in 2001. In November 2004, it completed the first secondary liver transplant in the region. In 2006, it established 24 beds for in-patient ward for liver transplant and in November 2006 it was approved as the only liver transplant centre in Gansu province. In December 2006, it completed a combined liver-kidney transplant. In April 2007, it started performing living-donor liver transplants. In 2012, it completed a liver transplant for a patient with situs inversus, an operation rarely attempted worldwide.1273

Professor Li Xun, vice president of the hospital and director of the Organ Transplant Centre is a member of the Organ Transplant Committee of the Chinese Medical Association. He specializes in organ transplants. In 2001, he completed the first liver transplant in Gansu Province, and thereafter he completed 35 liver transplant surgeries. In November 2004, he completed the first “second attempt” liver transplantation in Gansu Province. In 2006, he established the hospital’s liver transplant ward. In December 2006, he carried out the department’s first combined liver-kidney transplant. In April 2007, he performed its first living-donor liver transplant.1274

In June 2001, Li studied multi-organ transplants in liver, kidney, and other organs at the Tianjin First Central Hospital Organ Transplant Centre. From July to October 2010, he studied living-donor liver transplantation and hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgical techniques in an exchange program at Asan Hospital and Shiyan Hospital in Korea. From January to April, he studied liver transplantation and hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery techniques at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. He is the current managing editor of the Journal of Organ Donation and Transplantation and on the editorial board of the Practical Organ Transplantation Journal.1275

158.

Lanzhou University Second Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

The staff of hepatobiliary surgery department.

This hospital has 2,200 beds. Its staff includes 13 experts who receive special allowances from the State Council, 3 experts recognized by Ministry of Health for outstanding contributions, 16 doctoral advisors, 125 master’s advisors, 50 professors, and 106 associate professors.1276

The liver transplant department has 71 beds and is housed at the First General Surgery Department. It has 3 chief physicians, 4 associate chief physicians, one doctoral advisor, and 3 master’s advisors.1277

The director of the hepatobiliary surgery department, Li Yumin, is the president of the Lanzhou University Second Hospital, a member of the Organ Transplantation Society of the Chinese Medical Association, and the deputy director of the Liver Transplantation Group. In 1999, the liver transplant unit established the first liver transplant research team in Gansu Province. In September 2001, it completed the first clinical orthotopic liver transplant in Gansu Province.1278

In 2003, the urologic surgery department conducted the first combined spleen-kidney transplant in northwestern China. The department has outstanding skills, particularly in kidney transplantation.1279 It has 32 medical personnel, including 3 with senior professional titles, 6 with associate senior titles, 8 PhDs, 6 with master’s degrees, and 6 who were trained overseas.1280

Yang Li, director of urology surgery at Lanzhou University Second Hospital and deputy director of Gansu Province urological disease clinical centre, is a top kidney transplant specialist in Asia. He has published 21 academic papers, 9 of which are included in the Science Citation Index. 1281

While the hospital is only approved to carry out kidney transplants, but they have in fact carried out various types of organ transplant surgeries and they have complete medical staff to facilitate liver, lung, kidney, spleen, cornea and bone marrow transplantation. According to report on March 9, 2013, the hospital obtained five organs from the same donor, and completed lung transplant, liver transplant, two kidney transplants, and cornea transplant. This was the first such case in Gansu province, and the first lung transplant in Gansu.1282

In August 1998, the hospital collaborated with the American Academy of Ophthalmology to establish the “Western China Eye Bank” and began carrying out cornea transplants.1283 As of that time the hospital had performed over 500 cases of cornea transplants, its website said.

159.

Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This hospital is a large, integrative 3A hospital in northwestern China. It has 606 medical professionals, including 244 with senior titles, one academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 78 PhDs, and 167 with master’s degrees. Twenty experts receive special allowances from the government, 19 have been awarded the “National Star of Medical Technology,” and 38 are PhD or master’s advisors of eight renowned universities in the country.1284

In 2004, the hospital invested 120 million RMB to build a 20-story surgical care building with 900 beds–the largest in the city of Lanzhou. In 2008, the hospital invested 20 million RMB to renovate the ward for cadres according to modern medical standards. The hospital has 1,300 beds. Each year, it receives 37,000 inpatients, performs 126,000 surgeries, and earns 444 million RMB in revenue.1285

In 1965, the hospital’s urologic surgery centre successfully carried out China’s first kidney transplant for a patient who had suffered from severe kidney failure for eight years. 1286

The levels of medical treatment, scientific research and teaching in the urologic surgery department are at the forefront in both the province and in the country. The department has 47 beds and a transplant immunology lab, which enables it to conduct clinical kidney transplant tissue matching and related testing. The department’s medical team includes 2 chief surgeons, 3 associate chief surgeons, 3 attending surgeons, and 3 surgeons, among whom two have PhDs, five have master’s degrees, and four have bachelor’s degrees. Ten physician specialists are currently pursuing further study in kidney transplantation.1287

Wang Yangmin, director of the urologic surgery department, is a first-level Leading Talent in Gansu Province. He studied at the University of Virginia in 1998, led People’s Liberation Army research programs for Science and Technology Development during the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” and “Twelfth Five-Year Plan,” and received six military and provincial science and technology progress awards. He has co-edited several books and published more than 20 academic papers. Wang has conducted both cadaveric and living-donor kidney transplants over the past decade. 1288

The hospital’s People’s Liberation Army Blood Disease Centre is the largest blood disease centre in northwestern China. It carried out the first bone marrow transplant in the country. Its scale, technology, and quality of transplantation are at the forefront in northwestern China.1289 The centre has 150 beds, 15 ultra-clean wards for hematopoietic stem cell and bone marrow transplants, and 18 surgeons, 9 of whom are in senior positions and more than half have master’s or PhD degrees. 1290

161.

Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This is the only hospital affiliated with a university in Qinghai. It has 2,000 open beds and 345 senior personnel. Among them there are 6 provincial chief medical experts, 16 city chief medical experts, 13 PhDs, 12 PhD students, and 171 with master’s degrees.1291

It has successfully developed new techniques for liver, kidney, cornea, hematopoietic stem cell, and other types of transplants.

Its urologic surgery department is one of the most capable in the province and has become a key discipline for the hospital, integrating clinical practice, teaching, and scientific research. In 2000, it performed the first kidney transplant in the province.1292

The department has 72 beds and 28 medical staff, including 2 professors/chief physicians, 2 associate professors/associate chief physicians, 11 staff members with intermediate professional titles, a PhD, and 6 with master’s degrees.

In 2003, the department undertook a provincial renal allograft research project led by Professor Wang Jian, the department’s director and chief medical expert at the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University. He studied as a senior visiting scholar in the urology departments at Uppsala University Hospital in Sweden and Kempten Hospital in Germany.1293

The hospital’s liver transplantation is a provincial key discipline. It successfully conducted the first allogeneic liver transplant in the Qinghai region.1294 On August 7, 2000, it became the first in the province to conduct a whole liver transplant, which was also a first in the five northwestern provinces.1295

Its ophthalmology department also carried out the first cornea transplant in the province.1296

163.

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People’s Hospital

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This is the first affiliated hospital of Northwest University for Nationalities and its First Clinical Medical College. It also serves as a teaching hospital for institutions including the Northern Nationalities University, the Fourth Military Medical University, etc. It has 2,630 open beds, 36 master’s advisors, and 430 staff members with PhDs and master’s degrees. It has 146 professors and associate professors and 29 experts who enjoy special allowances from the State Council or the autonomous region.1297

The principal activities of its urologic surgery department include kidney transplantation. Currently, the department has 12 professional and technical personnel, among whom 4 have senior titles and 4 have master’s’ degrees.1298

The hospital has sent its core personnel to the United States, Switzerland, Japan, Singapore, and well-known domestic hospitals for further study. Its medical team maintains communication with academic experts in Canada, Japan, and other countries; they have also established technical relationships with the Fourth Military Medical University, Peking University People’s Hospital, Fu Wai Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, and other units. In recent years, the hospital has completed over 70 research projects, more than 30 of which have won scientific research achievement awards.1299

The hospital established the Ningxia Eye Hospital in 2005. Its capabilities of cornea transplantation have reached an advanced level in China and have built a good reputation in the region and the five northwestern provinces.1300 It can perform cornea transplant surgeries for a variety of indications.1301 This eye hospital has over 200 inpatient beds. In 2014, about 150,000 patients visited this hospital. It has 230 medical staff members, including 31 with PhDs and master’s degrees, and two who receive special allowances from the State Council. The hospital also has first-class, modern medical equipment domestically and internationally, and ranks among the top in northwestern China.1302

Kidney transplantation is one of the main activities of the urologic surgery department. The department has 12 professional and technical personnel, including four senior personnel and four staff members with master’s degrees. In recent years, it has been responsible for three national, provincial, and ministerial-level research projects.1303 It collaborates with the nephrology department to conduct kidney transplants.1304 Chief surgeon Gao Pingsheng studied urologic surgery and kidney transplantation in Beijing and other areas.1305

164.

Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University

Regional level liver and heart transplant centre

The affiliated hospital of Ningxia Medical University’s School of Clinical Medicine. It employs 308 staff members with senior professional titles, 623 with associate senior titles, and 723 with intermediate professional titles. The hospital has 3,233 beds. In recent years, it has achieved “firsts” in the region and reached an advanced level nationwide in liver, kidney, cornea, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.1306

The hepatobiliary surgery department currently has 5 master’s degree advisors, 6 chief surgeons, one associate chief surgeon, 5 attending physicians, two staff members with PhDs, and 6 with master’s degrees. It has 65 inpatient beds.1307

The hospital’s organ transplant centre is the only facility in the Ningxia Autonomous Region qualified to conduct liver transplantation. In December 2003, the centre’s director, Yu Songning, guided and completed the first orthotopic liver transplant in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. In 2004, he won a Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Science and Technology Progress Award and a first place Ningxia Medical Science and Technology Award.1308 One of his published papers indicates that, between September 2003 and March 2005, the hospital had at least six liver donors, all of which came from 19 to 30-year-old males.1309

The urologic surgery department completed the first kidney transplant in Ningxia in 1982. In 2005, it successfully conducted a living-donor kidney transplant. The department has 16 physicians, including 5 chief physicians, 7 associate chief physicians, one attending physician, and 3 residents. It has 62 inpatient beds.1310

Since the ophthalmology department completed its first cornea transplant in May 2003,1311 it has performed such transplants in large numbers. The department has become an eye centre providing medical care, research, and education in the Ningxia area. The department currently has two master’s advisors, 14 physicians, and 7 medical technicians, including 6 with senior professional titles and 5 with master’s degrees.1312

165.

People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Regional level kidney transplant centre

This is a clinical teaching hospital for Xinjiang Medical University, Shihezi University School of Medicine, and Anhui Medical University. It has one post-doctoral research station, 5 national and autonomous region-level medical centres, and 18 clinical training bases for specialists. With more than 3,000 inpatient beds, the hospital discharges 120,000 patients and performs over 80,000 surgeries each year. The hospital currently has over 5,000 employees, including 800 staff members with PhDs and master’s degrees.1313

The hospital has performed heart, lung, and kidney transplants. It has also carried out a number of replantation of severed fingers and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in lymphoma cases. Its success in the first orthotopic heart transplant in the five northwestern provinces marked a milestone for the hospital in opening up a new field in organ transplantation.1314

The department of hepatobiliary vascular Surgery has 70 inpatient beds and 18 doctors, including 4 chief surgeons (2 master’s advisors), 3 associate chief surgeons, an associate chief technician, 7 attending physicians, one resident, and 6 graduate students. The department has performed liver transplants.1315 Chen Lunjian, associate chief surgeon, trained at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at People’s Liberation Army General Hospital (301 Hospital) between June 2006 and June 2007 and another time in March 2012. He has engaged in clinical liver transplantation for a long time.1316

The hospital’s Urology Centre has many professors and experts, including Wang Qing, Wen Bin, and Xiami Siding. Their profiles indicated kidney transplantation as their main specialty. 1317According to the Xinjiang News on November 6th, 2015, the hospital started performing kidney transplants 20 years ago and was one of the earliest to do so in Xinjiang.1318

On March 4th, 2003, its department of cardiac surgery performed its first orthotopic cardiac allograft.1319 The department has 60 inpatient beds, 14 ICU beds, and two upper-class operating rooms. The department currently has 13 doctors, including 2 chief surgeons, 2 associate chief surgeons, 4 attending physicians, and a master’s advisor.1320

The department of ophthalmology specializes in cornea transplantation. It has 60 inpatient beds, 3 master’s degree advisors, 4 chief physicians, 2 associate chief physicians, 6 intermediate-level medical staff members, 7 staff members with master’s degrees, and 2 PhD students.

The hospital serves as a teaching hospital for several medical colleges in Xinjiang. It extensively cooperates and maintains good relationships with Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Union Hospital, Beijing Navy General Hospital, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital, Fudan University in Shanghai, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, the Shenzhen Eye Centre, etc.1321

In March 2003, the Department of Thoracic Surgery performed its first allogeneic single lung transplant.1322 It currently has 35 inpatient beds and 9 surgeons, including 2 chief surgeons and 2 associate chief surgeons, and 7 members holding master’s degrees.1323

References

794 Giving Patients New Lives–Du Yingdong, Deputy Director of Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at No. 107 Hospital
Jiaodong.net   March 28, 2015
http://health.jiaodong.net/system/2015/03/27/012643942.shtml
https://web.archive.org/web/20160116210548/http://health.jiaodong.net/system/2015/03/27/012643942.shtml
生命在这重新崛起-107医院肝胆外科副主任杜英东       胶东在线   March 28, 2015

795 Giving Patients New Lives–Du Yingdong, Deputy Director of Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at No. 107 Hospital
Jiaodong.net       March 28, 2015
http://health.jiaodong.net/system/2015/03/27/012643942.shtml
https://web.archive.org/web/20160116210548/http://health.jiaodong.net/system/2015/03/27/012643942.shtml
生命在这重新崛起-107医院肝胆外科副主任杜英东       胶东在线   March 28, 2015

796 The new hospital ward building was put into use in No. 107 Hospital  Souhu.net/ Qilu Evening News  Apr 22, 2012
http://m.sohu.com/n/341320996/?v=3
https://web.archive.org/web/20160212213443/http://m.sohu.com/n/341320996/?v=3
107医院新病房大楼启用    搜狐网    齐鲁晚报    2012年4月22日

797 Full view of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University
http://www.xydyfy.com/html/2015/yiyuanjianjie_0701/3559.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160121061329/http://www.xydyfy.com/html/2015/yiyuanjianjie_0701/3559.html
新疆医科大学第一附属医院概况

798 The brief of the Organ Transplant Research Institute in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region
Dated:2008-03-26
http://xydyfy.cn/html/2008/linchuangyixueyanjiuyuan_0326/2277.html
https://archive.is/9oTvf
新疆维吾尔自治区器官移植研究所概况   发布时间:2008-03-26

799 Experience of Providing Post-Liver Transplant Care for 4207 Patients
Source: Endemic Diseases Bulletin   2003 Volume 18-02, p.75-76
Authors:  Jiang Cuiqing, Wang Huicai, Wang Lixin, Yuan Bi, Song Bei, Zhou Xian
http://www.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=DFBT200302035&dbname=cjfqtotal&dbcode=CJFQ&v=MDY5MDBJU3ZKZXJHNEh0TE1yWTlHWVlSNkRnOC96aFlVN3pzT1QzaVFyUmN6RnJDVVJMK2ZZT1Z2RkNybFY3N0s=
https://web.archive.org/web/20160116211223/http://www.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=DFBT200302035&dbname=cjfqtotal&dbcode=CJFQ&v=MDY5MDBJU3ZKZXJHNEh0TE1yWTlHWVlSNkRnOC96aFlVN3pzT1QzaVFyUmN6RnJDVVJMK2ZZT1Z2RkNybFY3N0s=
“4207例肝移植术后患者的监护初步体会”     《地方病通报》  2003年18卷02期 75-76页
作者:姜翠清, 汪惠才,   王立新, 袁碧, 宋蓓, 周娴 (新疆医科大学第一附属医院,新疆,乌鲁木齐,830054)

800 Wen Hao, Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation
http://www.hlhl.org.cn/news/findnews/showsub.asp?id=1276
https://web.archive.org/web/20151226155723/http://www.hlhl.org.cn/news/findnews/showsub.asp?id=1276
温浩 – 何梁何利基金

801 Introduction of Department Of Urology at First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University   Sep 9, 2012
http://www.xydyfy.com/html/2012/keshixunli_0909/1460.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20150316064034/http://www.xydyfy.com/html/2012/keshixunli_0909/1460.html
新医大一附院泌尿外科概况       发布时间:2012-09-09

802 Clinical Curative Effect Analysis of 176 Living-Donor Kidney Transplants in Xinjiang
Chinese Journal of Nephrology, Dialysis & Transplantation   2010 Volume 19-04, p.324-326, 337
Zhang Qingqing, Reyihan, Minerva, Wang Yujie, etc (First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University)
http://med.wanfangdata.com.cn/Paper/Detail/PeriodicalPaper_szbytxsyzzz201004004
https://web.archive.org/web/20160116234008/http://med.wanfangdata.com.cn/Paper/Detail/PeriodicalPaper_szbytxsyzzz201004004
新疆地区亲属活体肾移植176例临床疗效分析   《肾脏病与透析肾移植杂志》  2010年19卷04期 324-326,337页
作者:张菁菁, 热依汗, 米娜娃尔, 王玉杰等 (新疆医科大学第一附属医院肾病科)

803 Introduction of Department Of Urology at First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University
Dated: September 9th , 2012
http://www.xydyfy.com/html/2012/keshixunli_0909/1460.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20150316064034/http://www.xydyfy.com/html/2012/keshixunli_0909/1460.html
新医大一附院泌尿外科概况       发布时间:2012-09-09

804 Zhengzhou People’s Hospital    China Hospitals
http://22269.health86.com/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160205234823/http://22269.health86.com/
郑州市人民医院   中国医院网

805 Hospital Brief   Zhengzhou People’s Hospital   July 21, 2011
http://www.zzrmyy.com/art_news_15.aspx
https://archive.is/O2ojQ
医院简介-郑州人民医院    2011年07月21日

806 Organ Transplant Centre at Zhengzhou People’s Hospital       April 8, 2013
http://www.zzrmyy.com/art_news_1821.aspx
https://archive.is/XfbP3
郑州人民医院器官移植中心    2013年04月08日

807 Healthcare Etiquette Training–Service and Branding of Zhengzhou People’s Hospital
Chinese Etiquette Training Network    April 8, 2010
http://www.liyi360.com/2010/4/8/cbdjl.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20140420014418/http://www.liyi360.com/2010/4/8/cbdjl.htm
医护礼仪培训–郑州人民医院服务旗帜与品牌风范”   《华夏礼仪培训网》 April 8, 2010   原网页已被删除,见备份

808 Kidney Centre at Zhengzhou People’s Hospital
http://www.zzrmyy.com/Office.aspx?id=88
https://web.archive.org/web/20130911233624/http://www.zzrmyy.com/doctor.aspx?id=376
郑州市人民医院-肾病中心

809 Organ Transplant Centre at Zhengzhou People’s Hospital       April 8, 2013
http://www.zzrmyy.com/art_news_1821.aspx
https://archive.is/XfbP3
郑州人民医院器官移植中心    2013年04月08日

810 Zhengzhou People’s Hospital Group – Famous Doctor – Chen Guoyong
http://www.zzrmyyyljt.com/index.php/mingyituijian/2014/05-29/432.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160117000654/http://www.zzrmyyyljt.com/index.php/mingyituijian/2014/05-29/432.html
郑州人民医院集团-名医推荐-陈国勇

811 Brief Biography of Chenguo Yong,  Liver Surgery and Liver Transplant Expert, Zhengzhou People’s Hospital
http://gz.zzrmyy.com/doctor/2014/0522/790.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20140811183641/http://gz.zzrmyy.com/doctor/2014/0522/790.html
郑州人民医院肝脏外科肝移植专家 陈国勇个人简历介绍

812 Brief Introduction to Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/yiyuangaikuang/
https://archive.is/SJ31x
东风总医院简介

813 Climbing the peak of transplantation, continue the wonderfulness of life
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/dongfengyilin/xingyedongtai/2010/1222/3020.html
https://archive.is/DATK4
攀登移植之巅 延续生命精彩

814 Organ Transplant and Brest Surgery Department
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/qiguanyizhi/
https://archive.is/ZkHcG
器官移植乳腺外科, 来源:东风总医院

815 “Organ Transplant” of General Hospital Awarded First “Shiyan Business Card” Title,
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/dongfengyilin/yiyuanyaowen/2011/1102/7158.html
https://archive.is/WUH4j
东风总医院“器官移植”荣获首届“十堰名片”称号,来源:东风总医院

816 Brief Introduction to the Department of Urologic Surgery at Dongfeng General Hospital,
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/miniaoke/
https://archive.is/UE8Mc
东风公司总医院泌尿外科简介,来源:东风总医院

817 Organ Transplantation Breast Surgery
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/qiguanyizhi/
https://archive.is/ZkHcG
器官移植乳腺外科

818 Dong Feng General Hospital Has Successfully Completed Over 400 Cases of Organ Transplant
Source: 10yan.com (Shiyan Evening News)
http://syrb.10yan.com/html/20101228/170270.html
http://archive.is/uVgBQ
东风总医院已成功移植器官400余例,来源:秦楚网讯(十堰晚报)

819 The City’s “Business Card” Ensures our Safety and Good Health
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/dongfengyilin/xingyedongtai/2010/1229/6064.html
http://archive.is/ujOs8
熠熠明珠耀车城 城市名片保安康, 来源:东风总医院

820 Woman donated her Kidney to Save Her Brother
Source: 10yan.com (Shiyan Evening News)
http://www.10yan.com/html/News/tbbd/2010-11/27/09202642.html
http://archive.is/sFHjJ
姐姐捐肾救弟演绎至爱亲情, 来源:秦楚网讯(十堰晚报)

821 45 Organ Transplant Completed in Shiyan Last Year
Source: 10yan.com (Shiyan Evening News)
http://www.10yan.com/2016/0109/272311.shtml
http://archive.is/EAbjl
十堰去年共完成45例器官移植手术,来源:秦楚网讯(十堰晚报)

822 Introduction to the People Liberation Army Navy General Hospital
http://www.hjzyy.com.cn/Hospitals/Main/Description
https://archive.is/kABrv
海军总医院-简介  来源:医院官网

823 Introduction to the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the People Liberation Army Navy General Hospital
Source: Navy General Hospital Hepatobiliary Surgery Department, 2002-2012
http://www.hjganai.com/zttj/ganyizhi/185.html [retrieved March 9, 2015. Link not accessible as of Feb. 2016]
https://web.archive.org/web/20150309062549/http://www.hjganai.com/zttj/ganyizhi/185.html
海军总医院肝胆外科简介2002-2012

824 People Liberation Army Navy General Hospital Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital – Experts Qiu, Baoan, el.
Source: Navy General Hospital Hepatobiliary Surgery, July 20, 2012
http://www.hjganai.com/mytj/2012/0703/13.html [Link not accessible as of May 2016]
https://web.archive.org/web/20150309051806/http://www.hjganai.com/mytj/2012/0703/13.html
海军总医院肝胆外科医院-权威专家-邱宝安    来源:海军总医院肝胆外科 2012-07-20

825 Liver transplant technology of PLA Navy General Hospital Hepatobiliary Surgey
Source: http://health.china.com/  March 6, 2012
Provided by Navy General Hospital (http://www.hjzyy-gdwk.cn), however this original web page has been removed:
http://health.china.com/html/rwfb/zlk/201203/06-224097.html   Refer to its archived webpage:
https://archive.is/dzyR5
浅谈海军总医院肝胆外科肝脏移植技术           中华网健康频道, 2012-03-06

826 60 years of the Navy General Hospital: exclusive interview with Qiu Baoan – the director of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Health Online, China Central Television. August 8, 2014
http://jiankang.cntv.cn/2014/08/08/ARTI1407470958261780.shtml
https://archive.is/sxL73
海军总医院60年:专访肝胆外科主任邱宝安 央视网 2014年08月08日

827 Department of Urologic Surgery of Navy General Hospital Kidney Transplantation – New Technology
Source:  Navy General Hospital
http://hjmnk.cnkme.com/treatments/show/2835
https://archive.is/I75l6
海军总医院泌尿外科肾移植–新技术 来源:海军总医院

828 Dissected Heart Travelled 9 Hours – Surgery succeeded in transplanting a heart with longest duration after dissection
Source: Beijing Culture Herald. June 30, 2005
http://www.kpcn.org/news/Read.asp?NewsID=5514&kpcn=.7055475
https://archive.is/EdMO2
心脏离体旅行9小时  心脏离体时间最长手术成功         《北京娱乐信报》 2005年6月30日

829 Navy General Hospital, PLA –  Li Gang. Source: Hospital official website.
http://www.hjzyy.com.cn/Hospitals/Doctors/Index/90
https://archive.is/v12Uv
海军总医院:李刚

830 Introduction to People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital
Source: People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital website, retrieved January 17, 2016
http://www.307hospital.com/yyjjnew.jhtml
https://archive.is/cCa81
解放军307医院简介    来源:解放军307医院

831 The best kidney transplant centre in Beijing – People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital
http://www.ourbank.com.cn/niaoduz/11376.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325062054/http://www.ourbank.com.cn/niaoduz/11376.html
北京最好的肾脏移植中心丨解放军307肾移植中心

832 The best kidney transplant centre in Beijing – People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital
http://www.ourbank.com.cn/niaoduz/11376.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325062054/http://www.ourbank.com.cn/niaoduz/11376.html
北京最好的肾脏移植中心丨解放军307肾移植中心

833 The Urologic surgery department – People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital
http://www.307hospital.com/bmjjmlwk/1442.jhtml#position
https://web.archive.org/web/20160327214348/http://www.307hospital.com/bmjjmlwk/1442.jhtml#position
解放军307医院泌尿外科

834 The best kidney transplant centre in Beijing – People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital
http://www.ourbank.com.cn/niaoduz/11376.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325062054/http://www.ourbank.com.cn/niaoduz/11376.html
北京最好的肾脏移植中心丨解放军307肾移植中心

835 The People Liberation Army No. 307 Hospital
http://eye.meijm.com/expert_hostpital/org_view.asp?id=49
https://archive.is/vleRU
中国人民解放军第307医院

836 About Evidence Album of CCP Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners – Investigation Audio Record 2
Minghui Net. Source: WOIPFG, September 26, 2013
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2013/9/26/追查国际关于中共活体摘取法轮功学员器官证据专辑-280291.html#_Toc366574827
http://archive.is/K1CAa
关于中共活体摘取法轮功学员器官证据专辑-调查录音.  明慧网  来源:追查国际2013年09月26日

837 Brief Introduction to the General Hospital of The Second Artillery Army        Source: Hospital official website
http://www.epzyy.cn/Hospitals/Main/Description
http://web.archive.org/web/20150307005921/http://www.epzyy.cn/Hospitals/Main/Description
第二炮兵总医院简介(该医院现更名为火箭军总医院)               来源: 医院官网(网址未变)

838 Brief Introduction to The Organ Transplant Centre of General Hospital of the Second Artillery Army
http://www.epzyy.cn/Hospitals/ResearchTechnologyClinicals/Detail/199
http://archive.is/yu2RG
第二炮兵总医院器官移植中心简介    来源: 医院官网

839 Zhou Dinghua: Interpretation of “Medical legend” Life                       Source: Hospital official website
http://www.epzyy.cn/Html/News/Articles/1345.html           Posted on Sep 18, 2013
http://archive.is/zy7NC
周丁华:演绎“医学传奇”人生        来源:医院官网2013-09-18

840 Brief Introduction to The Organ Transplant Centre of General Hospital of the Second Artillery Army
http://www.epzyy.cn/Hospitals/ResearchTechnologyClinicals/Detail/199
http://archive.is/yu2RG
第二炮兵总医院器官移植中心简介    来源: 医院官网

841 Brief Introduction to The Organ Transplant Centre of General Hospital of the Second Artillery Army
http://www.epzyy.cn/Hospitals/ResearchTechnologyClinicals/Detail/199
http://archive.is/yu2RG
第二炮兵总医院器官移植中心简介    来源: 医院官网

842 Introduction to the Military General Hospital of Beijing, PLA             Source: www.91160.com
http://www.91160.com/unit/unitintro/uid-100000888.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160109140403/http://www.91160.com/unit/unitintro/uid-100000888.html
中国人民解放军北京军区总医院简介               来源:就医160网

843 Introduction to Doctors of the Urologic Surgery Department of PLA Military General Hospital of Beijing
– Academician GuoYinglu              Source: China Medical Expert Network   www.cnkme.com
http://jzmnk.cnkme.com/doctors/show/3477
https://web.archive.org/web/20160109134057/http://jzmnk.cnkme.com/doctors/show/3477
中国人民解放军北京军区总医院泌尿外科-医生介绍-郭应禄院士 来源:医药专家网

844 Introduction to the Liver Transplant Centre of the Military General Hospital of Beijing, PLA
Source: China Medical Expert Network   www.cnkme.com
http://jzgdk.cnkme.com/papers/show/21865
https://web.archive.org/web/20140418004834/http://jzgdk.cnkme.com/papers/show/21865
北京军区总医院肝移植中心简况2009年02月25日

845 Brief Introduction to Tianjin Medical University General Hospital     Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/yiyuanjianjie/jianjie.asp
http://web.archive.org/web/20150430072530/http:/www.tjmugh.com.cn/yiyuanjianjie/jianjie.asp
天津医科大学总医院简介    来源:医院官网

846 Introduction to Department of General Surgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=250
https://web.archive.org/web/20121213171319/http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=250
天津医科大学总医院-普通外科              来源:医院官网

847 Introduction to Department of Lung Cancer Surgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=82
https://web.archive.org/web/20121213185857/http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=82
天津医科大学总医院-肺部肿瘤外科     来源:医院官网

848 Introduction to Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=273
https://web.archive.org/save/_embed/http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=273&WebShieldSessionVerify=teVpCjStgL2tWvO0ZhDe
天津医科大学总医院-心胸外科              来源:医院官网

849 Introduction to Department of Ophthalmology of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=2190
https://web.archive.org/web/20160413174639/http://www.tjmugh.com.cn/info/content.asp?infoId=2190&WebShieldSessionVerify=D6HcNe1grjfHqGOmu5q1
天津医科大学总医院–眼科专业          来源:医院官网

850 Introduction to Tianjin Medical University General Hospital               Source: baike.com
http://www.baike.com/wiki/天津医科大学总医院
https://archive.is/wb0tV
天津医科大学总医院           互动百科

851 Introduction to the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.wj120.cn/about/yiyuanjianjie/
https://archive.is/6vOiO
武警后勤学院附属医院简介                    来源:医院官网

852 Introduction to organ transplant department and Nephrology Department
of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese Peoplentnese 9%99%6%E6%80%BB%               Source: Source: Hospital official website
http://www.wj120.cn/a/shenyizhike/keshijianjie/
https://archive.is/YXc3N
http://www.wj120.cn/a/shennake/keshijianjie/
https://archive.is/YEtZr
武警后勤学院附属医院-器官移植科与肾病科简介          来源:医院官网

853 Introduction to Nephrology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of
Chinese Peoples Nephrology Department Source: Medical Network / Medical guide
http://jiuyi.ewsos.com/yiyuan/keshijieshao-ShenBingKe459960
https://archive.is/A6T5C
武警后勤学院附属医院-肾病科简介  来源:医网 / 就医指南

854 Introduction to Nephrology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of
Chinese Peoples Nephrology Department
Source: Medical Network / Medical guide
http://jiuyi.ewsos.com/yiyuan/keshijieshao-ShenBingKe459960
https://web.archive.org/web/20160412000315/http://jiuyi.ewsos.com/yiyuan/keshijieshao-ShenBingKe459960
武警后勤学院附属医院-肾病科简介  来源:医网 / 就医指南

855 Introduction to the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese Peopleeshao-ShenBingKe459960
Source: Medical Encyclopedia A-hospital.com
http://www.a-hospital.com/w/天津市武警医学院附属医院
https://archive.is/fPJre
天津市武警医学院附属医院               来源:医学百科

856 Introduction to Nephrology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese Peoples Nephrology Department
Source: Medical Network / Medical guide
http://jiuyi.ewsos.com/yiyuan/keshijieshao-ShenBingKe459960
https://archive.is/A6T5C
武警后勤学院附属医院-肾病科简介  来源:医网 / 就医指南

857 Introduction to Nephrology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese Peoples Nephrology Department
Source: Medical Network / Medical guide
http://jiuyi.ewsos.com/yiyuan/keshijieshao-ShenBingKe459960
https://archive.is/A6T5C
武警后勤学院附属医院-肾病科简介  来源:医网 / 就医指南

858 Expert: Lihui- Nephrology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese Peoples Department of the Affil
Source: yynet.cn
http://lihui385.u.yynet.cn/intro.php
https://archive.is/Y4lSt
武警后勤学院附属医院肾病科-专家介绍-李辉简介        来源:医元网

859 Expert Liu Weiru from the Nephrology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Chinese Peoples Department of the Affili  Source:  Good Doctors
http://haodf.health.sohu.com/doctor/DE4r0BCkuHzduxIjvxdwE-9BS0ak-.htm
https://archive.is/cYH0p
武警后勤学院附属医院肾病科-专家介绍-刘维如简介   好大夫

The Decrease in the Number of Organ Transplants After 2006 is a Lie by the CCP
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/48758
http://web.archive.org/web/20160229201325/http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/48758
2006年后器官移植量减少是中共的谎言《追查国际》

861 Brief Introduction to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/pages/one/info.htm?pid=4
https://archive.is/SYjpA
河北医科大学第二医院简介               来源:医院官网

862 Brief Introduction to the Department of Urology of The Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/dept/deptIndex.htm?did=11
http://web.archive.org/web/20160128153904/http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/dept/deptIndex.htm?did=11
河北医科大学第二医院科室简介: 泌尿外科      来源:医院官网

863 Liver Transplantation Surgeries    Source: www.cnki.net
http://cnki.agrilib.ac.cn/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=N2012070066000322&dbcode=CYFD&dbname=CYFD
https://archive.is/RVQko
《河北卫生年鉴, 2002》 《肝脏移植手术》   来源:中国知网

864 Kidney Transplantation Technology at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/dept/second/info.htm?did=11&iid=2544&currentPage=1
https://web.archive.org/web/20160502071004/http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/dept/second/info.htm?did=11&iid=2544&currentPage=1
河北医科大学第二医院新技术新项目:肾脏移植           来源:医院官网

865 Introduction to outstanding specialist Cai Wenqing at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/excellentExpertCateryList/excellentExpertInfo.htm?ecid=41&eid=300101
https://archive.is/k1Ejh
河北医科大学第二医院优秀专家蔡文清           来源:医院官网

866 Liver Transplantation Care             Source: www.cnki.net
http://219.216.20.143:8080/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=XDJH200212083&dbcode=CJFD&dbname=cjfd2002
https://archive.is/emAn5
《肝移植护理》  来源:现代中西医结合杂志  作者:吴卫中, 边伟, 石运明

867 Introduction to Specialist Bian Wei from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/dept/expert.htm?did=19&eid=100376
https://archive.is/RGZJ5
河北医科大学第二医院专家介绍:边伟           来源:医院官网

868 Introduction to Cardiac Surgery Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.hb2h.com/extranet/dept/overview/info.htm?did=1162&p=1
https://archive.is/8bzbm
河北医科大学第二医院心脏外科                       来源:医院官网

869 Introduction to Editorial Liu Su of “Cardiovascular Surgery Magazine”
Source: Jounal of Cardiovascular Surgery
http://www.xxgwkzz.net/editors/introduction/id/404
https://archive.is/AU69H
《心血管外科杂志》编委刘苏

870 The Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University conducted first heart transplant successfully
Source: Hebei News Network
http://hebei.hebnews.cn/2011-05/20/content_2026711_2.htm
https://archive.is/Zbh0U
医大二院成功实施首例儿童心脏移植手术  来源:河北新闻网  2011-5-20

871 Brief Introduction to The Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/about/index.php?id=1
https://archive.is/l6XeX
河北医科大学第三医院简介               来源:医院官网

872 Leading Medical Technology & Features of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/jigou/shownews.php?id=2263&classid=38
https://archive.is/QE3yV
河北医科大学第三医院领先技术与特色医疗    来源:医院官网

873 Medical specialty- Hepatobiliary surgery department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/keshi/teseshow.php?infoid=21
https://archive.is/vE7Jw
河北医科大学第三医院肝胆外科-医疗特色                     来源:医院官网

874 Introduction to specialist Dou Jian at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/zhuanjia/zjshow.php?infoid=139&classid=58
https://archive.is/KsgS6
河北医科大学第三医院专家介绍:窦剑           来源:医院官网

875 Brief Introduction to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/about/index.php?id=1
https://archive.is/l6XeX
河北医科大学第三医院简介               来源:医院官网

876 Introduction to the Hepatobiliary surgery department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/keshi/teseshow.php?infoid=21
https://archive.is/vE7Jw
河北医科大学第三医院科室介绍:肝胆外科    来源:医院官网

877 Dou Jian: Liver transplant “big operationplant /teseshow.php?infoid=21al of
Source: Xinhua Health News
http://news.xinhuanet.com/health/2013-09/25/c_125437818.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160411213612/http://news.xinhuanet.com/health/2013-09/25/c_125437818.htm
窦剑:肝移植“大手术”不大 器官移植渐行渐近          来源:新华网2013年09月25日

878 Medical Specialty – Urologic Surgery department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/keshi/guke.php?id=59&classid=41
https://archive.is/vLP33
河北医科大学第三医院领先技术与特色医疗    来源:医院官网

879 Expert: Li Wenping- Urologic Surgery department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/keshi/zjshow.php?infoid=143&id=
https://archive.is/0jKsw
河北医科大学第三医院泌尿外科-专家-李文平 来源:医院官网

880 Expert: Guo Yaoxian- Urologic Surgery department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.cthhmu.com/keshi/zjshow.php?infoid=142&id=
https://archive.is/AnGYO
河北医科大学第三医院泌尿外科-专家-郭跃先 来源:医院官网

881 The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University carried out deep cooperation, speed up diversified development
Source: official web site of the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Oct. 31st, 2012
http://www.shdmu.com/detail.php?id=2514
https://archive.is/jozd8
大医二院开展深度合作,提速多元化发展  来源: 大医二院文化建设部  2012年10月31日

882 Introduction to the leaders of General Surgery of the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University – Tian Xiaofeng
Source: official web site of department of education of Liaoning Province, Sept 19th, 2012
http://www.lnein.gov.cn/Xkpt/Htm/?2296.html
https://archive.is/xKDfG
大连医科大学外科学(普外)学科带头人简介—田晓峰  来源: 辽宁省教育厅官网  2012年09月19日

883 Wang Liming – committed to clinical research of Hepatobiliary Surgery
Source: Dalian Evening News June 5th, 2012
http://www.shdmu.com/detail.php?id=1714&type=science
https://archive.is/50yTH
王立明-致力于肝胆外科临床研究  来源:《大连晚报》  2012年06月05日

884 Labor Camps and Detention Centres Around Expose Shady Deal-Organ Plotting
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/4/18/125534.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20160229181035/http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/4/18/125534.html
《各地劳教所看守所黑幕曝光(图谋器官)》 【明慧网】Apr 18, 2006

885 The Slaughter: Mass Killings: Organ Harvesting, and Chinaui.org/mh/articles/2006/4/18/125534.html/12553     Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2014, pp.297-303         Author: Ethan Gutmann,
http://chinaui.org/mh/articles/2006/4/18/125534.html/12553

886 Introduction to feature departments of the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University
http://dl.sina.com.cn/health/jkzx/2013-09-26/21084773_5.html
https://archive.is/82zid
大连医科大学附属第二医院特色科室介绍(5)

887 ntroduction Hao Fengrong of the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University
http://haofengrong.u.yynet.cn/intro.php
https://archive.is/WuRGN
大连医科大学附属第二医院 – 眼科  郝凤荣

888 Introduction Lei Xiaojun of the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University
http://www.yihu.com/doctor/ln/AD70AE4D82FD4F6B91BCC73A47CB3977.shtml?sn=710093555
https://archive.is/WuRGN
大连医科大学附属第二医院 – 眼科  雷晓军

887 TEDA International Hospital of Cardiovascular Surgery        Source: Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/81826.htm
http://archive.is/BZiWf
泰达国际心血管病医院        来源:百度百科

890 TEDA International Hospital of Cardiovascular Surgery
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tedaich.com/8690.html [original link is no longer accessible, archived as below]
http://web.archive.org/web/20150324065740/http:/www.tedaich.com/8690.html
泰达国际心血管医院心脏大血管外科               来源:医院官网

891 Present Liu Xiaocheng of TEDA International Hospital of Cardiovascular Surgery
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tedaich.com/zhuanjia-zt/yuanzhang  [original link is no longer accessible, archived as below]
http://web.archive.org/web/20110102075512/http://www.tedaich.com/zhuanjia-zt/yuanzhang
泰达国际心血管医院心脏大血管外科:刘晓程院长        来源:医院官网

892 Introduction to specialist Liu Zhigang from TEDA International Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tedaich.com/President/YZC.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160410152544/http://www.tedaich.com/President/YZC.aspx
泰达医院专家介绍:刘志刚               来源:医院官网

893 Introduction to specialist Chen Tienan from TEDA International Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.tedaich.com/Content.aspx?Type=Doc&HosNo=2
http://web.archive.org/web/20160410154106/http://www.tedaich.com/Content.aspx?Type=Doc&HosNo=2
泰达医院专家介绍:陈铁男               来源:医院官网

894 Introduction to specialist Guo Zhipeng from TEDA International Hospital
http://www.tedaich.com/Content.aspx?Type=Doc&HosNo=9
https://web.archive.org/save/http://www.tedaich.com/Content.aspx?Type=Doc&HosNo=9
泰达医院专家介绍:郭志鹏

895 TEDA International Hospital of Cardiovascular Surgery: heart transplant technology fills gap in our city
Sohu News / Source: Tianjin Daily               August 7, 2006
http://news.sohu.com/20060807/n244655919.shtml
https://archive.is/q5EVO
泰达国际心血管医院:心脏移植术填补本市空白  来源:搜狐新闻/天津日报网-北方经济时报  2006年08月07日

896 Brief Introduction to No. 281 Hospital of Beijing Military Region                     Source: Hospital official website
http://www.pla281.com/about.php
https://archive.is/CTHoR
北京军区第281医院简介   来源:医院官网

897 The Kidney Transplant Centre of No. 281 Hospital of Beijing Military Region                Source: Hospital official website
http://www.pla281.com/tszk_szyzzx.php
https://archive.is/4lWz4
北京军区第281医院肾脏移植中心   来源:医院官网

898 Coordination and Management of 313 cases of bulk kidney transplantation surgeries
Source:《Chinese Journal of Convalescent Medicine 》 Vol. 17, 2008, Issue 01, Page 8-9
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/medicalarticles/128.pdf
313 例成批同种异体肾移植手术配合的组织与管理       文章来源:《中国疗养医学》2008年17卷01期 8-9页

899 The Kidney Transplant Centre of No. 281 Hospital of Beijing Military Region                Source: Hospital official website
http://www.pla281.com/tszk_szyzzx.php
https://archive.is/4lWz4
北京军区第281医院肾脏移植中心   来源:医院官网

900 Introduction to Kidney Transplant Expert Yang Guangting of PLA No. 281 Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.pla281.com/zhuanjia.php?btype=%C4%DA%C8%DD%B6%AF%CC%AC&type=%D7%A8%BC%D2%B7%E7%B2%C9&id=15
https://archive.is/BBuH9
解放军281医院肾移植专家杨广庭   来源:医院官网

901 899Introduction to Kidney Transplant expert Pei Xiangke of PLA No. 281 Hospital
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.pla281.com/zhuanjia.php?btype=%C4%DA%C8%DD%B6%AF%CC%AC&type=%D7%A8%BC%D2%B7%E7%B2%C9&id=38
https://archive.is/XPSua
解放军281医院肾移植专家裴向克   来源:医院官网

902 Report on Two Cases of Artery Embolization in Renal Transplants
Source:《MEDICAL JOURNAL OF NATIONAL DEFENDING FORCES IN NORTH CHINA》, 2004 Feb Issue
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/medicalarticles/130.pdf
“移植肾动脉栓塞二例报告”作者:姜伟, 杨广庭, 马秉刚, 刘彦斌, 祖强, 赵红旗
(解放军281医院泌尿外科,河北,秦皇岛,066105)          来源:《华北国防医药》2004年2月第16卷1期 41-41页 4

903 Brief Introduction to The First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=102&lm=77&lm2=98
https://web.archive.org/web/20160120223956/http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=102&lm=77&lm2=98
山西医科大学第一医院简介

904 Brief history of First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
Source: official web site of First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=690&lm=77&lm2=97
https://archive.is/l0DNl
山西医科大学第一医院发展简史  来源:山西医科大学第一医院官方网站

905 National Key Development Program in Clinical Medicine – Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University      Source: Hospital official website
http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=3374&lm=80&lm2=107
https://archive.is/G1LJ5
山西医科大学第一医院国家临床重点专科建设项目—泌尿外科    来源: 医院官网

906 Shanxi’s first pancreas-kidney transplant carried out successfully
Source: Family Doctor Newspaper  Oct. 1, 2001
http://html.jthysh.com/html/html_text.asp?id=21169  [link no longer accessible, see archive below]
https://archive.is/vMgPn
山西首例胰肾联合移植手术获成功 来源:家庭医生报  2001年10月1日

907 Interview with Orthopedics Professor Liu Qiang of First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
Source: Publicity Department of the Hospital, May 17th, 2007
http://www.sydyy.cn/0zgjy/NewsShow.aspx?NID=68FDAD96FCC0AB1B
https://archive.is/7HpCh
栉风沐雨 搏击医海–记山西医科大学第一医院骨科刘强教授
来源:山西医科大学第一医院宣传部  2007年5月17日

908 Shining Surgical Table – Introduction to Bao Minsheng, Doctor of First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
Source: Hospital official website
http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=276&lm=116&lm2=175
https://archive.is/Fz0Sm
医师介绍:闪光的手术台—鲍民生  来源:山西医科大学第一医院官方网站

909 Interview with Orthopedics Professor Liu Qiang of First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
Source: Publicity Department of the Hospital, May 17th, 2007
http://www.sydyy.cn/0zgjy/NewsShow.aspx?NID=68FDAD96FCC0AB1B
https://archive.is/7HpCh
栉风沐雨 搏击医海–记山西医科大学第一医院骨科刘强教授
来源:山西医科大学第一医院宣传部  2007年5月17日

910 National Key Development Program in Clinical Medicine – Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University           Source: Hospital official website
http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=3388&lm=&lm2=107
https://archive.is/nRP3X
山西医科大学第一医院国家临床重点专科建设项目—普通外科  来源:医院官网

911 Interview with Orthopedics Professor Liu Qiang of First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University
Source: Publicity Department of the Hospital, May 17th, 2007
http://www.sydyy.cn/0zgjy/NewsShow.aspx?NID=68FDAD96FCC0AB1B
https://archive.is/7HpCh
栉风沐雨 搏击医海–记山西医科大学第一医院骨科刘强教授
来源:山西医科大学第一医院宣传部  2007年5月17日

912 Building an Elite Team with Great Strength – Introduction to Liang Zhixing, Doctor of First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University        Source: Official website of the Hospital, May 28th, 2012
http://www.sydyy.net.cn/News_View.asp?NewsID=271&lm=80&lm2=176
http://archive.is/pCHhI
带出精英集体 打造团队实力 造团梁智星         来源:医院官网-名医风采  2012年5月28日

913 The First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College-Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/2523784.htm
https://archive.is/W2Cy3
内蒙古医学院附属第一医院-百度百科

914 The Heart and great vessels Surgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College
http://www.nmgfy.com/KsAbout.aspx?id=962473fc-f838-4bd5-bea5-ff78981bf9cf&type=1
https://archive.is/YxTib
内蒙古医学院附属第一医院心脏大血管外科简介

915 The First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College-Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/2523784.htm
https://archive.is/W2Cy3
内蒙古医学院附属第一医院-百度百科

916 The Heart and great vessels Surgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College
http://www.nmgfy.com/KsAbout.aspx?id=962473fc-f838-4bd5-bea5-ff78981bf9cf&type=1
https://archive.is/YxTib
内蒙古医学院附属第一医院心脏大血管外科简介

917 Meng Xingkai ingkai  kai 脏大血管外科ery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College
http://www.mmnmgqw.org.cn/memberdetail.php?did=12&oid=28&nid=270
https://archive.is/nCWXa
内蒙古医科大学外科临床学科带头人孟兴凯

918 Medical service price list of the First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College
http://www.nmgfy.com/AboutGuide.aspx?type=jggs
http://www.nmgfy.com/Upload/flash/20151215%E6%8F%90%E4%BE%9B%E5%85%AC%E7%A4%BA%E6%94%B6%E8%B4%B9%E9%A1%B9%E7%9B%AE.swf
https://archive.is/8uPYk (price list cannot be achieved properly, need achieved to the server)
内蒙古医科大学附属医院医疗服务项目价格表 – 《内蒙古自治区医疗服务项目价格(试行)2012版》

919 Brief Introduction to The Ansteel Group Hospital
http://www.agzyy.com.cn/about/about1.asp
http://web.archive.org/web/20150525234307/http://www.agzyy.com.cn/about/about1.asp
鞍钢集团总医院简介

920 Brief Introduction to The Department of Urologic Surgery of the Ansteel Group Hospital
http://www.agzyy.com.cn/about/newscontent.asp?lsh=434
http://web.archive.org/web/20160121004915/http:/www.agzyy.com.cn/about/newscontent.asp?lsh=434
鞍钢集团总医院泌尿外科简介

921 Brief Introduction to The Department of Urologic Surgery of the Ansteel Group Hospital
http://www.agzyy.com.cn/about/newscontent.asp?lsh=796
https://archive.is/wULhZ
鞍钢集团总医院普通外科简介

922 The First Liver Transplant in Anshan Succeeded
http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2005-05-27/15186007519s.shtml
https://archive.is/xWTkP
鞍山首例肝脏移植手术成功

923 Good Doctors Online-Brief Introduction of Ansteel General Hospital
http://www.haodf.com/hospital/DE4rO-XCoLU0i2EXx47TZMZ31t/jieshao.htm
https://archive.is/U1VnI
好大夫在线:鞍钢总医院介绍

924 Brief Introduction to Chi Shuping, the director of the Department of Urologic Surgery of the Ansteel Group Hospital
http://www.yihu.com/doctor/ln/7BE50655B56E44A9866A2A42951D546D.shtml?deptId=63380
https://web.archive.org/web/20160321062053/http://www.yihu.com/doctor/ln/7BE50655B56E44A9866A2A42951D546D.shtml?deptId=63380
鞍钢集团总医院普通外科迟树平

925 Investigation report to CCP Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners  WOIPFG
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/record/2006/04/699-guan_yu_zhong_guo_da_lu_ge_di_.pdf
《追查国际》关于中国大陆各地活体摘取法轮功学员器官的调查报告  2006年4月16日

926 “Report on the Investigation of Several Major Hospitals in Anshan City and Shenyang City in Liaoning
Province Regarding Illegal Organ Harvesting (Part 1).s Minghui.org July 2, 2006.
http://en.minghui.org/emh/articles/2006/7/2/75030.html
关于辽宁鞍山, 沈阳几大医院参与器官移植的调查报告

927 Introduction to Shanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
Source: China Latitude and Longitude,   dated:   August 22, 2003
http://www.huaxia.com/sh/dyzn/yy/qg/00099582.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160126182439/http://www.huaxia.com/sh/dyzn/yy/qg/00099582.html
山西省人民医院简介           华夏经纬网           August 22, 2003

928 Our liver transplant technology leads Shanxi Provincial
http://www.sxsrmyy.com/ss/tindex.asp?id=6228
https://archive.is/FqIV0
我院肝移植技术领跑全省

929 Introduction to the leaders of Shanxi Provincial People’s
http://www.sxws.cn/hos/home/SecondaryGK.aspx?UnitID=33501&set=3
https://web.archive.org/web/20160314112604/http://www.sxws.cn/hos/home/SecondaryGK.aspx?UnitID=33501&set=3
山西省人民医院领导介绍

930 Interview with Xu Jun, the Vice President of Shanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
Xinhua Net Health Information     January 16, 2014
http://news.xinhuanet.com/health/2014-01/16/c_125997535_2.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160126185051/http://news.xinhuanet.com/health/2014-01/16/c_125997535_2.htm
山西省人民医院副院长普外科主任徐钧专访    新华网健康信息    2014年01月16日

931 Brief Introduction to Dalian Friendship Hospital
http://www.dlyyyy.com/about.html (Invalid hostname)
http://web.archive.org/web/20151020090131/http://www.dlyyyy.com/about.html
大连友谊医院简介

932 Liver Transplantation and Kidney Transplantation Give Life Another Chance
Source: Dalian News Net  2006-09-27
http://www.dlxww.com/gb/daliandaily/2006-09/27/content_1508203.htm
https://archive.is/6luDb
肝移植, 肾移植,让生命再现朝阳-大连新闻网 2006-09-27

933 Liver Transplantation and Kidney Transplantation Give Life Another Chance
Source: Dalian News Net  2006-09-27
http://www.dlxww.com/gb/daliandaily/2006-09/27/content_1508203.htm
https://archive.is/6luDb
肝移植, 肾移植,让生命再现朝阳-大连新闻网 2006-09-27

934 Liver Transplantation and Kidney Transplantation Give Life Another Chance
Source: Dalian News Net  2006-09-27
http://www.dlxww.com/gb/daliandaily/2006-09/27/content_1508203.htm
https://archive.is/6luDb
肝移植, 肾移植,让生命再现朝阳-大连新闻网 2006-09-27

935 Brief Introduction to The No.463 Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army
http://www.463.cn/about/Introduction/
http://web.archive.org/web/20150811005828/http://463.cn/about/Introduction/
解放军463 医院简介

936 Introduction to the Urologic Surgery Department of PLA No. 463 Hospital
http://www.shenyang463.com/yyjj/
https://archive.is/6mohv
中国人民解放军第463医院(泌尿外科)-医院简介

937 The PLA No. 463 Hospital, lvse.com
http://www.lvse.com/site/463-cn-5518.html
https://archive.is/Lecsn
中国人民解放军第四六三医院绿色网

938 No.463 Hospital of People’s Liberation Army – The Department of Urologic Surgery
http://www.463.cn/show.php?mesid=67
http://web.archive.org/web/20160121010735/http://www.463.cn/show.php?mesid=67
解放军463 医院-泌尿外科

939 The General Surgery Department of Shenyang No. 463 Hospital
http://www.463.cn/show.php?mesid=63
https://archive.is/pLRDE
沈阳463医院-普外科

940 PLA No. 463 Hospital Establishes the Largest Eye Bank in Northeastern China, Chinaeye.com
http://jinshi.chinaeye.com/content/10818/                      Refer to the webpage archived in 2012:
http://web.archive.org/web/20121219191228/http://jinshi.chinaeye.com/content/10818/
解放军463医院建立东北地区最大的角膜库, 康华眼科网

941 Chief surgeon Guo Hongxin of the urologic surgery department of PLA No. 463 Hospital
http://www.jlltrcw.com/zjfc/69.html
郭宏欣主任医师-沈阳军区463医院泌尿科

942 Introduction of Director Guo Hongxin of the urologic surgery department of PLA No. 463 Hospital
http://www.lngamma463.com/zhuanti/zj-ghx/
http://archive.is/5tMA6
解放军第四六三医院泌尿外科主任郭宏欣介绍

941 Introduction of doctor Shi Qixin at PLA No. 463 Hospital
http://www.lnsyjk.com/zjfc/695.html
沈阳解放军463医院石歧兴介绍

944 Brief Introduction to The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://www.jdyy.cn/index.php/yygk/info/id/4.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160117152429/http://www.jdyy.cn/index.php/yygk/info/id/4.html
吉林大学第一医院简介

945 Brief Introduction to The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://www.jdyy.cn/index.php/yygk/info/id/4.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160117152429/http://www.jdyy.cn/index.php/yygk/info/id/4.html
吉林大学第一医院简介

946 PhD Advisor (Urologic Surgery) of The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University,
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://www.jdyy.cn/index.php/yjsjy/doctor/id/3456.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20150322063753/http://jdyy.cn/index.php/yjsjy/doctor/id/3456.html
吉林大学第一医院外科学博导(泌尿外)傅耀文

947 Unit Two of Urologic Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University,
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://jdyy.cn/index.php/keshi/about/id/16.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326151910/http://jdyy.cn/index.php/keshi/about/id/16.html
吉林大学第一医院泌尿外二科

948 FuYaowen,   Source: Jilin Jilin Celebrity
http://mr699.cn/html/13413.html
https://archive.is/v3Xxl
傅耀文    吉林名人网

949 Unit Two of Urologic Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://jdyy.cn/index.php/keshi/about/id/16.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326151910/http://jdyy.cn/index.php/keshi/about/id/16.html
吉林大学第一医院泌尿外二科

950 Unit One of Urologic Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University,
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://www.jdyy.cn/index.php/keshi/about/id/1.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20150406043538/http://jdyy.cn/index.php/keshi/about/id/1.html
吉林大学第一医院泌尿外一科

951 Unit One of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University,
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://www.gdywk.com/nry.asp?id=1
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326153852/http://www.gdywk.com/nry.asp?id=1
吉林大学第一医院肝胆胰外一科

952 Unit Two of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University,
Source: The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University official web site
http://www.jdyygdywk.com/single.asp?gid=1
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326154601/http://www.jdyygdywk.com/single.asp?gid=1
吉林大学第一医院肝胆胰外二科

953 Underground Organ Transplant Centre at The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Epoch Times, June 11, 2013
http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/6/11/13/n1519905.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160313162612/http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/6/11/13/n1519905.htm
吉林大学第一医院的地下器官移植中心 林大纪元

954 Introduction to Nanjing First Hospital
http://www.njsdyyy.com/benyuanjieshao/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160423211210/http://www.njsdyyy.com/benyuanjieshao/
南京市第一医院介绍

955 Brief Introduction to Nanjing First Hospital, Medical Information Network
http://www.chinamedicalinfor.com/hospital/119
https://web.archive.org/web/20160312232356/http://www.chinamedicalinfor.com/hospital/119
南京市第一医院简介- 医疗情报网

956 Introduction to Nanjing First Hospital
http://www.njsdyyy.com/benyuanjieshao/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160423211210/http://www.njsdyyy.com/benyuanjieshao/
南京市第一医院介绍

957 First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Cardiothoracic Surgery Department – Good Doctors Online
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUEQ5dgRinOCoXXJe/jieshao.htm
http://archive.is/sQ9X2
南京医科大学第一附属医院心胸外科介绍 – 好大夫在线

958 Nanjing First Hospital Successfully completed “2nd Heart” Transplantation for A Patient
http://www.njdaily.cn/2014/0107/719635.shtml
http://archive.is/pAG8k
南京市一院成功完成“二次”心脏移植手术

959 Nanjing First Hospital Successfully completed “2nd Heart” Transplantation for A Patient
http://www.njdaily.cn/2014/0107/719635.shtml
http://archive.is/pAG8k
南京市一院成功完成“二次”心脏移植手术

960 Nanjing First Hospital Successfully completed heart transplantation for two patients simultaneously
Source: People Net    Dated: June 23, 2014
http://sh.people.com.cn/n/2014/0623/c134810-21489150.html
https://archive.is/tVE35
南京医生同时为两病人“换心”成功       来源:人民网        日期:2014年06月23日

961 Doctor: ChenXin of  Nanjing First Hospital
http://zhouhz.yl016.84684.net/zxdt/23592.html
NOTE: The above link is for reference only, and has been disabled because the original website no longer exists.
Furthermore, the original website has been identified by Google as possibly having one or more pages containing malware, and may subsequently present a security warning if an attempt is made to access it.
Please use instead the archive link below to view the referenced article.

https://archive.is/Csl1d
南京市第一医院陈鑫 主任医师 教授 简介

962 ChenXin: Bring new hope to the critically ill patients
http://www.jsjjw.cn/tongyong/renwen/2013-10/17/content_282270.htm
https://archive.is/43qbV
陈鑫: 为危重患者提供“心”的希望

963 Brief Introduction to Baogang Hospital  (needs to go to the brief introduction tab)
http://www.baoganghospital.cn/
https://web.archive.org/web/20150717024008/http://www.baoganghospital.cn/
包钢医院简介

964 Introduction to Baogang Hospital-Baike.com
http://www.baike.com/wiki/包钢职工医院
http://web.archive.org/web/20160303023010/http://www.baike.com/wiki/%E5%8C%85%E9%92%A2%E8%81%8C%E5%B7%A5%E5%8C%BB%E9%99%A2
包钢职工医院-互动百科

965 Brief Introduction to Baogang Hospital  (needs to go to the brief introduction tab)
http://www.baoganghospital.cn/
https://web.archive.org/web/20150717024008/http://www.baoganghospital.cn/
包钢医院简介

966 Introduction to the Department of General Surgery of Baogang Hospital
Source: official web site of Baogang Hospital: bg2.nilaiwowang.cn
http://bg2.nilaiwowang.cn/ksts_l.asp?Ufo=11
https://archive.is/pQaKr
包钢职工医院科室介绍—普通外科

967 Introduction to Liu Zhizhong of the Urology Department of Baogang Hospital
http://www.baoganghospital.cn/zjtj_l.asp?Ufo=83
https://archive.is/9MsDi
包钢职工医院专家介绍—泌尿外科 刘致中

968 Introduction to the Department of Ophthalmology of Baogang Hospital
http://bg2.nilaiwowang.cn/ksts_l.asp?Ufo=22
https://archive.is/x5OSQ
包钢职工医院科室介绍—眼科

969 Brief Introduction to the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University
http://www.54dr.com/news/201309/101079.html    Refer to its archive:
https://web.archive.org/web/20151203101720/http://www.54dr.com/news/201309/101079.html
哈尔滨医科大学附一院简介

970 Introduction to the General Surgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUOzdTXx47TZMZ31t/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160313163458/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUOzdTXx47TZMZ31t/jieshao.htm
哈尔滨医科大学附一院普外科介绍

971 Introduction to the Ophthalmology Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University
http://www.hydyk.com/web/detail/,P=0,ID=S8R26V97H0O76569.shtml
https://archive.is/RYrj5
哈尔滨医科大学附一院眼科医院介绍

972 Introduction to Liuping, the dean of the Cornea Hospital affiliated with the Harbin Medical University
http://www.hydyk.com/web/detail/,P=0,ID=H44V591O14Y21H99.shtml
https://archive.is/ZfiVQ
哈医大一院眼科医院院长-刘平简介

973 Brief Introduction to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University
http://www.hrbmush.edu.cn/system/2013/09/16/000715856.shtml
https://web.archive.org/web/20150705092342/http://www.hrbmush.edu.cn/system/2013/09/16/000715856.shtml
哈尔滨医科大学附属第二医院简介

974 the longest survival patient in China after heart transplant died.
http://news.sohu.com/20101120/n277783660.shtml
https://archive.is/rglT4
我国心脏移植术后存活时间最长“换心人”病逝

975 The 2nd affiliated hospital of Harbin medical university successfully performed a second heart transplant on the same patient, a rare surgery in the world
http://news.my399.com/system/2012095/000445088.html
https://archive.is/YV8XA
哈尔滨医大二院成功完成世界罕见“二次心脏移植手术”

976 The 2nd affiliated hospital of Harbin medical university successfully performed the first multi-organ transplant http://www.my399.com/node_3032/content_1677824.htm
哈医大二院完成多器官同时移植

977
http://www.hrbmu.edu.cn/xq/zjjj/hdn.html
韩德恩教授著名普外科专家

978 Overview of Changhai Hospital Affiliated with the Second Military Medical University
http://www.chhospital.com.cn/index.php?r=site/survey
https://archive.is/2ZajB
上海长海医院概况

979 The Urology Surgery Department at Changhai Hospital: Kidney Transplantation
http://www.chhospital.com.cn/index.php?r=department/chardetail&dep_id=3751&char_id=16
https://web.archive.org/web/20150911112016/http://www.chhospital.com.cn/index.php?r=department/chardetail&char_id=16&dep_id=3751
长海医院泌尿外科:肾脏移植

980 The medical specialties of Changhai Hospital: kidney transplant
http://www.chhospital.com.cn/dept/dept4/special/special4.htm (This website is no longer available. Please refer to the archived webpage.)
https://web.archive.org/web/20080510054453/http://www.chhospital.com.cn/dept/dept4/special/special4.htm
长海医院特色医疗:肾脏移植

981 Zeng Li, director of organ transplantation centre, Changhai Hospital affiliated with Second Military Medical University
http://www.chhospital.com.cn/index.php?r=doctor&doc_id=484
https://archive.is/hSSFT
第二军医大学长海医院器官移植中心主任:曾力

982 Zhu Youhua, organ transplantation centre, Changhai Hospital affiliated with Second Military Medical Universityhttp://zyouh.u.yynet.cn/intro.php
https://archive.is/ol67I
第二军医大学长征医院器官移植中心,朱有华

983 Zhu Youhua, organ transplantation centre, Changhai Hospital affiliated with Second Military Medical University
http://www.chhospital.com.cn/index.php?r=doctor/detail&doc_id=483
https://archive.is/Dly2t
第二军医大学长征医院器官移植中心,朱有华

984 Renowned Nephrology Expert Li Baochun in Shanghai Jumps to His Death, May 24, 2007
Sina News / Source: Yangtse Evening Post
http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2007-05-24/074213063190.shtml
https://web.archive.org/web/20160126025827/http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2007-05-24/074213063190.shtml
上海著名肾脏病学专家李保春跳楼身亡-新浪新闻

985 Brief Introduction to Zhongshan People’s Hospital – Interactive Encyclopedia
http://www.baike.com/wiki/中山市人民医院
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124012944/http://www.baike.com/wiki/中山市人民医院
中山市人民医院简介互动百科

986 The Organ Transplant Centre at Zhongshan People’s Hospital
http:/www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=148dcfda-0554-4c
https:/web.archive.org/web/20160124012911/http://www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=148dcfda-0554-4c
中山医院器官移植中心

987 Organ Transplant History of Zhongshan People’s Hospital
http:/www.zsph.com/archives.action?id=4,171
https:/archive.is/5Ooif
中山人民医院器官移植工作开展大事记

988 The Organ Transplant Centre at Zhongshan People’s Hospital
http:/www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=148dcfda-0554-4c
https:/web.archive.org/web/20160124012911/http://www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=148dcfda-0554-4c
中山院器官移植中心

989 Three organ transplants conducted simultaneously for the first time
http://www.zsph.com/archives.action?id=3394
https://archive.is/Dj2r4
三大器官移植首次同时进行,柳叶刀尖上演“生死转换”

990 Brief Introduction to the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department at Zhongshan People’s Hospital
http://www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=deb61bc5-0723-46
https://archive.is/3D7pq
中山医院肝胆外科简介

991 Relying on the power of our specialists Zhongshan Medical Organ Transplant Professional Committee established
http://www.zsph.com/archives.action?id=3245
https://archive.is/1Adjh
依托我院专家力量 中山市医学会器官移植专业委员会成立

992 The Organ Transplant Centre at Zhongshan People’s Hospital
http://www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=148dcfda-0554-4c
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124012911/http://www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=148dcfda-0554-4c
中山医院器官移植中心

993 Introduction to the Ophthalmology Department at Zhongshan People’s Hospital
http://www.zsph.com/Department.action?m=getDept&depSn=fb297cea-ced6-46
https://archive.is/aboCH
中山人民医院医院眼科医疗中心

994 Overview of People’s Liberation Army No. 81 Hospital
http://www.81yy.com/page.php?cate=217183
(the content of this page changed, refer to the archived page)
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125192432/http://www.81yy.com/page.php?cate=217183
第八一医院概况

995 Overview of PLA Liver Centre at People’s Liberation Army No. 81 Hospital
http://www.81.cn/zghjy/2015-04/09/content_6435894.htm
https://archive.is/GFkTN
八一医院:全军肝病中心

996 Overview of PLA Liver Centre at People’s Liberation Army No. 81 Hospital
http://www.81.cn/zghjy/2015-04/09/content_6435894_2.htm
https://archive.is/p7ewk
八一医院:全军肝病中心

997 The Surgical Oncology Department of People’s Liberation Army No. 81 Hospital
http://www.81.cn/zghjy/2015-01/13/content_6306834.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160313061458/http://www.81.cn/zghjy/2015-01/13/content_6306834.htm
中国人民解放军第八一医院:肿瘤外科

998 Brief introduction to Wang Xuan: the director of the liver transplant centre: at PLA No. 81 hospital
http://wangxuan7.81yy.com/ask.php?ctrl=one&id=180595
https://archive.is/apMpJ
解放军八一医院医生简介:肝移植中心主任王轩

999 The liver transplant technology at People’s Liberation Army No. 81 Hospital
http://www.81yy.com/news.php?id=10666
https://archive.is/HtLcq
第八一医院肿瘤外科特色技术之二–肝移植技术

1000 Exclusive interview with director Wang Xuan regarding the cure of liver cancer – Nanjing Morning News
http://www.81yy.com/news.php?id=10782
https://archive.is/OaV8z
南京晨报–王轩主任专访:不同阶段肝癌的相应治疗

1001 Brief Introduction to Anhui Provincial Hospital
http://www.ahslyy.com.cn/web/Content.aspx?chn=253&id=16
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125062332/http://www.ahslyy.com.cn/web/Content.aspx?chn=253&id=16
安徽省立医院简介

1002 Liu Hongtao, Anhui Provincial Hospital General Surgery, Urology, Organ Transplant In-Patient Ward
Source: Headline Today  toutiao.com…August 11, 2015
http:/toutiao.com/a5334274081/
https://archive.is/TN47T
安省立医院普外科,泌尿外科器官移植病房刘洪涛                         来源:今日头条  2015年8月11日

1003 Brief Introduction to the Liver Transplant Centre at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University
http://qgyz.ayfy.com/data/23169/detail.php?thisid=1
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125045813/http://qgyz.ayfy.com/data/23169/detail.php?thisid=1
安徽医科大学第一附属医院肝移植中心简介

1004 Introduction to Geng Xiaoping, the director of the Liver Transplant Centre at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University
http://qgyz.ayfy.com/data/23169/detail.php?thisid=2
https://archive.is/xEIbu
安徽医科大学第一附属医院肝移植中心耿小平

1005 Expert Zhao Hongchuan of General Surgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University
http://qgyz.ayfy.com/data/23169/detail.php?thisid=4
https://archive.is/znMck
安徽医科大学第一附属医院专家:赵红川

1006 Hospitalization process (liver transplant note)
http://qgyz.ayfy.com/data/23169/detail.php?thisid=11
https://archive.is/PdH6y
住院流程(肝移植注意事项)   来源:安徽医科大学第一附属医院肝移植中心

1007 Introduction to the Liver Transplant Centre at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University
http://qgyz.ayfy.com/data/23169/detail.php?thisid=1
https://archive.is/feIrH
安徽医科大学第一附属医院科室介绍:肝移植中心

1008 Organ Transplant Centre held the first Conference of Friends of liver transplant in Anhui Province
http://www.ayfy.com/menhuweb/show.php?itemid=3335
https://archive.is/bcycy
器官移植中心举办安徽省第一届肝友大会

1009 Our hospital’s transplant centre patented a patient follow-up software
http://www.ayfy.com/menhuweb/show.php?itemid=5089
https://archive.is/5J20V
我院器官移植中心发明随访软件获国家专利

1010 Introduction to the urological surgery department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University
http://mnwk.ayfy.com/page/html/company.php
https://archive.is/bvH2e
安徽医科大学第一附属医院科室介绍:泌尿外科

1011 Introduction to Fujian Provincial Hospital, Source: Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/1193574.htm
https://archive.is/3L0pB
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:http://baike.baidu.com/view/1193574.htm&num=1&strip=1&vwsrc=0
福建省立医院介绍, 来源:百度百科

1012 Fujian Provincial Hospital service price searching result
http://www.fjsl.com.cn/Price.asp?key=%D2%C6%D6%B2&Flag=0
https://archive.is/ptEuh
福建省立医院收费项目价格查询结果

1013 Fujian Provincial Hospital service price searching result
http://www.fjsl.com.cn/Price.asp?key=%D2%C6%D6%B2&Flag=0
https://archive.is/ptEuh
福建省立医院收费项目价格查询结果

1014 Fujian Provincial Hospital service price searching result
http://www.fjsl.com.cn/Price.asp?key=%D2%C6%D6%B2&Flag=0
https://archive.is/nayfY
福建省立医院收费项目价格查询结果

1015 Fujian Provincial Hospital service price searching result
http://www.fjsl.com.cn/Price.asp?key=%D2%C6%D6%B2&Flag=0
https://archive.is/7b8x7
福建省立医院收费项目价格查询结果

1016 Department of urological surgery at Fujian Provincial Hospital
Source: Good doctors Online:  haodf.com
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUIjrtTQgjgKEL-rP/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125050901/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUIjrtTQgjgKEL-rP/jieshao.htm
福建省立医院泌尿外科  来源:好大夫在线

1017 Yan Maolin, Department of hepatobiliary surgery at Fujian Provincial Hospital
http://www.fjsl.com.cn/Doctor/Content.asp?dr_id=395
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125051157/http://www.fjsl.com.cn/Doctor/Content.asp?dr_id=395
福建省立医院肝胆外科严茂林

1018 Brief Introduction to The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University
http://www.xmfh.com.cn/index.php?m=page&a=index&hcid=36
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125053519/http://www.xmfh.com.cn/index.php?m=page&a=index&hcid=36
厦门大学附属第一医院简介

1019 Over 20 Allogeneic Liver Transplantations Successfully Completed in 5 Years, Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Vascular Surgery at The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University Creates Repeated Successes with Great Talents
http://www.xmfh.com.cn/index.php?m=base&a=show&hcid=42&id=1146
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125053808/http://www.xmfh.com.cn/index.php?m=base&a=show&hcid=42&id=1146
5年成功完成20多例同种异体肝移植   市第一医院肝胆胰血管外科人才集聚,屡创佳绩

1020 2014 trainees pamphlets for resident recruit standardization training
http://www.xmfh.com.cn/index.php?m=base&a=show&hcid=88&id=110
https://archive.is/o05m6
2014年招收住院医师规范化培训学员简章

1021 Xiamen First Hospital Breakthrough: two cases of liver transplantation in one day
http://www.hbver.com/Article/gyhjqt/gyz/200308/1969.html
https://archive.is/qsRYE
厦门第一医院新突破:一天两例肝移植  来源:厦门晚报  2003-8-12

1022 Xiamen First Hospital carried out more than 20 cases liver transplants in 5 years
http://www.xmfh.com.cn/index.php?m=base&a=show&hcid=42&id=1146
https://archive.is/W5piN
5年成功完成20多例同种异体肝移植 市第一医院肝胆胰血管外科人才集聚,屡创佳绩

1023 Brief Introduction to Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.jxsrmyy.cn/article/about/introduce.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125184550/http://www.jxsrmyy.cn/article/about/introduce.html
江西省人民医院简介

1024 Brief Introduction to Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital, China Health Network
http://www.chealth.org.cn/mon/hospitals/article/MG143028649.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160313073217/http://www.chealth.org.cn/mon/hospitals/article/MG143028649.html
江西省人民医院简介- 中国公众健康网

1025 Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital Department of Organ Transplantation             Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.jxsrmyy.cn/article/keshi/waike/2012/0721/116.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125055057/http://www.jxsrmyy.cn/article/keshi/waike/2012/0721/116.html
江西省人民医院器官移植科

1026 Organ transplantation department included into Jiangxi leading medical discipline construction project list
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/news/Hospitalnews/2013/0216/1660.html
https://archive.is/k5GV8
器官移植科列入江西省医学领先学科建设计划项目

1027 Organ transplantation has become an important means to treat patients with severe liver and kidney diseases
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/news/mediafocus/2015/0126/4860.html
https://archive.is/Ao7y5
器官移植术成为救治肝肾重症病人的重要手段   日期:2015-01-19 15:12    信息来源:江西日报  作者:沈毅轩

1028 Department of Organ Transplantation carried out 6 organ transplants within 19 hours
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/article/publication/di2015nian05qi/di06ban_keshido/2015/0818/5737.html
https://archive.is/9AZTg
器官移植科19小时成功完成6例器官移植手术  日期:2015-06-02 15:37    信息来源:宣传科    作者:罗昭淦

1029 Twelve transplant patients got newborn on New Year’s Eve
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/news/Hospitalnews/2014/0130/3401.html
https://archive.is/TlCz9
12位移植患者大年三十获新生  日期:2014-01-30 15:43    信息来源:宣传科   作者:罗昭淦

1030 Three transplant patients got newborn on the Lantern Festival Night
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/news/Hospitalnews/2014/0215/3463.html
https://archive.is/CzorU
元宵夜三名移植患者获新生 医护人员加班过节  2014-02-15 15:19    信息来源:宣传科    作者:罗昭淦

1031 Our Hospital completed one rescue liver transplantation
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/news/Hospitalnews/2014/0214/3462.html
https://archive.is/XJlJ8
我院完成一例抢救性肝移植  2014-02-14 17:58    信息来源:宣传科    作者:罗昭

1032 The official opening of the new ward for Organ Transplantation department
http://ww.jxsrmyy.cn/article/publication/di2013_11qi/di03ban_zonghexinw/2013/1209/3202.html
https://archive.is/umVHQ
器官移植科新病区正式启用  日期:2013-12-09 16:51    信息来源:移植科    作者:胡丽芳

1033 Li Xinchang, director of department of organ transplantation, Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital –
http://www.jxsrmyy.cn/article/zhuangjia/waike/qiguanyizhike/5413.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20150815025419/http://jxsrmyy.cn/article/zhuangjia/waike/qiguanyizhike/5413.html江西省人民医院器官移植科主任李新长

1034 Introduction to Cui Hua from ophthalmology department of Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r08xQdKSLuDmwaozM21bXlzuR.htm?%3E.htm
https://archive.is/ZVW4U
江西省人民医院眼科中心崔华大夫简介

1035 Brief Introduction to The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
http://www.cdyfy.com/gw.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125055459/http://www.cdyfy.com/gw.htm
南昌大学第一附属医院简介

1036 Department of Organ Transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
http://www.cdyfy.com/ksjs/ksjs.asp?kscode1=0208
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125060010/http://www.cdyfy.com/ksjs/ksjs.asp?kscode1=0208
南昌大学第一附属器官移植科

1037 The list of master’s advisors at the Medicine School of Nanchang University
http://www.doc88.com/p-084374050234.html
https://archive.is/WxULS
南昌大学医学院硕士生导师情况表

1038 Department of Organ Transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
http://www.cdyfy.com/ksjs/ksjs.asp?kscode1=0208
https://web.archive.org/web/20160125060010/http://www.cdyfy.com/ksjs/ksjs.asp?kscode1=0208
南昌大学第一附属器官移植科

1039 Brief Introduction to Weifang Peoples’ Hospital
http://www.wfph.cn/html/4/column_4_1.html
http://archive.is/ARsBb
潍坊市人民医院简介

1040 Weifang launches “Hospital director online”, interview with the People’s Hospital director
http://weifang.dzwww.com/wfxwn/201305/t20130516_8389971.htm
https://archive.is/KMiqS
潍坊”院长在线”启动 人民医院院长做客访谈

1041 The Department of Urologic Surgery at Weifang People’s Hospital
http://www.wfph.cn/html/843/2009/20090415211000734821050/20090415211000734821050_1.html
https://archive.is/2bx3Y
271 潍坊市人民医院泌尿外科

1042 Brief Introduction to Lu Hongkai, director of Weifang Peoples’ Hospital
http://www.wfph.cn/html/8/column_8_1.html
https://archive.is/RKqYh
潍坊市人民医院院长卢洪凯简介

1043 Liu Ludong, director of urologic surgery department     http://www.wfph.cn/cms/webapp/preview.jsp?ColumnID=847&TID=20090423113046888163581
https://archive.is/oOSf7
潍坊市人民医院泌尿外科主任医师— 刘鲁东

1044 The Clinical Application of Modified Donor Liver Procurement in the Procedure of Orthotopic Liver Transplantation
ActaAcademiaeMedicinaeWeifang, 2007, Vol. 29, Issue 3, p.253-255
Authors: Chunyou Li, Weibao Ding, Sen Li, GuanyiZhuang
http://eng.oversea.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?recid=&FileName=MAKE200703028&DbName=cjfd2007&DbCode=CJFD
http://archive.is/qquWo
改良式供肝获取在原位肝移植中的临床应用,《潍坊医学院学报》2007年29卷03期 253-255页, 作者:李春友, 丁维宝, 李森, 庄冠一(潍坊医学院附属潍坊市人民医院肝胆外科,山东,潍坊,261041)

1045 Brief Introduction to Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_1427/Index.aspx
https://archive.is/xI1Yf
贵州省人民医院简介

1046 Our hospital conducted the first liver transplant successfully
http://book.5055.cn/Item/32.aspx
https://archive.is/xOmlG
我院施行首例肝移植手术获得成功

1047 Brief Introduction to Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_1427/Index.aspx
https://archive.is/xI1Yf
贵州省人民医院简介

1048 The Department Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_342/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123153130/http://www.5055.cn/Category_342/Index.aspx
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科

1049 Specialist Huang Jianzhao from The Department of  Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Item/13731.aspx
https://archive.is/iLzvX
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科专家黄建钊

1050 The Department Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital– haodf.com
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLFCUmLgzM21bXlzuR/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123153158/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLFCUmLgzM21bXlzuR/jieshao.htm
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科-好大夫在线

1051 Saving life, no regrets – A report about Standing Committee Zhang Zhongmin of Nanming District CPPCC
(Chinese People’s Political Consultative Committee)
http://www.gzzxb.com/pages/ShowBook.aspx?ID=2AE071FE-2CA3-45A5-BAEF-E863732A2FD8
https://archive.is/67HzK
救死扶伤 无怨无悔——记南明区政协常委张忠民

1052 Specialist Fan Wei from The Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.gzzxb.org.cn/pages/ShowBook.aspx?ID=2AE071FE-2CA3-45A5-BAEF-E863732A2FD8
https://archive.is/kIpJI
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科专家范伟

1053 Medical service price adjustment list at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital– haodf.com
www.5055.cn/UploadFiles/hzfw/2016/1/201601180927542284.xls  (need backup the excel file into the server)
贵州省人民医院医疗服务价格调整表

1054 2009 Sponsored Funds for  Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://book.5055.cn/Item/2013.aspx
https://archive.is/v2vX0
贵州省人民医院2009年度获资助基金

1055 Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital- Cardiac Surgical Department Branch at Bijie Inaugurated
http://news.bjsyqw.com/2015/0810/43357.shtml
https://archive.is/s7XAZ
贵州省人民医院毕节分院心脏外科挂牌成立

1056 The Department of Ophthalmology at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_234/Index.aspx
https://archive.is/hOT0g
贵州省人民医院眼科

1057 Brief Introduction to Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital
http://www.nkhospital.com.cn/v2008/pages.php?alias=yygk
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124010540/http://www.nkhospital.com.cn/v2008/pages.php?alias=yygk
海南省农垦总局医院简介

1058 Living donor kidney transplant- Continuation of the family lifeline
http://www.nkhospital.com.cn/v2008/details.php?id=393
https://archive.is/kQvL5
活体肾移植手术-延续亲情的命脉

1059 Brief Introduction to the department of urological surgery at Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital
http://www.nkhospital.com.cn/v2008/details.php?id=107
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124030112/http://www.nkhospital.com.cn/v2008/details.php?id=107
农垦医院泌尿外科简介

1060 Professor Xiao Jingzhu from Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital
http://bbs.tianya.cn/post-hn-24996-1.shtml
https://archive.is/pZWlv
大器早成的肖劲逐教授

1061 Xiao Jingzhu from Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital
http://baike.baidu.com/view/3407066.htm
https://archive.is/6xC8S
肖劲逐-海南省农垦总局医院  来源:百度百科

1062 Introduction to Xiao Jinzhu, president of Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital
http://www.hnyhyj.com/guwen/?guwen_70.html
https://archive.is/uZWgv
海南省农垦总医院院长肖劲逐介绍

1063 Department of kidney transplantation and nephrology at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital
http://www.zzsqy.com.cn/OfficeDescription-3.html
https://archive.is/Q0kgX
郑州市第七人民医院肾移植肾内科介绍

1064 No. 7  People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou City conducted more than 2,000 kidney transplants
http://baike.baidu.com/view/1868324.htm
https://archive.is/ZfWv0
郑州市第七人民医院肾移植手术2000余例

1065 Introduction to the Department of Kidney Transplantation and Nephrology at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital
http://www.zzsqy.com.cn/OfficeDescription-3.html
https://archive.is/Q0kgX
郑州市七人民医院-肾移植肾内科介绍

1066 Department of Kidney Transplantation and Nephrology at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital – Current situation
http://www.zzsqy.com.cn/OfficeNewsDetail-38.html
https://archive.is/Srlbv
郑州市第七人民医院肾移植肾内科  科室动态

1067 Department of Kidney Transplantation and Nephrology at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital
http://www.zzsqy.com.cn/OfficeDescription-3.html
https://archive.is/Q0kgX
郑州市第七人民医院肾移植肾内科介绍

1068 Department of Kidney Transplantation and Nephrology at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital – Current situation
http://www.zzsqy.com.cn/OfficeNewsDetail-38.html
https://archive.is/Srlbv
郑州市第七人民医院肾移植肾内科  科室动态

1069 Department of Kidney Transplantation and Nephrology at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital – Wang, Changan,
Source: Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital, Dated: May 29, 2014
http://www.zzsqy.com.cn/Doctor-27.html
https://archive.is/CxwkB
郑州市第七人民医院肾移植肾内科-王长安, 来源:郑州市七人民医院, 日期:5/29/2014

1070 Department of Urological Surgery at Zhengzhou No. 7 People’s Hospital – Han, Lin
http://www.51etong.com/s/ysdq/dq17541.shtml
https://archive.is/816Go
韩林(郑州市第七人民医院)泌尿外科,  来源:郑州市七人民医院, 日期:4/27/2016

1071 Brief Introduction to Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/yiyuangaikuang/
https://archive.is/SJ31x
330 东风总医院简介

1072 Organ Transplant and Brest Surgery Department
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/qiguanyizhi/
https://archive.is/ZkHcG
器官移植乳腺外科, 来源:东风总医院

1073 “Organ Transplant” of General Hospital Awarded First “Shiyan Business Card” Title,
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/dongfengyilin/yiyuanyaowen/2011/1102/7158.html
https://archive.is/WUH4j
总医院“器官移植”荣获首届“十堰名片”称号,来源:东风总医院

1074 “Organ Transplant” of General Hospital Awarded First “Shiyan Business Card” Title,
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/dongfengyilin/yiyuanyaowen/2011/1102/7158.html
https://archive.is/WUH4j
总医院“器官移植”荣获首届“十堰名片”称号,来源:东风总医院

1075 Brief Introduction to the Department of Urologic Surgery at Dongfeng General Hospital,
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/miniaoke/
https://archive.is/UE8Mc
东风公司总医院泌尿外科简介,来源:东风总医院

1076 Dong Feng General Hospital Has Successfully Completed Over 400 Cases of Organ Transplant
Source: 10yan.com (Shiyan Evening News)
http://syrb.10yan.com/html/20101228/170270.html
http://archive.is/uVgBQ
东风总医院已成功移植器官400余例,来源:秦楚网讯(十堰晚报)

1077 Organ Transplantation Breast Surgery
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/qiguanyizhi/
https://archive.is/ZkHcG
器官移植乳腺外科

1078 The City’s “Business Card” Ensures our Safety and Good Health
Source: Dongfeng General Hospital
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/dongfengyilin/xingyedongtai/2010/1229/6064.html
http://archive.is/ujOs8
熠熠明珠耀车城 城市名片保安康, 来源:东风总医院

1079 Woman donated her Kidney to Save Her Brother
Source: 10yan.com (Shiyan Evening News)
http://www.10yan.com/html/News/tbbd/2010-11/27/09202642.html
http://archive.is/sFHjJ
姐姐捐肾救弟演绎至爱亲情, 来源:秦楚网讯(十堰晚报)

1080 45 Organ Transplant Completed in Shiyan Last Year
Source: 10yan.com (Shiyan Evening News)
http://www.10yan.com/2016/0109/272311.shtml
http://archive.is/EAbjl
十堰去年共完成45例器官移植手术,来源:秦楚网讯(十堰晚报)

1081 Chenzhou No. 1 People’s Hospital
https://www.linkedin.com/company/%E6%B9%96%E5%8D%97%E7%9C%81%E9%83%B4%E5%B7%9E%E5%B8%82%E7%AC%AC%E4%B8%80%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E5%8C%BB%E9%99%A2
https://archive.is/ryxa2
郴州市第一人民医院-- Linkedin

1082 Chenzhou No. 1 People’s Hospital – A+ Medical Encyclopedia
http://www.a-hospital.com/w/郴州市第一人民医院
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124021852/http://www.a-hospital.com/w/郴州市第一人民医院
郴州市第一人民医院-- A+医学百科

1083 Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at People’s Hospital of Wuhan University
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLPhXG19sHYQ8uQGIO.htm
https://archive.is/PD7dF
郴州市第一人民医院肝胆外科   来源:好大夫

1084 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery at People’s Hospital of Wuhan University
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLPhXG5tdX6gWDmEzh/jieshao.htm
https://archive.is/5Jff3
郴州市第一人民医院胸心外科   来源:好大夫

1085 Doctor:  Chen Shanqun, The Urology Surgery Department of Chenzhou First People’s Hospital     Medical Market
http://chenzhou.yiliao.ganji.com/yisheng/99372_detail.html
https://archive.is/hD6xl
郴州市第一人民医院泌尿外科 – 陈善群       来源:赶集医疗

1086 2015 Hunan Organ Transplantation Director Forum was held in Chenzhou
http://qgyz.hnma.org.cn/InfoShow.asp?id=42
https://archive.is/R3eGN
2015湖南器官移植主任论坛在郴州召开

1087 Chenzhou First People’s Hospital
http://baike.so.com/doc/5621168-5833785.html
https://archive.is/Nr4RK
郴州市第一人民医院   来源:互动百科

1088 “Investigation Lead: At the No.2 Hospital in Guangxi, ‘Ten Days after the Blood Work is Done, There Will Be a Kidney Available for You.’” Minghui.org. January 24, 2007.
http://www.clearwisdom.net/emh/articles/2007/1/24/82001.html
调查线索:湖南郴州医院活体眼角膜移植多

1089 No. 401 Hospital of Jinan Military Command
http://guahao.qingdaonews.com/GhYiyuan/more/id/1056.html
https://archive.is/NRfvw
济南军区第401医院

1090 Specialties of the Department of Urologic Surgery at No. 401 Hospital of Jinan Military Command
http://mingyi.qingdaonews.com/content/2012-11/13/content_9489208.htm
https://archive.is/izpaI
解放军第401医院泌尿外科特色-青岛新闻网

1091 Yang Guangrong, Dean of  PLA No.401 Hospital, interviewed by Qingdao news
http://www.qingdaonews.com/content/2006-08/11/content_7659945.htm
http://archive.is/Mu0Jm
青岛401医院院长方光荣做客院长在线–青岛新闻网

1092 Introduction to Dr. Yuan Weisheng, director of Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the Liver Transplantation Centre at No.401 Hospital of Jinan Military Command http://www.guahao.com/expert/957cffb3-c720-11e1-913c-5cf9dd2e7135000
济南军区第401医院肝移植中心肝胆外科主任袁伟升介绍

1093 Brief Introduction to Doctor Yang Shizhong at No. 401 Hospital of Jinan Military Command
http://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r0Fy0C9LuSkZQDJreFjG0pMy6P-9em.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160405141532/http://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r0Fy0C9LuSkZQDJreFjG0pMy6P-9em.htm
解放军第401医院肝胆外科杨世忠大夫简介

1094 Brief Introduction to The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
http://www.hnzhy.com/OneArticle-18.html
https://archive.is/9spFJ
河南中医学院第一附属医院简介

1095 Introduction to  department of kidney transplantation of the First Affiliated    Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
http://z.xywy.com/yiyuankeshijieshao-hnzhy-shenyizhike.htm
https://archive.is/mg4Sp
河南中医学院第一附属医院肾移植科介绍

1096 Introduction to the Department of Kidney Transplantation at The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of
Traditional Chinese Medicine
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLBwWgOaHzEWhYkCqt/jieshao.htm
https://archive.is/ajhd4
河南中医学院第一附属医院肾移植科介绍

1097 The kidney transplantation department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
http://www.hnzhy.com/NewsDetail-34.html
https://archive.is/IxroZ
《大河报》肾移植科

1098 Wang, Guangce, department of kidney transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine -– Hudong Baike
http://www.baike.com/wiki/%E7%8E%8B%E5%85%89%E7%AD%96
http://archive.is/eDUBZ
河南中医学院第一附属医院肾移植科王光策-互动百科

1099 2014 Henan Chinese Medicine Societies nephropathy branch general meeting and conference notice
http://www.hnzhy.com/NewsDetail-2272.html
https://web.archive.org/save/http://www.hnzhy.com/NewsDetail-2272.html
2014年河南省中医药学会中医肾病分会换届会暨学术会议通知

1100 Analysis of Effect Factors on Kidney Retransplantation (50 cases)
Source: Journal of Medical Forum  Vol. 27   No. 14   JULY 2006
http://www.cqvip.com/read/read.aspx?id=22684593
https://web.archive.org/web/20160420052858/http://www.cqvip.com/read/read.aspx?id=22684593
《再次肾移植影响因素探讨(附50例报告)》   《医药论坛杂志》2006年7月  第27卷  第14期

1101 Analysis of Effect Factors on Second Kidney Transplantation
Source: Journal of Clinic Research  Vol. 24   No. 7   JULY 2007
http://www.cqvip.com/read/read.aspx?id=25989785
https://archive.is/txui4
《二次肾移植的效果及影响因素》   《医学临床研究》2007年7月  第24卷   第7期

1102 Brief Introduction to Taian City Central Hospital
http://www.taishanyy.com/yyjj/index_13.aspx
http://archive.is/DbfVc
泰安市中心医院简介

1103 Introduction to Taian City Central Hospital
http://www.yz-bbs.com/l-hospital/huadong/shandongsheng/cf58a9ad9a27bff8663b194ff83cf45e.html
https://archive.is/u9q4y
泰安市中心医院

1104 The Department of Urologic Surgery at Taian City Central Hospital
http://www.taishanyy.com/zdks/info_22.aspx?itemid=1619&expert=4916,4915,4914,4913,4912,4911
https://archive.is/bVpCU
泰安市中心医院泌尿外科

1105 Taian’s first successful liver transplant surgery
http://www.100md.com/html/DirDu/2002/10/24/75/71/10.htm
http://archive.is/0ZSmz
“泰安首例肝移植术获成功”

1106 Blood Medical Department at Taian City Central Hospital
http://www.taishanyy.com/zdks/info_22.aspx?itemid=1612&expert=4886,4885,4884,4883,4882
泰安市中心医院血液内科

1107 Zhao Yongwei: The director of Department of Urologic Surgery at Taian City Central Hospital
http://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r08xQdKSLFhILvYSdpUn-8HdJ.htm
https://archive.is/ZmQVz
泰安市中心医院泌尿外科主任医师赵永伟  来源:好大夫在线

1108 The Department of ophthalmology at Taian City Central Hospital
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLBDzFJBFq-tVG1BZ1.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160314062406/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLBDzFJBFq-tVG1BZ1/jieshao.htm
泰安市中心医院眼科

1109 Yiyang Central Hospital           Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/1915144.htm
https://archive.is/coaYF
益阳市中心医院百度百科

1110 Yiyang Central Hospital   Interactive Encyclopedia
http://www.baike.com/wiki/益阳市中心医院
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124021134/http://www.baike.com/wiki/益阳市中心医院
益阳市中心医院互动百科

1111 Kidney Transplantation Centre at Yiyang People’s Hospital
http://www.yych.cn/departmentdirectory/depinfo_567350EC-3F03-4113-98C5-D210232B7E20.html
https://archive.is/Sujmc
益阳市中心医院 – 科室导航:肾移植中心

1112 Yiyang People’s Hospital overview
http://www.yych.cn/onhospital/overview.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20130205065139/http://yych.cn/onhospital/overview.html
益阳市中心医院

1113 Yiyang Central Hospital — Department pilot: Kidney transplant centre
http://www.yych.cn/departmentdirectory/depinfo_567350EC-3F03-4113-98C5-D210232B7E20.html
https://archive.is/Sujmc
益阳市中心医院互动百科

1114 Department of Kidney Transplantation at Yiyang People’s Hospital           haodf.com
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLBg0GU2Y2Krrpb6FW/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124021106/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLBg0GU2Y2Krrpb6FW/jieshao.htm
益阳市人民医院肾移植科           好大夫在线

1115 Kidney Transplantation Centre at Yiyang People’s Hospital
http://www.yych.cn/departmentdirectory/depinfo_567350EC-3F03-4113-98C5-D210232B7E20.html
https://archive.is/Sujmc
益阳市中心医院 – 科室导航:肾移植中心

1116 Yiyang Central Hospital — Department pilot: Kidney transplant centre
http://www.yych.cn/departmentdirectory/depinfo_567350EC-3F03-4113-98C5-D210232B7E20.html
https://archive.is/Sujmc
益阳市中心医院互动百科

1117 Kidney Transplantation Centre at Yiyang People’s Hospital
http://www.yych.cn/departmentdirectory/depinfo_567350EC-3F03-4113-98C5-D210232B7E20.html
https://archive.is/Sujmc
益阳市中心医院 – 科室导航:肾移植中心

1118 Brief Introduction to Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University,
http://www.znhospital.com:8580/About.aspx?id=11
https://archive.is/6q8Yb
武汉大学中南医院简介,来源:武汉大学中南医院

1119 Introduction to the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University
http://www.znhospital.com/yyjj.jhtml
http://archive.is/ga4IF
武汉大学中南医院介绍

1120 Liver and Gallbladder Disease Research Institute at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University http://www.znhospital.com:8580/DoctorDetail.aspx?did=28
http://archive.is/xIAwW
武汉大学中南医院-肝胆疾病研究院,来源:武汉大学中南医院

1121 Liver and Gallbladder Disease Research Institute at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University
Source: Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University
http://www.znhospital.com:8580/DoctorDetail.aspx?did=28
https://archive.is/xIAwW
武汉大学中南医院-肝胆疾病研究院,来源:武汉大学中南医院

1122 Huang Jiefu: Zhongnan Hospital Has Become the Benchmark in Domestic Chinese Organ Transplant Field
http://www.znhospital.com:8580/journalnewsdetails.aspx?newsid=543&fid=2
https://archive.is/wncrT
黄洁夫:中南医院已成为国内器官移植领域的标杆

1123 A 26-Year-Old Man Became ‘Starch Man’ Because of a Hereditary Disease, First Time Appeared in past 10 years in Hubei
http://news.cnhubei.com/xw/jk/201507/t3308686.shtml
http://archive.is/R81en
26岁男子患家族病成“淀粉人”湖北近10年首现此病

1124 A Rare Case of “Starch Man” Appeared in Hubei, He Turned the Corner After Liver Transplantation
http://www.39yst.com/xinwen/288854.shtml
http://archive.is/TLmUG
湖北省发现罕见“淀粉人” 肝移植后转危为安

1125 Brief Introduction to Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.qhsrmyy.com/hospital/introduce.asp
http://web.archive.org/web/20160312165836/http://www.qhsrmyy.com/hospital/introduce.asp
青海省人民医院简介

1126 Introduction to The Department of General Surgery at Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital   source: 99 Health Net
http://jz.99.com.cn/dept/156883.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20160312180304/http://jz.99.com.cn/dept/156883.html
青海省人民医院普外科介绍来源:99健康网

1127 The Department of General Surgery at Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.qhsrmyy.com/section/sections.asp?id=7&ssearch=&page=
http://archive.is/AniVq
青海省人民医院普外科

1128 Clinical application of allogeneic kidney transplantation  Source: cqvip.com
http://ahu.ss.cqvip.com/zlf/articles/article_detail.aspx?id=CG00110524 (Link can’t be opened. Please refer to the archived page.)
https://archive.is/CcHi8
同种异体肾移植的临床应用来源:智立方

1129 The Department of Urologic Surgery at Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.qhsrmyy.com/section/sections.asp?id=5
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123215124/http://www.qhsrmyy.com/section/sections.asp?id=5
青海省人民医院泌尿外科

1130 The Department of General Surgery at Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital
http://yiyuan.office371.com/hospital/2723/category/58275.html
https://archive.is/MwCCX
青海省人民医院普外科

1131 Brief Introduction to Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_1427/Index.aspx
https://archive.is/xI1Yf
贵州省人民医院简介

1132 Our hospital conducted the first liver transplant successfully
http://book.5055.cn/Item/32.aspx
https://archive.is/xOmlG
我院施行首例肝移植手术获得成功

1133 Brief Introduction to Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_1427/Index.aspx
https://archive.is/xI1Yf
贵州省人民医院简介

1134 The Department Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_342/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123153130/http://www.5055.cn/Category_342/Index.aspx
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科

1135 Specialist Huang Jianzhao from The Department of  Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Item/13731.aspx
https://archive.is/iLzvX
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科专家黄建钊

1136 The Department Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital– haodf.com
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLFCUmLgzM21bXlzuR/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123153158/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLFCUmLgzM21bXlzuR/jieshao.htm
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科-好大夫在线

1137 Saving life, no regrets – A report about Standing Committee Zhang
Zhongmin of Nanming District CPPCC
(Chinese People’s Political Consultative Committee)
http://www.gzzxb.com/pages/ShowBook.aspx?ID=2AE071FE-2CA3-45A5-BAEF-E863732A2FD8
https://archive.is/67HzK
救死扶伤 无怨无悔——记南明区政协常委张忠民

1138 Specialist Fan Wei from The Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.gzzxb.org.cn/pages/ShowBook.aspx?ID=2AE071FE-2CA3-45A5-BAEF-E863732A2FD8
https://archive.is/kIpJI
贵州省人民医院肝胆外科专家范伟

1139 Medical service price adjustment list at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital– haodf.com
http://www.5055.cn/UploadFiles/hzfw/2016/1/201601180927542284.xls  (need backup the excel file into the server)
贵州省人民医院医疗服务价格调整表

1140 2009 Sponsored Funds for  Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://book.5055.cn/Item/2013.aspx
https://archive.is/v2vX0
贵州省人民医院2009年度获资助基金

1141 Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital- Cardiac Surgical Department Branch at Bijie Inaugurated
http://news.bjsyqw.com/2015/0810/43357.shtml
https://archive.is/s7XAZ
贵州省人民医院毕节分院心脏外科挂牌成立

1142 The Department of Ophthalmology at Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.5055.cn/Category_234/Index.aspx
https://archive.is/hOT0g
贵州省人民医院眼科

1143 Brief Introduction to No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command
http://64459.54114.com
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123223459/
http://64459.54114.com
兰州军区第474医院简介

1144 The Blood Purification Centre for Organ Transplantation at No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command
http://hospital.shuangyouyiliao.com/kszx/xyk/3493.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123223558/http:/hospital.shuangyouyiliao.com/kszx/xyk/3493.html
兰州军区第474医院器官移植血液净化中心

1145 The Blood Purification Centre for Organ Transplantation at No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command
http://hospital.shuangyouyiliao.com/kszx/xyk/3493.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123223558/http:/hospital.shuangyouyiliao.com/kszx/xyk/3493.html
兰州军区第474医院器官移植血液净化中心

1146 Introduction to No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command
http://xj.yiliao.ganji.com/yyxiangqing/660455251.html
(The link doesn’t work anymore. Please refer to the archived page.)
https://archive.is/2FfzA
中国人民解放军第474医院  来源:赶集网

1147 Introduction to Expert Li Lin from No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command
http://www.junjian99.com/SearchSystem/zjInfo.aspx?s_id=1781
https://archive.is/GgCwQ
中国人民解放军第474医院专家李林  来源:君健网

1148 Introduction to Expert Li Baojiang from No. 474 Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command
http://www.junjian99.com/SearchSystem/zjInfo.aspx?s_id=1784
https://archive.is/Dg7io
中国人民解放军第474医院专家李保江  来源:君健网

1149 Brief Introduction to Hainan General Hospital
http://www.phhp.com.cn/view2.php?xuh=1021
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124010836/http://www.phhp.com.cn/view2.php?xuh=1021
海南省人民医院简介

1150 Department of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Organ Transplant Surgery at Hainan General Hospital
http://www.phhp.com.cn/view2.php?xuh=15948
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124010759/http://www.phhp.com.cn/view2.php?xuh=15948
海南省人民医院肝胆胰, 器官移植外科

1151 Benevolence, Expertise, and Demeanor – Introduction to Doctor Li, Zhuori of Hainan General Hospital
http://www.hpmda.com/wzxwym/youxiuyishishiji/2012-06-07/113.html
https://archive.is/Aau2T
《仁心精术 大家风范》—海南省人民医院李灼日医师 来源:海南省医师协会网

1152 Hepatobiliary Surgery Expert: Li, Zhuori
http://www.phhp.com.cn/view2.php?xuh=1179
https://archive.is/787xN
肝胆外科专家:李灼日

1153 Our Hospital’s Multidisciplinary Team Successfully Saved Patients with Multiple Organ Failures
http://www.phhp.com.cn/view1.php?xuh=18667
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124010608/http://www.phhp.com.cn/view1.php?xuh=18667
《我院多学科联合成功救治全身多器官衰竭患者》

1154 Introduction to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=about
https://web.archive.org/web/20150712183441/http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=about
重庆医科大学附属第一医院简介

1153  Chongqing Organ Transplantation Centre at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=list&smid=247&wid=57590
https://archive.is/cwU5J
重庆医科大学附属第一医院重庆市器官移植中心

1156 Events History of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=about&smid=11
https://archive.is/0PTu0
重庆医科大学附属第一医院大事记

1157 The largest stem cell transplantation ward of Chongqing City settled in our hospital
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=news&smid=24&wid=60018
https://archive.is/s6s8g
重庆市规模,最大干细胞移植病房落户我院

1158 Price list of treatments at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/files.upload/20120827_1022373125/20120823112753-%E9%87%8D%E5%8C%BB%E4%B8%80%E9%99%A2%E4%B8%8A%E7%BD%91%E5%85%AC%E7%A4%BA%E7%89%A9%E4%BB%B7%E9%A1%B9%E7%9B%AE.pdf
https://archive.is/htFzr (couldn’t be archived properly, please refer to downloaded pdf file)
重庆一院上网公示物价项目-重庆市物价局 重庆市卫生局 关于印发《重庆市医疗服务价格 (试行)》的通知 二 00 四年三月二十六日

1159 The Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=keshi&smid=139
https://web.archive.org/web/20150712183632/http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=keshi&smid=139
重庆医科大学附属第一医院肝胆外科

1160 Introduction to Specialist Du Chengyou of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=keshi&smid=139&wid=64356
https://archive.is/9ifsW
重庆医科大学附属第一医院专家介绍:杜成友

1161 Introduction to Specialist Huang Ping of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=keshi&smid=139&wid=64354
https://archive.is/eKo6I
重庆医科大学附属第一医院专家介绍:黄平

1162 Introduction to the General Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=list&smid=249&wid=64109
https://archive.is/0Ef2R
重庆医科大学附属第一医院科室介绍:重庆市普通外科(含肝胰小肠移植)

1163 Observing Different bile duct reconstruction suture anastomosis of biliary complications
Source: Laboratory Medicine and Clinic December 2015, Vol. 12, No. 24, page 3748-3750
https://archive.is/ZpAil
不同胆管重建缝合方法胆道吻合口并发症观察 《检验医学与临床》2015年12月第12卷 第24期3748-3750

1164 The Urologic Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=keshi&smid=136
https://web.archive.org/web/20150712183625/http://www.hospital-cqmu.com/index.php?file=keshi&smid=136
重庆医科大学附属第一医院泌尿外科

1165 The Ophthalmology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
http://old.hospital-cqmu.com/yk/ksjs.jsp?id=190
https://web.archive.org/web/20160109150033/http://old.hospital-cqmu.com/yk/ksjs.jsp?id=190
重庆医科大学附属第一医院眼科

1166 Brief Introduction to Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.samsph.com/introduce/13/1/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123151804/http://www.samsph.com/introduce/13/1/
四川省人民医院简介

1170 The Organ Transplant Centre at Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.samsph.com/qgyzzx_intro/409/1/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123151915/http://www.samsph.com/qgyzzx_intro/409/1/
四川省人民医院器官移植中心

1168 The Organ Transplant Centre at Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.samsph.com/qgyzzx_intro/409/1/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123151915/http://www.samsph.com/qgyzzx_intro/409/1/
四川省人民医院器官移植中心

1169 Vice President of Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital and Director of Organ Transplant Centre – Deng Shaoping
http://www.scrcgz.com/show-21-20-1.html
https://archive.is/77s1Z
四川省人民医院副院长, 器官移植研究所所长邓绍平

1170 The Organ Transplant Centre at Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital – Yang, Hongji
http://www.samsph.com/experts/735/862/1/fakeid/38/
https://archive.is/jAJ9C
四川省人民医院器官移植中心杨洪吉

1171 Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital- Huang, Xiaolun
http://www.samsph.com/tech_sub_sczdsys/148/122/1/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160311025247/http://www.samsph.com/tech_sub_sczdsys/148/122/1/
器官移植转化医学四川省重点实验室-黄孝伦

1172 Brief Introduction to Liaocheng People’s Hospital
http://www.lchospital.cn/yiyuangaikuang/liaochengyiyuan/index.html
https://archive.is/YjC5y
聊城市人民医院简介

1173 The Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at Liaocheng People’s Hospital
http://www.lchospital.cn/keshi/linchuang/waike/gandan/jianjie.html
https://archive.is/lyUpa
聊城市人民医院肝胆外科

1174 The Department of Cardiac Surgery at Liaocheng People’s Hospital
http://www.lchospital.cn/keshi/linchuang/waike/xinzang/jianjie.html
https://archive.is/RscSG
聊城市人民医院心脏外科

1175 Collaborative Care – Creating a Miracle of Life
http://www.lchospital.cn/hushi/fengcai/1632.html
https://archive.is/nlvmc
《医护协作 共创生命奇迹》

1176 The Department of Cardiac Surgery at Liaocheng People’s Hospital
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/zxinxinwen/2009-08/3840.htm
https://archive.is/YPi6s
“爱心卫士”铸就“放心工程”——记聊城市人民医院心外科 2009-08-06 聊城新闻网

1177 Willing to shed sweat for organ transplant
http://www.lchospital.cn/hushi/fengcai/1609.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160420062923/http://www.lchospital.cn/hushi/fengcai/1609.html
甘洒汗水为移植   2007-03-05 11:42:32

1178 Collaboration between doctors and nurses creates miracles of life
http://www.lchospital.cn/hushi/fengcai/1632.html
https://archive.is/nlvmc
医护协作 共创生命奇迹   2008-04-10 15:54:49

1179 The Department of Cardiac Surgery at Liaocheng People’s Hospital
http://www.lchospital.cn/keshi/linchuang/waike/xinzang/jianjie.html
https://archive.is/RscSG
聊城市人民医院科室介绍-心脏外科

1180 The Liver Transplant Surgery Department of the PLA No. 458 Hospital
http://www.458hospital.com/department/67.html
https://archive.is/DE5Dn
解放军第四五八医院肝胆外科

1181 Medical story behind the lens (2016/1/4)
http://www.qikan.com.cn/article/slzk20161306.html
https://archive.is/EUQ9a
镜头背后的医学故事 (2016/1/4)

1182 The Liver Disease Department of the PLA No. 458 Hospital
http://www.medste.gd.cn/Html/dip/Class985/Class1033/16530320070427091500.html
https://archive.is/hRWZC
解放军第四五八医院肝病中心

1183 The Liver Disease Department of the PLA No. 458 Hospital
http://laihokming.blogspot.com/2013/09/blog-post_8263.html
https://archive.is/MpRn5
空軍醫院(四五八醫院)全軍肝病中心

1184 The Liver Transplant Surgery Department of the PLA No. 458 Hospital
http://www.458hospital.com/department/67.html
https://archive.is/DE5Dn
解放军第四五八医院肝胆外科

1185 The Liver Transplant Surgery Department of the PLA No. 458 Hospital
http://www.458hospital.com/department/67.html
https://archive.is/DE5Dn
解放军第四五八医院肝胆外科

1186 Medical story behind the lens (2016/1/4)
http://www.qikan.com.cn/article/slzk20161306.html
https://archive.is/EUQ9a
镜头背后的医学故事 (2016/1/4)

1187 The Urological Surgery Department at the PLA No. 458 Hospital
http://www.16kang.com/keshi-34709/
https://archive.is/UcJ19
中国人民解放军四五八医院 泌尿外科

1188 Kidney Transplantation – The PLA No. 458 Hospital
Source: Online appointment registration, Dated: 2015/2/22
http://www.ruizhipak.com/guangzhou/6594.html
https://archive.is/yBzRW
解放军第四五八医院   【网上挂号 预约挂号】(2015/2/22)

1189 Organ Harvesting Atrocities Against Falun Gong — Investigation Leads from China’s Guangzhou City –
A Comprehensive Report Minghui.org April 4, 2012
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2011/1/8/234649.html
调查线索:广州中共系统活摘法轮功学员器官《明慧网》 January 8, 2011

1190 Director of the Ophthalmology Department of Guangzhou Air Force Hospital, Professor Jing Lianxi’s Visit to Our Hospital
May 21, 2011
http://www.pr021.com/news/1571.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160109143436/http://www.pr021.com/news/1571.html
广州空军医院眼科主任景连喜教授莅临我院交流考察” 2011年5月21日

1191 Brief Introduction to The People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
http://www.gxhospital.com/about.asp?id=1
https://archive.is/JhP5J
广西壮族自治区人民医院简介

1192 The continuation of life needs your help – please support organ donation
http://www.gxhospital.com/news_detail.asp?id=6215
https://archive.is/bsSzB
生命的延续需要您的关怀与奉献–请支持器官捐献

1193 The project Experimental and clinical application of heart transplantation reached the international advanced level
http://www.gxhospital.com/article_detail.asp?id=912
https://archive.is/5Hxmk
我院《心脏移植实验和临床应用研究》达国际先进水平

1194 Brief Introduction to the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery / Thoracic Surgery at The People’s Hospital of Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region
http://www.gxhospital.com/department.asp?did=18
https://archive.is/q0Qd5
广西人民医院心血管外科·胸部外科简介

1195 Brief Introduction to the Department of Urologic Surgery at The People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
http://www.gxhospital.com/department.asp?did=16
广西人民医院泌尿外科简介

1196 Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at The People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
http://www.gxhospital.com/department.asp?did=15
https://archive.is/cG0q0
广西壮族自治区人民医院肝胆腺体外科

1197 Guangxi Eye Centre – Cornea Transplant
http://www.gxhospital.com/article_detail.asp?id=330
https://archive.is/9y1oV
广西眼科中心-角膜移植

1198 Brief Introduction to First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.ypfph.com/deskAction.do?method=news&newsId=4028e5a636ffb6a0013763145d180025&flag=
https://archive.is/sxazQ
云南省第一人民医院简介

1199 Brief Introduction to First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.ypfph.com/deskAction.do?method=news&newsId=4028e5a636ffb6a0013763145d180025&flag=
https://archive.is/sxazQ
云南省第一人民医院简介

1200 The Department of Organ Transplantation at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZYunNanSheng1RenMin/2014-01/6947.htm
https://archive.is/oh2Xs
云南省第一人民医院器官移植科

1201 Adult piggyback orthotopic liver transplantation – a report of 8 cases
Source: Digestive Surgery , 2002, vol., No. 5 P365 ~ 367; Author: Mo Yiwo, Fu Dezhuang, et…
http://journal.9med.net/upload/pdf/147/3063/162828_6397.pdf
http://web.archive.org/web/20160430210209/http://journal.9med.net/upload/pdf/147/3063/162828_6397.pdf
成人原位背驼式肝移植 – 附8例报告
来源:《消化外科杂志》2002年第一卷第5期 P365~367; 作者:莫一我, 傅德庄等

1202 Early pulmonary infection following orthotopic liver transplantation in 55 cases
Source: Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research April 29, 2008 Vol. 12 No. 18
http://www.cqvip.com/qk/80481b/200818/27276545.html /
http://www.cqvip.com/read/read.aspx?id=27276545
https://archive.is/ZjdTw
原位肝移植术后早期肺部感染55例分析   《中国组织工程研究与临床康复》2008年4月29日 第12卷第18期

1203 Early pulmonary infection following orthotopic liver transplantation in 55 cases
Source: Journal of Kunming Medical University 2008, (4): 89-92
http://www.cqvip.com/qk/91182x/200804/28287668.html /
http://www.cqvip.com/read/read.aspx?id=28287668
https://archive.is/BIKWK
肝移植胆道重建方法的临床近期疗效观察   《昆明医学院学报》2008, (4): 89-92

1204 Early pulmonary infection following orthotopic liver transplantation in 55 cases
Source: Journal of Kunming Medical University 2010, (6): 84-88
http://www.ahkjwx.cn:81/article/detail.aspx?id=34349484
https://archive.is/Bx98a
肝移植术后早期急性排斥反应的微透析监测   《昆明医学院学报》2010, (6): 84-88

1205 The Department of Organ Transplantation at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZYunNanSheng1RenMin/2014-01/6947.htm
https://archive.is/oh2Xs
云南省第一人民医院器官移植科

1206 The Department of Organ Transplantation at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZYunNanSheng1RenMin/2014-01/6947.htm
https://archive.is/oh2Xs
云南省第一人民医院器官移植科

1207 The Department of Organ Transplantation at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZYunNanSheng1RenMin/2014-01/6947.htm
https://archive.is/oh2Xs
云南省第一人民医院器官移植科

1208 The Department of Organ Transplantation at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZYunNanSheng1RenMin/2014-01/6947.htm
https://archive.is/oh2Xs
云南省第一人民医院器官移植科

1209 50 cases of live donor kidney transplant nursing experience
Source: Journal of Kunming Medical University 2008, (5): 219-220
http://www.cqvip.com/qk/91182x/200805/28729397.html
https://archive.is/V9QF1
50例活体供肾肾移植护理体会   《昆明医学院学报》2008, (5): 219-220

1210 Fungal and virus infection following kidney transplantation
Source: Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research, 2009, Vol.18, P3585-3588
http://www.cqvip.com/qk/80481b/200918/30236075.html
https://archive.is/V4ygJ
肾移植后的真菌和病毒感染   《中国组织工程研究与临床康复》2009年 第18期 3585-3588页 共4页

1211 Introduction to Cardiothoracic Surgery Department at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province
http://www.ypfph.com/deskAction.do?method=news&newsId=4028e5a63343da1701335773a1c80006&flag=
https://archive.is/PCarf
云南省第一人民医院胸心外科简介

1212 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department at First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province achieved new level
http://www.ypfph.com/deskAction.do?method=news&newsId=4028e5a63f0e0f3a013f9d7adf490052
https://archive.is/Peuvs
胸心外科心脏病诊治水平走上新台阶

1213 Brief Introduction to Ruikang Hospital Affiliated with Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine
http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/97.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124025628/http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/97.aspx
广西中医学院附属瑞康医院简介

1214 Guangxi Integrative Urology Academic Annual Meeting held in Ruikang Hospital
http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/1646.aspx
https://archive.is/Yf0Mm
广西中西医结合泌尿外科学术年会会议在瑞康医院召开

1215 Department of Organ Transplantation at Ruikang Hospital         haodf.com
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLPvNSM-pF9fQsVXyf/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124011814/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLPvNSM-pF9fQsVXyf/jieshao.htm
瑞康医院器官移植科好大夫在线

1216 Clinic Features and Expertise of Department of Organ Transplantation at Ruikang Hospital Affiliated with Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine
http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/192.aspx
https://archive.is/GbZsu
器官移植泌尿外科诊疗特色及专长

1217 Brief Introduction to Ruikang Hospital Affiliated with Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine
http://3g.gxrkyy.com/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=lists&catid=1
https://archive.is/5wANu       广西中医大学附属瑞康医院医院概况

1218 The vice president Gao Hongjun at Ruikang Hospital Affiliated with Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine
http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/3753.aspx
https://archive.is/HFRla
瑞康医院现任领导-副院长高宏君

1219 Profile of Gu Xinwei from the Organ Transplant Department
Source: Ruikang Hospital Newspaper special edition for Endoscopic magazine
http://www.gxrkyy.com/mag/2014.06_w/b03_guxinwei.html
https://archive.is/EC41k
器官移植科顾新伟   瑞康医院报2014年6月内镜微创专刊

1220 Profile of Doctor Lin Minzhuan from Ruikang Hospital      etong-online.com
http://www.51etong.com/s/ysdq/dq37918.shtml
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124011753/http://www.51etong.com/s/ysdq/dq37918.shtml
瑞康医院林民专   医通网

1221 Brief Introduction to Ruikang Hospital Affiliated with Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine
http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/97.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160124025628/http://www.gxrkyy.com/Item/97.aspx
广西中医学院附属瑞康医院简介

1222 Brief Introduction to the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical University
http://www.gmcah.com/danPage.aspx?id=97
https://archive.is/UmQ89
贵阳医学院第一附属医院简介

1223 The Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical University
http://www.gmcah.com/keShiJieShao.aspx?id=37
https://archive.is/POf1D
贵阳医学院第一附属医院肝胆外科

1224 The Department of Urological Surgery at the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical University
http://www.gmcah.com/keShiJieShao.aspx?id=28
https://archive.is/MKS7H
贵阳医学院第一附属医院泌尿外科

1225 The People’s Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region     Source: ChinaCulture.org
http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/cn_zgwh/2004-06/28/content_54099.htm
https://archive.is/xViHt
西藏自治区人民医院              来源:中国文化网

1226 Autonomous Region People’s Hospital – Tibet Autonomous Region
http://baike.baidu.com/view/2063418.htm
https://archive.is/OKmGc
自治区人民医院-西藏自治区

1227 Tibet People’s Hospital – Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/1767291.htm
https://archive.is/yo8Ub
522西藏自治区人民医院-百度百科

1228 The world’s highest region’s first orthotopic liver transplantation carried out successfully
Source: Xinhua Net 15/12/2002 reporter Qun Sang and Qiu Lihua
http://tech.sina.com.cn/roll/2002-12-15/1445156004.shtml
https://archive.is/Btat1
世界海拔最高地区首例原位异体肝脏移植手术成功 新华网 2002年12月15日 记者群桑, 裘立华

1229 Interview with Tang Jinhai – Tibet’s first liver transplant surgeon
Source: Tibet News Net 12/2/2003 Zhang Qi
http://old.chinatibetnews.com/yiliao/2003-02/12/content_8575.htm
https://archive.is/69lOn
访西藏首次肝移植手术主刀唐金海 中国西藏新闻网 2002年2月12日 张琪

1230 Interview with Tang Jinhai – Tibet’s first liver transplant surgeon
Source: Tibet News Net 12/2/2003 Zhang Qi
https://archive.is/69lOn
访西藏首次肝移植手术主刀唐金海 中国西藏新闻网 2002年2月12日 张琪

1231 Interview with Tang Jinhai – Tibet’s first liver transplant surgeon
Source: Tibet News Net 12/2/2003 Zhang Qi
http://old.chinatibetnews.com/yiliao/2003-02/12/content_8575.htm
https://archive.is/69lOn
访西藏首次肝移植手术主刀唐金海 中国西藏新闻网 2002年2月12日 张琪

1232 Brief Introduction to the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University
http://www.ydyy.cn/ArticleDetail-1.aspx
https://archive.is/bY4cn
昆明医科大学第一附属医院简介

1233 The Department of Organ Transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University
http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123175259/http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx
昆明医科大学第一附属医院器官移植科

1234 The Department of Organ Transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University
http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123175259/http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx
昆明医科大学第一附属医院器官移植科

1235 The Department of Organ Transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University
http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123175259/http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx
昆明医科大学第一附属医院器官移植科

1236 Brief Introduction to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/about/?ID=1
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123153838/http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/about/?ID=1
遵义医学院附属医院简介

1237 Introduction to the all departments at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/office/List.asp
https://archive.is/8erkY
科室介绍-遵义医学院附属医院

1238 The Organ Transplantation Team at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/Article/Show.asp?ID=30
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123154325/http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/Article/Show.asp?ID=30
遵义医学院附属医院器官移植组

1239 The Department of Urologic Surgery at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/Office/Show.asp?ID=97
https://archive.is/xHgu9
遵义医学院附属医院泌尿外科

1240 Introduction to Kidney Disease Rheumatology department at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/article/show.asp?id=3358
https://archive.is/YReIm
牢记重托 不辱使命–遵义医科大学附属医院肾内科

1241 The Organ Transplantation Team at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/Article/Show.asp?ID=30
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123154325/http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/Article/Show.asp?ID=30
遵义医学院附属医院器官移植组

1242 Five liver transplant patients came together appreciating “angel”
http://www.zmchospital.com.cn/Article/Show.asp?ID=114
https://archive.is/uEapc
五位换肝人相聚谢“天使”

1243 Brief Introduction to The First Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.kmsdyrmyy.com/survey_show.aspx?id=37
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123180402/http://www.kmsdyrmyy.com/survey_show.aspx?id=37
昆明市第一人民医院简介

1244 The Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the First Hospital of Kunming
http://www.calmette.cn/front/list/363.shtml
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123180232/http://www.calmette.cn/front/list/363.shtml
昆明市第一人民医院肝胆外科

1245 Li, Li-President of The First Hospital of Kunming – Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/subview/38325/6407273.htm
https://archive.is/MekmM
昆明市第一人民医院院长李立-百度百科

1246 Introduction to Li Li-President of The First Hospital of Kunming
http://www.kmsdyrmyy.com/guide_show.aspx?id=57
https://archive.is/7mDLn
昆明第一人民医院院长李立介绍

1247 Doctor Ran Jianghua – The First Hospital of Kunming
http://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r0BCkuHzdugXJcthbpNCqpa7rv.htm
http://archive.is/jGxIb
昆明第一人民医院冉江华大夫

1248 The Third National OPO (Organ Procurement Organization) Transplant Centre Established in Kunming
http://hep.cmt.com.cn/detail/340529.html
https://archive.is/6vRU2
全国第三家OPO移植中心在昆明成立

1249 Brief Introduction to Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.kmyayy.com/aboutcontent.aspx?KindId=02050201
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123180716/http://www.kmyayy.com/aboutcontent.aspx?KindId=02050201
昆明市延安医院医院简介

1250 Congratulations to the heart and great vessels surgery department ranked 13th in China on the list of best clinical departments of Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/InformationDisplay.asp?newsid=135
https://web.archive.org/web/20160501013901/http://yayyxzwk.com/Information/displaycont.asp?newsid=135
热烈祝贺昆明市延安医院心脏大血管外科位列中国最佳临床心脏外科第13名

1251 Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City – Baidu Encyclopedia
http://baike.baidu.com/view/1748705.htm
https://archive.is/Dhz8w
昆明市延安医院医院-百度百科

1252 Brief Introduction to Technological Features for Heart Transplantation and Combined Heart-Lung Transplantation
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/InformationDisplay.asp?NewsID=87   https://web.archive.org/web/20160426202853/http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/InformationDisplay.asp?NewsID=87
心脏移植和心肺联合移植技术特色简介

1253 Introduction to the Department of Cardiac Vascular Surgery of Yan’an Hospital in Kunming
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/index.asp?classid=2
https://web.archive.org/web/20160426203216/http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/index.asp?classid=2
昆明市延安医院心脏大血管外科科室介绍

1254 Department of Urologic Surgery, Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.kmyayy.com/aboutcontent.aspx?KindId=02050401020601
https://archive.is/k8cr8
昆明市延安医院泌尿外科

1255 Introduction to Foreign Exchange and Cooperation of the Department of Cardiac Vascular Surgery at Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/InformationDisplay.asp?NewsID=65
https://web.archive.org/web/20160426203447/http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/InformationDisplay.asp?NewsID=65
昆明市延安医院心脏大血管外科对外交流合作简介

1256 Introduction to the Department of Cardiac Vascular Surgery of Yan’an Hospital in Kunming City
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/index.asp?classid=2
https://web.archive.org/web/20160426203216/http://www.yayyxzwk.com/information/index.asp?classid=
昆明市延安医院心脏大血管外科科室介绍

1257 Li, Yaxiong – Director of The Department of Heart and Great Vessel Surgery, Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/Page/ZhuanJia/page.asp?ysid=2
https://web.archive.org/web/20160310144250/http://www.yayyxzwk.com/Page/ZhuanJia/page.asp?ysid=2
昆明市延安医院心脏大血管外科主任李亚雄

1258 Li, Yaxiong – Director of The Department of Heart and Great Vessel Surgery, Yan’an Hospital of Kunming City
http://www.yayyxzwk.com/Page/ZhuanJia/page.asp?ysid=2
https://web.archive.org/web/20160310144250/http://www.yayyxzwk.com/Page/ZhuanJia/page.asp?ysid=2
昆明市延安医院心脏大血管外科主任李亚雄

1259 Brief Introduction to Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.spph-sx.com/yygk/yyjs.htm
https://web.archive.org/save/http://www.spph-sx.com/yygk/yyjs.htm
陕西省人民医院简介

1260 The Department of Kidney Transplant, Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1241/3718.htm
https://web.archive.org/save/http://www.spph-sx.com/fwzn/ksjs/lcks/syzk/ksjs.htm
陕西省人民医院肾移植科

1261 Department of Kidney Transplantation, Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1241/3718.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326181651/http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1241/3718.htm
陕西省人民医院肾移植科

1262 Department of Kidney Transplantation, Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1241/3718.htm
https://archive.is/SlDyj
陕西省人民医院肾移植科

1263 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1189/3641.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160311145757/http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1189/3641.htm
陕西省人民医院胸外科

1264 Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital
http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1205/3661.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160326175821/http://www.spph-sx.com/info/1205/3661.htm
陕西省人民医院肝胆外科

1265 Brief Introduction to Gansu Provincial Hospital
http://www.gsyy.cn/list.aspx?id=047978768380
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123213820/http://www.gsyy.cn/list.aspx?id=047978768380
甘肃省人民医院简介

1266 Department of Urologic Surgery, The Gansu Provincial Hospital
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:9hhNCe4LG6kJ:www.gsyy.cn/content.aspx%3Fid%3D766005322649+&cd=1&hl=zh-TW&ct=clnk&gl=au (google back on Feb. 12, 2016)
https://archive.is/T21UJ
甘肃省人民医院泌尿外科

1267 The Gansu Provincial Hospital successfully carried out the first live kidney transplant
http://www.jkb.com.cn/localnews/gansu/2013/0426/325703.html
https://archive.is/j9kFa
甘肃省人民医院成功移植首例亲属活体肾   健康报 2013年4月26日

1268 Department of Urologic Surgery, The Gansu Provincial Hospital
http://www.gsyy.cn/content.aspx?id=766005322649
https://web.archive.org/web/20160313044224/http://www.gsyy.cn/content.aspx?id=766005322649
甘肃省人民医院泌尿外科

1269 Department of Urologic Surgery, The Gansu Provincial Hospital
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:9hhNCe4LG6kJ:www.gsyy.cn/content.aspx%3Fid%3D766005322649+&cd=1&hl=zh-TW&ct=clnk&gl=au
https://archive.is/T21UJ
甘肃省人民医院泌尿外科

1270 Introduction to doctor Chen Yirong from Department of Urologic Surgery, The Gansu Provincial Hospital
http://www.gsyy.cn/content.aspx?id=169635543077
https://archive.is/BBCfH
甘肃省人民医院泌尿外科医师介绍:陈一戎

1271 Brief Introduction to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University
http://www.ldyy.net.cn/ArticleDetail.aspx?ClassID=44&ArticleID=72
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214303/http://www.ldyy.net.cn/ArticleDetail.aspx?ClassID=44&ArticleID=72
兰州大学第一医院简介

1272 The Second Section of the Department of General Surgery at The First Hospital of Lanzhou University – Our Team
http://www.ldyy.net.cn/keshiArticle.aspx?Id=286
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214250/http://www.ldyy.net.cn/keshiArticle.aspx?Id=286
兰州大学第一医院普外二科-我们的团队

1273 The Second Section of the Department of General Surgery at the First Hospital of Lanzhou University – Technology and Research
http://www.ldyy.net.cn/keshiArticle.aspx?Id=285
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214454/http://www.ldyy.net.cn/keshiArticle.aspx?Id=285
兰州大学第一医院普外二科-技术与科研

1274 Brief Introduction to Professor Li Xun
http://gms.lzu.edu.cn/graduate/portaltutor/tutorDetail.do?teacherId=106267
https://archive.is/O6Gsw
兰州大学李汛导师简介

1275 Brief Introduction to Professor Li Xun
http://gms.lzu.edu.cn/graduate/portaltutor/tutorDetail.do?teacherId=106267
https://archive.is/O6Gsw
兰州大学李汛导师简介

1276 Brief Introduction to Lanzhou University Second Hospital
http://www.ldey.cn/Category_231/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214518/http://www.ldey.cn/Category_231/Index.aspx
兰州大学第二医院简介

1277 The First Section of the Department of General Surgery at Lanzhou University Second Hospital
http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1208/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214552/http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1208/Index.aspx
兰州大学第二医院普外一科

1278 Li Yumin – Dean of Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Director of Hepatobiliary Surgery
http://www.ldey.cn/Item/11017.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20150513015737/http://www.ldey.cn/Item/11017.aspx
李玉民-兰大二院院长, 肝胆外科主任

1279 Clinical Medical Centre of the Department of Urologic Surgery at Lanzhou University Second Hospital
http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1298/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214648/http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1298/Index.aspx
兰州大学第二医院泌尿外科临床医学中心

1280 The First Section of the Department of Urologic Surgery at Lanzhou University Second Hospital
http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1212/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214717/http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1212/Index.aspx
兰州大学第二医院泌尿外一科

1281

1282 Lanzhou University Second Hospital finished the second DCD transplant, one donor survived five
http://szlzdx.taoyatao.com/firm/V0/Topic.aspx?topicid=92925
https://archive.is/bUltQ
兰大二院完成甘肃省第二例DCD供体器官移植 一供体使五人重生

1283 Gansu Provincial Ophthalmological Clinical Centre at Lanzhou University Second Hospital
http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1219/Index.aspx
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214749/http://www.ldey.cn/Category_1219/Index.aspx
兰州大学第二医院甘肃省眼科临床医学中心

1284 Great Achievements from Dedication and a New Chapter from Harmony
http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_1.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214819/http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-   10/10/content_12205069_1.htm
“敬业厚德写辉煌和谐创新谱新篇”-新华网 2009年10月10日 10:38:29

1285 Great Achievements from Dedication and a New Chapter from Harmony
http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_1.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214819/http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_1.htm
“敬业厚德写辉煌和谐创新谱新篇”-新华网 2009年10月10日 10:38:29

1286 Great Achievements from Dedication and a New Chapter from Harmony    2009-10-10 Xinhuanet
http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_1.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123214819/http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_1.htm
“敬业厚德写辉煌和谐创新谱新篇”-新华网 2009年10月10日

1287 Urologic Surgery Centre at the at the Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region
Source: China.com, 2012-01-17
http://news.china.com.cn/rollnews/2012-01/17/content_12315137.htm
http://archive.is/JghS9
兰州军区总医院泌尿外科中心 2012-01-17 来源: 人民网

1288 Wang Yangmin, Director of the Department of Urologic Surgery at the Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region             Source: International Alliance of Urolithiasis
http://www.iau.club/showmember.asp?id=2904
http://archive.is/xj2qr
兰州军区兰州总院泌尿外科中心主任王养民 来源: 国际尿石症联盟

1289 Great Achievements from Dedication and a New Chapter from Harmony
http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_2.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160506153535/http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-10/10/content_12205069_2.htm
“敬业厚德写辉煌和谐创新谱新篇”-新华网 2009年10月10日 10:38:29

1290 Dr. Bai Hai, Director of the PLA Blood Disease Centre at the Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region
http://gansu.gansudaily.com.cn/system/2010/04/21/011527789.shtml
http://archive.is/ycsg5
兰州军区兰州总医院血液科, 全军血液病中心主任, 医学博士 主任医师 白海

1291 Brief Introduction to Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital
http://www.qhuah.com/yiyuangaikuang/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123215234/http://www.qhuah.com/yiyuangaikuang/
青海大学附属医院简介

1292 The development history of the Department of Urologic Surgery at Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital
http://www.qhuah.com/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/mywk/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123215251/http://www.qhuah.com/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/mywk/
青海大学附属医院泌尿外科发展史

1293 The development history of the Department of Urologic Surgery at Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital
http://www.qhuah.com/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/mywk/
https://archive.is/Y9k22
青海大学附属医院泌尿外科发展史

1294 The Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery at Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital – Good Doctors Online
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLugEx166N34PvWMSU/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123215418/http:/www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLugEx166N34PvWMSU/jieshao.htm
青海大学附属医院肝胆胰外科-好大夫在线

1295 The personal web site of doctor Jing, Hongen (on haodf.com)
http://hongenjing.haodf.com/api/index/ajaxdoctorintro?uname=hongenjing
https://web.archive.org/web/20160312020052/http://hongenjing.haodf.com/api/index/ajaxdoctorintro?uname=hongenjing
景鸿恩个人网站来源:好大夫在线

1296 The Department of Ophthalmology at Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUak8fYw1mnSzFYx4/jieshao.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123221925/http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4rO-XCoLUak8fYw1mnSzFYx4/jieshao.htm
青海大学附属医院眼科-好大夫在线

1297 Brief Introduction to Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.nxrmyy.com/yiyuangailan/yiyuanjianjie/
https://archive.is/rToIZ
宁夏回族自治区人民医院简介

1298 The Department of Urologic Surgery at Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.nxrmyy.com/keshidaohang/waikexitong/miniaowaike/
http://web.archive.org/web/20160311223242/http://www.nxrmyy.com/keshidaohang/waikexitong/miniaowaike/
宁夏回族自治区人民医院泌尿外科

1299 Introduction to Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.baike.com/wiki/%E5%AE%81%E5%A4%8F%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E5%8C%BB%E9%99%A2
https://archive.is/5lZZR
宁夏人民医院介绍 互动百科

1300 Introduction to Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.baike.com/wiki/%E5%AE%81%E5%A4%8F%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E5%8C%BB%E9%99%A2
https://archive.is/5lZZR
宁夏人民医院介绍 互动百科

1301 Keratoplasty at Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://boke.qeqeqe.com/24942/viewspace-4635.html
https://archive.is/Enhvs
宁夏人民医院角膜移植术 来源:求医网/医院大全

1302 Introduction to the Eye Hospital of Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLuglg0lFq-tVG1BZ1/jieshao.htm
https://archive.is/FhsIw
宁夏人民医院眼科医院介绍 来源:好大夫在线

1303 The Department of Urologic Surgery at Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.nxrmyy.com/keshidaohang/waikexitong/miniaowaike/
http://web.archive.org/web/20160311223242/http://www.nxrmyy.com/keshidaohang/waikexitong/miniaowaike/
宁夏回族自治区人民医院泌尿外科

1304 The Department of Nephrology at Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.nxrmyy.com/keshidaohang/menzhenkeshi/snk1/
https://archive.is/MmjAs
宁夏回族自治区人民医院肾内科

1305 The Department of Urologic Surgery at Ningxia People’s Hospital
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZNingXiaHuiZurenmin/2013-12/6924.htm
https://archive.is/7OZW2
宁夏回族自治区人民医院泌尿外科 中国器官移植网

1306 Brief Introduction to Ningxia Medical University General Hospital (Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University)
http://www.nyfy.com.cn/class.asp?classid=11
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123222302/http://www.nyfy.com.cn/class.asp?classid=11
宁夏医科大学总医院简介

1307 The Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University
http://www.nyfy.com.cn/showks.asp?Classid=61
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123222433/http://www.nyfy.com.cn/showks.asp?Classid=61
宁夏回族自治区医学院附属医院肝胆外科

1308   Introduction to expert Yu Songning at the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University
http://www.nyfy.com.cn/showzj.asp?ID=2760
https://archive.is/MV0f4
宁夏医科大学总医院专家介绍:于松宁

1309 Prevention and treatment of biliary complications after liver transplantation
Source: Journal of Ningxia Medical College   March 2005 Yu Songning, Bu Yang
http://www.chemdrug.com/article/7/260/1296863.html
https://archive.is/1lfFX (needs to download PDF)
PDF: http://www.cqvip.com/read/read.aspx?id=16033528
《肝移植术后胆道并发症的防治》 来源:《宁夏医学院学报》 2005年03期   作者:于松宁 卜阳

1310 The Department of Urology at the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University
http://www.nyfy.com.cn/deptInfo/articledetail.asp?deptId=54&id=4365
https://archive.is/Zeabt
宁夏医科大学总医院泌尿外科

1311 The Department of Ophthalmology at the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University
http://nyfy.com.cn/deptInfo/articleDetail.asp?deptId=9&id=261
https://archive.is/W64GZ
宁夏医科大学总医院眼科:我科现已成功开展以下特色医疗项目 2007-07-30

1312 The Department of Ophthalmology at the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University
http://www.haodf.com/faculty/DE4r08xQdKSLeDNTNQsHYQ8uQGIO/jieshao.htm
https://archive.is/2VPTa
宁夏医科大学总医院眼科   来源:好大夫在线

1313 Brief Introduction to People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
http://www.xjrmyy.com/about/info/14081255.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160123222730/http://www.xjrmyy.com/about/info/14081255.html
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院简介

1314 Autonomous Region People’s Hospital – Uigur Autonomous Region
http://baike.baidu.com/view/2063418.htm
https://archive.is/OKmGc
自治区人民医院-新疆维自治区

1315 Hepatobiliary Vascular Surgery Department of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
http://www.xjrmyy.com/department/info/14/1008081117.html
https://archive.is/HD7CQ
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院肝胆血管外科

1316 Chen Lundai: Hepatobiliary Vascular Surgery Department of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
http://www.xjrmyy.com/expert/info/14/120604695.html
https://archive.is/WIikU
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院肝胆血管外科:陈伦牮

1317 Wang Qing: Urology Department of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
http://wangqing81.u.yynet.cn/ask
https://archive.is/YBFpc
新疆人民医院泌尿科:汪清 来源:医元网的汪清个人网页

1318 People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region carried out a kidney transplantation
Source: Xinjiang News web site 2015-11-06
http://www.xj.chinanews.com/html/V63/2015/11/06/57625405803.htm
https://archive.is/HAAGE
自治区人民医院成功实施一例同种异体肾移植手术 来源:新疆新闻网 2015年11月06日

1319 Feature Clinic of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region: Heart Transplantation
http://www.xjrmyyxzwk.com/plus/list.php?tid=50
https://archive.is/XW1R9
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院特色诊疗:心脏移植

1320 Heart Surgery Department of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
http://www.xjrmyy.com/department/info/14/1008081159.html
https://archive.is/Z84d4
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院心外科

1321 Ophthalmology of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region: Heart Transplantation
http://www.xjrmyy.com/department/info/14/1008081163.html
https://archive.is/9f3I3
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院眼科

1322 “A Case Study of Orthotopic Heart Transplantation”, Xinjiang Medical Journal. Vol. 34, No. 2, page 126-128,
Authors: Tang Henian, Zhang Zonggang, Gao Wei, Guo Yongzhong, Zhao Qiang, Xiao Dong, Zhang Xiumin
http://eng.oversea.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?QueryID=0&CurRec=1&DbCode=CJFD&dbname=CJFD2004&filename=XJYI200402086
https://web.archive.org/web/20160312200756/http://eng.oversea.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?QueryID=0&CurRec=1&DbCode=CJFD&dbname=CJFD2004&filename=XJYI200402086
《新疆医学》 2004年34卷02期 126-128页
“原位同种心脏移植1例” 作者:唐和年, 张总刚, 高伟, 郭永忠, 赵强, 肖东, 张秀敏

1323 The Department of Thoracic Surgery at People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
http://www.xjrmyy.com/department/info/14/1008081160.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20160331015127/http://www.xjrmyy.com/department/info/14/1008081160.html
新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院胸外科